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abandon

US [əˈbændən]
UK [ə'bændən]
  • v.放弃;抛弃;废弃;遗弃
  • n.放肆;狂热;任性;恣意任性
  • Web丢弃;舍弃;离弃
Simple Present:abandons  Present Participle:abandoning  Past Participle:abandoned  
Abandon
v.
1.
(不顾责任、义务等)离弃,遗弃,抛弃to leave sb, especially sb you are responsible for, with no intention of returning
The baby had been abandoned by its mother.
这个婴儿被母亲遗弃了。
The study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being abandoned to the care of strangers.
研究表明,老人十分害怕被丢给陌生人照管。
2.
(不得已而)舍弃,丢弃,离开to leave a thing or place, especially because it is impossible or dangerous to stay
Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
大雪迫使许多驾驶者弃车步行。
He gave the order to abandon ship(= to leave the ship because it was sinking) .
他下令弃船(因船快要沉没)。
They had to abandon their lands to the invading forces.
他们不得不舍弃土地,让侵略军占领。
3.
~ sth
中止;放弃;不再有to stop doing sth, especially before it is finished; to stop having sth
They abandoned the match because of rain.
因为下雨,他们中止了比赛。
She abandoned hope of any reconciliation.
她对和解已不再抱有希望。
4.
停止(支持或帮助);放弃(信念)to stop supporting or helping sb; to stop believing in sth
The country abandoned its political leaders after the war.
战后该国人民不再拥护他们的政治领袖。
Critics accused him of abandoning his principles.
批评者指责他背弃了自己的原则。
5.
~ yourself to sth
陷入,沉湎于(某种情感)to feel an emotion so strongly that you can feel nothing else
He abandoned himself to despair.
他陷入绝望。
n.
1.
[u]
放任;放纵an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that sb does not care what other people think
He signed cheques with careless abandon.
他无所顾忌地乱开支票。