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up

美 [ʌp]
英 [ʌp]
  • adv.起床;向上;出现;到
  • prep.沿着;向;顺着;向…上游
  • adj.激动;向上的;往上移动的;高兴
  • n.上面;高处;上坡路;繁荣
  • v.突然移动;突然做(意想不到的事);提高…的价格(或数量)
  • 网络飞屋环游记;起来;不饱和聚酯(unsaturated polyester)
第三人称单数:ups  现在分词:upping  过去式:upped  
Up
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adv.
1.
向(或在)较高位置;向上;在上面towards or in a higher position
He jumped up from his chair.
他从椅子上跳起来。
The sun was already up(= had risen) when they set off.
他们出发时太阳已经升起来了。
They live up in the mountains.
他们住在山区。
It didn't take long to put the tent up.
没用多长时间就搭完帐篷了。
I pinned the notice up on the wall.
我把通知钉在墙上了。
Lay the cards face up(= facing upwards) on the table.
把纸牌正面朝上摆在桌子上。
You look nice with your hair up(= arranged on top of or at the back of your head) .
你把头发向上梳很好看。
Up you come!(= said when lifting a child)
举高高喽!
2.
向(或在)较高水平;加大;增高to or at a higher level
She turned the volume up.
她把音量调大了。
Prices are still going up(= rising) .
物价还在上涨。
United were 3–1 up at half-time.
半场结束时,联队以 3:1 领先。
The wind is getting up(= blowing more strongly) .
风渐渐大起来了。
Sales are well up on last year.
销量比去年大幅增加。
3.
朝(某人或某物)的方向;向…的地方to the place where sb/sth is
A car drove up and he got in.
一辆汽车开过来,他就上了车。
She went straight up to the door and knocked loudly.
她径直走到门前大声敲门。
4.
到,朝,在(重要地方,尤指大城市)to or at an important place, especially a large city
We're going up to New York for the day.
我们要上纽约一天。
His son's up at Oxford(= Oxford University) .
他儿子在上牛津大学。
5.
向(国家北部的地方);向(北方)to a place in the north of a country
They've moved up north .
他们已搬到北部去了。
We drove up to Inverness to see my father.
我们开车北上因弗内斯去看我父亲。
6.
成碎片;分开into pieces or parts
She tore the paper up.
她把纸撕得粉碎。
They've had the road up(= with the surface broken or removed) to lay some pipes.
他们挖开了路面以便敷设管线。
How shall we divide up the work?
我们怎么分工呢?
7.
完全;彻底地completely
We ate all the food up.
我们把食物吃光了。
The stream has dried up.
小溪已经干涸了。
8.
(以便)形成,聚拢so as to be formed or brought together
The government agreed to set up a committee of inquiry.
政府同意成立一个调查委员会。
She gathered up her belongings.
她收拾起她的私人物品。
9.
(以便)完结,关闭so as to be finished or closed
I have some paperwork to finish up.
我有些文案工作要做完。
Do your coat up; it's cold.
把上衣扣上,天凉了。
10.
已结束;已过去finished; over
Time's up. Stop writing and hand in your papers.
时间到了。不要再写了,把试卷交上来。
11.
未上床;起床out of bed
I stayed up late(= did not go to bed until late) last night.
我昨晚熬夜了。
He's up and about again after his illness.
他病愈后又能起来活动了。
12.
(informal)
(尤指异常或不愉快的事情)发生,出现used to say that sth is happening, especially sth unusual or unpleasant
I could tell something was up by the looks on their faces.
从他们的脸色我就知道出事了。
What's up?(= What is the matter?)
怎么回事?
What's up with him? He looks furious.
他怎么了?他看上去怒气冲冲的。
Is anything up? You can tell me.
出什么事了吗?跟我说吧。
IDM
It's not up to you to tell me how to do my job.
还轮不到你来告诉我怎么做我的事。
Shall we eat out or stay in? It's up to you.
咱们是到外面吃饭还是待在家里?你决定吧。
be up to sb
是…的职责(或责任);由…决定to be sb's duty or responsibility; to be for sb to decide
It's not up to you to tell me how to do my job.
还轮不到你来告诉我怎么做我的事。
Shall we eat out or stay in? It's up to you.
咱们是到外面吃饭还是待在家里?你决定吧。
His work isn't up to much.
他的活儿做得不怎么样。
not be up to much
质量差;不很好to be of poor quality; to not be very good
His work isn't up to much.
他的活儿做得不怎么样。
Teachers are up against some major problems these days.
老师们最近面临着一些重大问题。
She's really up against it(= in a difficult situation) .
她确实陷入了困境。
up against sth
(informal)
遇到问题;遭到反对facing problems or opposition
Teachers are up against some major problems these days.
老师们最近面临着一些重大问题。
She's really up against it(= in a difficult situation) .
她确实陷入了困境。
The boat bobbed up and down on the water.
小船在水面颠簸。
She was pacing up and down in front of her desk.
她在办公桌前踱来踱去。
My relationship with him was up and down.
我跟他的关系忽冷忽热。
up and down
起伏;上下波动moving upwards and downwards
The boat bobbed up and down on the water.
小船在水面颠簸。
来回;往复in one direction and then in the opposite direction
She was pacing up and down in front of her desk.
她在办公桌前踱来踱去。
时好时坏sometimes good and sometimes bad
My relationship with him was up and down.
我跟他的关系忽冷忽热。
(informal)
绝对地;肯定地;完全地if you swearup and down that sth is true, you say that it is definitely true
By that time the new system should be up and running.
到那时这个新系统应该会运转起来了。
up and running
在运转;在使用中working; being used
By that time the new system should be up and running.
到那时这个新系统应该会运转起来了。
He came up before the local magistrate for speeding.
他因超速驾驶到当地法庭受审。
up before sb/sth
到…面前接受裁决;出庭受审appearing in front of sb in authority for a judgement to be made about sth that you have done
He came up before the local magistrate for speeding.
他因超速驾驶到当地法庭受审。
The house is up for sale.
这所房子正待出售。
Two candidates are up for election.
有两位候选人被提名参选。
We're going clubbing tonight. Are you up for it ?
我们今晚去夜总会,你愿意来吗?
up for sth
提供作…on offer for sth
The house is up for sale.
这所房子正待出售。
正被考虑,被提名(作候选人等)being considered for sth, especially as a candidate
Two candidates are up for election.
有两位候选人被提名参选。
(informal)
愿意参与(某活动)willing to take part in a particular activity
We're going clubbing tonight. Are you up for it ?
我们今晚去夜总会,你愿意来吗?
It may not have been the worst week of my life but it's up there.
这可能不是我一生中最糟糕的一周,但也差不远了。
OK, it's not my absolute dream, but it's up there.
是的,那不是我的终极梦想,不过也差不远了。
up there
(informal)
(是或差不多是最好、最差、最重要等)之列,之一among or almost the best, worst, most important, etc.
It may not have been the worst week of my life but it's up there.
这可能不是我一生中最糟糕的一周,但也差不远了。
OK, it's not my absolute dream, but it's up there.
是的,那不是我的终极梦想,不过也差不远了。
I can take up to four people(= but no more than four) in my car.
我的汽车最多能带四个人。
The temperature went up to 35˚C.
气温上升到了 35 摄氏度。
Read up to page 100.
读到第 100 页。
Up to now he's been very quiet.
到目前为止,他一直很安静。
Her latest book isn't up to her usual standard.
她的新作没有达到她平常的水准。
He's not up to the job.
他无法胜任这项工作。
I don't feel up to going to work today.
我觉得不舒服,今天不能去上班。
What's she up to?
她在捣什么鬼?
What've you been up to?
你一直在搞什么名堂?
I'm sure he's up to no good(= doing sth bad) .
我敢说他在打什么坏主意。
up to sth
达到(某数量、程度等);至多有as far as a particular number, level, etc.
I can take up to four people(= but no more than four) in my car.
我的汽车最多能带四个人。
The temperature went up to 35˚C.
气温上升到了 35 摄氏度。
直到;不多于;不迟于not further or later than sth; until sth
Read up to page 100.
读到第 100 页。
Up to now he's been very quiet.
到目前为止,他一直很安静。
与…一样高(或好)as high or as good as sth
Her latest book isn't up to her usual standard.
她的新作没有达到她平常的水准。
(体力或智力上)能胜任physically or mentally capable of sth
He's not up to the job.
他无法胜任这项工作。
I don't feel up to going to work today.
我觉得不舒服,今天不能去上班。
(informal)
正在干,从事着(尤指坏事);在捣鬼doing sth, especially sth bad
What's she up to?
她在捣什么鬼?
What've you been up to?
你一直在搞什么名堂?
I'm sure he's up to no good(= doing sth bad) .
我敢说他在打什么坏主意。
prep.
1.
向,在(较高位置)to or in a higher position somewhere
She climbed up the flight of steps.
她爬上了那段楼梯。
The village is further up the valley.
村庄在山谷的更深处。
2.
沿着;顺着along or further along a road or street
We live just up the road, past the post office.
我们就住在路的前面,刚过邮局的地方。
3.
向…上游;溯流而上towards the place where a river starts
a cruise up the Rhine
乘船沿莱茵河溯流而上
IDM
I looked up and down the corridor.
我来回扫视着走廊。
up and down sth
沿…来来回回in one direction and then in the opposite direction along sth
I looked up and down the corridor.
我来回扫视着走廊。
up yours!
(愤怒地回应)去你的an offensive way of being rude to sb, for example because they have said sth that makes you angry
adj.
1.
[obn]
向上的;往上移动的directed or moving upwards
an up stroke
上提笔画
the up escalator
上行自动扶梯
2.
[nbn]
(informal)
高兴;快乐;激动cheerful; happy or excited
The mood here is resolutely up.
这里的气氛十分热闹。
3.
[nbn]
在运行working
Our system should be up by this afternoon.
到今天下午,我们的电脑系统应该运行起来了。
v.
1.
[i]
(informal)
突然移动;突然做(意想不到的事)to suddenly move or do sth unexpected
He upped and left without telling anyone.
他突然起身不辞而别。
2.
[t]
~ sth
提高…的价格(或数量)to increase the price or amount of sth
The buyers upped their offer by £1 000.
买方把出价增加了 1 000 英镑。
IDM
up sticks
(informal)
突然迁居to suddenly move from your house and go to live somewhere else
n.
IDM
Business confidence is on the up.
商业信心正在增强。
on the up
在增长;在改善中increasing or improving
Business confidence is on the up.
商业信心正在增强。
The club has been on the up and up since the beginning of the season.
从本季开始,这个俱乐部便日益欣欣向荣。
on the up and up
蒸蒸日上;日益兴旺;越来越好becoming more and more successful
The club has been on the up and up since the beginning of the season.
从本季开始,这个俱乐部便日益欣欣向荣。
ups and downs
浮沉;兴衰;荣辱the mixture of good and bad things in life or in a particular situation or relationship

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