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abstain

美 [əbˈsteɪn]
英 [əb'steɪn]
  • v.戒;(投票时)弃权;戒除;离开
  • 网络戒绝;禁绝;避开
第三人称单数:abstains  现在分词:abstaining  过去式:abstained  
abstain
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v.
1.
~ (from sth)
(投票时)弃权to choose not to use a vote, either in favour of or against sth
Ten people voted in favour, five against and two abstained.
十人投票赞成,五人反对,两人弃权。
2.
~ (from sth)
戒;戒除to decide not to do or have sth, especially sth you like or enjoy, because it is bad for your health or considered morally wrong
to abstain from alcohol/sex/drugs
戒酒;禁欲;戒毒
3.
~ (from sth)
离开;回避 to stay away from sth
The workers who abstained from work yesterday have been suspended.
昨天旷工的工人被暂时停职。

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