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file

US [faɪl]
UK [faɪl]
  • n.档案;文件夹;锉;锉刀
  • v.把(文件等)归档;提起(诉讼);提出(申请);送交(备案)
  • Web文件名;文件菜单;案卷
Plural Form:files  Present Participle:filing  Past Tense:filed  
File
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n.
1.
文件夹;卷宗a box or folded piece of card for keeping loose papers together and in order
a box file
文件箱
A stack of files awaited me on my desk.
我桌上有一堆文件等着我去处理。
2.
(计算机的)文件a collection of information stored together in a computer, under a particular name
to access/copy/create/delete/download/save a file
存取╱复制╱新建╱删除╱下载╱保存文件
Every file on the same disk must have a different name.
同一磁盘上的每一个文件都必须有不同的文件名。
3.
档案a file and the information it contains, for example about a particular person or subject
secret police files
警方秘密档案
Your application will be kept on file(= in a file, to be used later) .
你的申请书将存档。
to have/open/keep a confidential file on sb
有╱设立╱保存某人的机密档案
Police have reopened the file(= have started collecting information again) on the missing girl.
警方对失踪的女孩已重新建档调查。
4.
锉;锉刀a metal tool with a rough surface for cutting or shaping hard substances or for making them smooth
5.
排成一行的人(或物)a line of people or things, one behind the other
They set off in file behind the teacher.
他们跟在教师后面鱼贯出发。
IDM
They made their way in single file along the cliff path.
他们一个接着一个沿悬崖小径前进。
(in) single file
一路纵队;单行(in) one line, one behind the other
They made their way in single file along the cliff path.
他们一个接着一个沿悬崖小径前进。
v.
1.
[t]
把(文件等)归档to put and keep documents, etc. in a particular place and in a particular order so that you can find them easily; to put a document into a file
The forms should be filed alphabetically.
这些表格应该按字母顺序归档。
Please file it in my ‘Research’ file.
请把它归入我的研究类档案。
I filed the letters away in a drawer.
我把信件存放到抽屉里了。
2.
[i][t]
提起(诉讼);提出(申请);送交(备案)to present sth so that it can be officially recorded and dealt with
to file for divorce
提交离婚申请书
to file a claim/complaint/petition/lawsuit
提出索赔╱申诉;呈交诉状;提起诉讼
He filed to divorce his wife.
他提交了与妻子离婚的申请。
3.
[t]
~ sth
发送(报道给报社)to send a report or a story to your employer
4.
[i]
+ adv./prep.
排成一行行走to walk in a line of people, one after the other, in a particular direction
The doors of the museum opened and the visitors began to file in.
博物馆开门了,参观者鱼贯而入。
5.
[t]
~ sth (away/down, etc.)
锉平;锉去;锉薄;锉光滑to cut or shape sth or make sth smooth using a file
to file your nails
把指甲锉光滑

Sample Sentence

Definition:
Category:AllAll,OralOral,WrittenWritten,TitleTitle,TechnicalTechnical
Source:AllAll,DictionaryDictionary,WebWeb
Difficulty:AllAll,EasyEasy,MiddleMiddle,HardHard
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