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rough

US [rʌf]
UK [rʌf]
  • v.虐待;(铁蹄上)装防滑钉;粗暴地说;惹怒
  • n.草稿;(高尔夫球场的)长草区;草图;暴徒
  • adj.粗糙的;不平滑的;高低不平的;不确切的
  • adv.粗鲁地;粗野地
  • Web粗略的;我爱芳邻;粗暴的
Comparative Degree:rougher  Superlative:roughest  Plural Form:roughs  Present Participle:roughing  Past Tense:roughed  
Rough
Show examples
adj.
— see also
roughly
不平滑not smooth
1.
粗糙的;不平滑的;高低不平的having a surface that is not even or regular
rough ground
高低不平的地面
The skin on her hands was hard and rough.
她手上的皮肤粗糙且没有弹性。
Trim rough edges with a sharp knife.
用锋利的刀将参差不齐的边切齐。
不确切not exact
2.
不确切的;粗略的;大致的not exact; not including all details
a rough calculation/estimate of the cost
对成本的粗略计算╱估计
I've got a rough idea of where I want to go.
我大致知道我想去哪里了。
There were about 20 people there, at a rough guess .
那里约计有 20 人。
a rough draft of a speech
讲话草稿
a rough sketch
草图
粗暴violent
3.
粗暴的;粗野的;猛烈的not gentle or careful; violent
This watch is not designed for rough treatment.
这块手表不可猛烈震动。
They complained of rough handling by the guards.
他们投诉警卫对他们动粗。
rough kids
粗野的小孩
Don't try any rough stuff with me!
别想对我撒野!
4.
犯罪盛行的;充斥暴力的;危险的where there is a lot of violence or crime
the roughest neighbourhood in the city
市内最危险的街区
海洋sea
5.
汹涌的;风浪很大的having large and dangerous waves
It was too rough to sail that night.
那天夜里风浪太大,无法行船。
天气weather
6.
恶劣的;有暴风雨的wild and with storms
困难difficult
7.
艰难的;讨厌的;令人不快的difficult and unpleasant
He's had a really rough time recently(= he's had a lot of problems) .
他最近真是困难重重。
We'll get someone in to do the rough work(= the hard physical work) .
我们会找个人来干这重活。
不舒服not well
8.
不舒服的;不适的not feeling well
You look rough─are you OK?
你看上去不太舒服,你没事吧?
I had a rough night(= I didn't sleep well) .
我一夜没睡好觉。
简单;基本plain/basic
9.
粗糙的;不够精细的;朴实简单的simply made and not finished in every detail; plain or basic
rough wooden tables
粗糙的木桌
a rough track
凹凸不平的小径
rough paper for making notes on
做笔记的草稿纸
令人不舒服not smooth
10.
味道差的;涩的;刺耳的;令人难受的not smooth or pleasant to taste, listen to, etc.
a rough wine/voice
口感极差的葡萄酒;刺耳的声音
IDM
a rough deal
不公平的待遇the fact of being treated unfairly
The ballet still had some rough edges.
这段芭蕾舞还有不足之处。
He had a few rough edges knocked off at school.
他在学校改掉了一些坏毛病。
rough edges
瑕疵;美中不足之处small parts of sth or of a person's character that are not yet as good as they should be
The ballet still had some rough edges.
这段芭蕾舞还有不足之处。
He had a few rough edges knocked off at school.
他在学校改掉了一些坏毛病。
the rough end of the pineapple
(informal)
受到不良(或不公平)对待的处境a situation in which sb is treated badly or unfairly
n.
高尔夫球in golf
1.
[sing]
(高尔夫球场的)长草区the part of a golf course where the grass is long, making it more difficult to hit the ball
绘画;设计drawing/design
2.
[c]
草稿;草图the first version of a drawing or design that has been done quickly and without much detail
暴徒violent person
3.
[c]
(informal)
暴徒;粗野的人a violent person
a gang of roughs
一帮暴徒
IDM
in rough
粗略地;大致上if you write or draw sthin rough , you make a first version of it, not worrying too much about mistakes or details
take the rough with the smooth
好事坏事都接受;既能享乐也能吃苦to accept the unpleasant or difficult things that happen in life as well as the good things
adv.
1.
粗鲁地;粗野地using force or violence
Do they always play this rough?
他们比赛总是这么粗野吗?
IDM
young people sleeping rough on the streets
露宿街头的年轻人
live/sleep rough
风餐露宿(通常因为无家可归或贫穷)to live or sleep outdoors, usually because you have no home and no money
young people sleeping rough on the streets
露宿街头的年轻人
v.
IDM
We can sleep on the beach. I don't mind roughing it for a night or two.
我们可以睡在海滩上,我不介意吃一两夜的苦。
rough it
(informal)
暂时过艰苦的生活;渡过暂时的难关to live in a way that is not very comfortable for a short time
We can sleep on the beach. I don't mind roughing it for a night or two.
我们可以睡在海滩上,我不介意吃一两夜的苦。

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Definition:
Category:AllAll,OralOral,WrittenWritten,TitleTitle,TechnicalTechnical
Source:AllAll,DictionaryDictionary,WebWeb
Difficulty:AllAll,EasyEasy,MiddleMiddle,HardHard
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