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美 [bæk]
英 [bæk]
  • n.背;后面;后卫;腰背
  • v.支持;倒退;帮助;下赌注于(赛马、参赛队伍等)
  • adv.向后;以前;回报;回原处
  • adj.背后的;后面的;后部的;过去的
  • 网络返回;背部;后退
复数:backs  现在分词:backing  过去式:backed  
back
显示所有例句
n.
身体部位part of body
1.
(人体或动物的)背部,背;腰背the part of the human body that is on the opposite side to the chest, between the neck and the tops of the legs; the part of an animal's body that corresponds to this
Do you sleep on your back or your front?
你睡觉是仰着还是趴着?
He stood with his back to the door.
他背对着门站着。
They had their hands tied behind their backs.
他们双手被反剪起来。
back pain
背痛
a back massage
背部按摩
A small boy rode on the elephant's back.
一个小男孩骑在大象背上。
2.
脊柱;脊梁骨the row of bones in the middle of the back
She broke her back in a riding accident.
她在一次骑马事故中摔断了脊梁骨。
He put his back out(= dislocated sth in his back) lifting the crates.
他搬大木箱时脊椎脱了臼。
后部part furthest from front
3.
[ususing]
~ (of sth)
后部;后面;末尾the part or area of sth that is furthest from the front
We could only get seats at the back(= of the room) .
我们只能找到后排的座位。
I found some old photos at the back of the drawer.
我从抽屉尽里头找到一些旧照片。
He was shot in the back of the knee.
他被子弹击中了腘窝。
The house has three bedrooms at the front and two at the back .
房屋正面有三间卧室,后面两间。
There's room for three people in the back .
后排的空间可容三人。
There's room for three people in back(= of a car, etc.) .
后排的空间可容三人。
If you'd like to come round the back(= to the area behind the house) , I'll show you the garden.
我带你去屋子后面看看花园。
纸张of piece of paper
4.
[ususing]
~ (of sth)
(文件等的)背面the part of a piece of paper, etc. that is on the opposite side to the one that has information or the most important information on it
Write your name on the back of the cheque.
把你的名字写在支票背面。
书刊of book
5.
[ususing]
~ (of sth)
(书等的)最后几页,末尾the last few pages of a book, etc.
The television guide is at the back of the paper.
电视节目指南在报纸的末尾。
椅子of chair
6.
(椅子等的)靠背the part of a chair, etc. against which you lean your back
靠背…-backed
7.
(家具)…靠背的used to describe furniture that has the type of back mentioned
a high-backed sofa
高靠背沙发
体育运动in sport
8.
后卫a player whose main role is to defend their team's goal
IDM
at/in the back of your mind
在潜意识里;依稀记得if a thought, etc. isat the back of your mind , you are aware of it but it is not what you are mainly thinking about
the back of beyond
(informal)
偏僻地方;边远地区a place that is a long way from other houses, towns, etc.
back to back
背靠背;背对背if two people standback to back , they stand with their backs facing or touching each other
接连地;接二连三if two or more things happenback to back , they happen one after the other
I think you've got that sweater on back to front.
我觉得你把毛衣前后穿反了。
back to front
(衣服)前后颠倒(或前后穿反)if you put on a piece of clothingback to front , you make a mistake and put the back where the front should be
I think you've got that sweater on back to front.
我觉得你把毛衣前后穿反了。
Was I pleased to see the back of her!
真高兴不会再见到她了!
be glad, etc. to see the back of sb/sth
(informal)
庆幸终于摆脱(不喜欢的人或事物)to be happy that you will not have to deal with or see sb/sth again because you do not like them or it
Was I pleased to see the back of her!
真高兴不会再见到她了!
Have you been talking about me behind my back?
你们是不是在背后说我的闲话?
They went ahead and sold it behind my back.
他们径自背着我把它卖了。
behind sbs back
背着某人;背地里;私下without sb's knowledge or permission
Have you been talking about me behind my back?
你们是不是在背后说我的闲话?
They went ahead and sold it behind my back.
他们径自背着我把它卖了。
be on sbs back
(informal)
缠磨;烦扰to keep asking or telling sb to do sth that they do not want to do, in a way that they find annoying
break the back of sth
完成(任务等的)主要部分to finish the largest or most important part of a task
That sort of attitude really gets my back up!
那种态度实在叫我恼火!
get/put sbs back up
(informal)
惹恼to annoy sb
That sort of attitude really gets my back up!
那种态度实在叫我恼火!
Just get off my back, will you!
请别烦我了好吗!
get off sbs back
(informal)
不再烦扰某人(如停止批评或缠磨等)to stop annoying sb, for example by criticizing them, or asking them to do sth
Just get off my back, will you!
请别烦我了好吗!
Don't worry, I've got your back.
别担心,我支持你。
have (got) sbs back
(informal)
保护,支持(某人)to protect and support sb
Don't worry, I've got your back.
别担心,我支持你。
have your back to the wall
(informal)
处于背水一战的境地;没有退路to be in a difficult situation in which you are forced to do sth but are unable to make the choices that you would like
off the back of a lorry
(informal)
(指货物等)来路不明goods thatfell off the back of a lorry were probably stolen. People say or accept that they cameoff the back of a lorry to avoid saying or asking where they really came from.
The profits growth came on the back of a 26 per cent rise in sales.
利润增长来自 26% 的销售额增长。
on the back of sth
由于(某项成就)as a result of an achievement or a success
The profits growth came on the back of a 26 per cent rise in sales.
利润增长来自 26% 的销售额增长。
She's been flat on her back for over a week now.
她卧病有一个多星期了。
The UK market was flat on its back(= business was very bad) .
(当时)英国的市场十分不景气。
(flat) on your back
(informal)
因病卧床;卧病in bed because you are ill/sick
She's been flat on her back for over a week now.
她卧病有一个多星期了。
The UK market was flat on its back(= business was very bad) .
(当时)英国的市场十分不景气。
put your back into sth
全力以赴to use a lot of effort and energy on a particular task
turn your back
扭头;转身to turn so that you are facing in the opposite direction
When on stage, try not to turn your back on the audience.
在舞台上尽量不要背对观众。
She turned her back on them when they needed her.
他们需要她的时候,她却背弃了他们。
turn your back on sb/sth
转身背对某人(或某物)to move so that you are standing or sitting with your back facing sb/sth
When on stage, try not to turn your back on the audience.
在舞台上尽量不要背对观众。
背弃;抛弃to reject sb/sth that you have previously been connected with
She turned her back on them when they needed her.
他们需要她的时候,她却背弃了他们。
adj.
后面away from front
1.
背后的;后面的;后部的located behind or at the back of sth
We were sitting in the back row.
我们坐在后排。
back teeth
臼齿
a back room(= one at the back of a building)
后室(位于建筑物后部)
the back page of a newspaper
报纸最末一页
过去from past
2.
过去的;旧时的of or from a past time
a back number of the magazine
一份过期杂志
拖欠owed
3.
到期未付的;拖欠的owed for a time in the past
back pay/taxes/rent
欠薪;欠税;欠租金
语音phonetics
4.
舌后的,后位性的(舌高点位于口腔后部发音)produced with the back of the tongue in a higher position than the front, for exampleA: in English
IDM
on the back burner
(informal)
暂时搁置left for the present time, to be done or considered later
adv.
后面away from front
1.
向后;在后;在背面away from the front or centre; behind you
I stepped back to let them pass.
我退后一步给他们让路。
Sit back and relax.
靠椅背坐好,放松放松。
You've combed your hair back.
你把头发往后梳了。
He turned and looked back.
他转身向后望。
She fell back towards the end of the race.
赛跑快结束时她落后了。
距离at a distance
2.
与(某物)有距离at a distance away from sth
The barriers kept the crowd back.
障碍物拦住了人群。
Stand back and give me some room.
站远点儿,给我腾出些地方。
受控制under control
3.
控制住;忍住under control; prevented from being expressed or coming out
He could no longer hold back his tears.
他再也无法控制住眼泪。
像先前as before
4.
回原处;恢复原状to or into the place, condition, situation or activity where sb/sth was before
Put the book back on the shelf.
把书放回书架上。
Please give me my ball back.
请把我的球还给我。
He'll be back on Monday.
他星期一会回来。
It takes me an hour to walk there and back .
我步行往返要花一个小时。
Could you go back to the beginning of the story?
你能不能回到故事的开头?
She woke up briefly and then went back to sleep.
她醒了片刻又睡了。
We were right back where we started , only this time without any money.
我们回到了起点,只是这次一点钱也没有。
过去in past
5.
以前in or into the past; ago
The village has a history going back to the Middle Ages.
这个村子的历史可追溯至中世纪。
She left back in November.
她十一月已经离开了。
That was a few years back.
那是几年以前的事。
在原处at a previous place
6.
在曾去过(或提到过)的地方;在前面at a place previously left or mentioned
We should have turned left five kilometres back.
我们在五公里之前就该左拐的。
Back at home, her parents were worried.
在家中,她的父母很担心。
I can't wait to get back home.
我急不可待想赶回家。
回应in return
7.
回报;回答in return or reply
If he kicks me, I'll kick him back.
他要是踢我,我就踢他。
Could you call back later, please?
请稍后再打电话来好吗?
IDM
ferries sailing back and forth between the islands
往返于岛屿之间的渡船
back and forth
反复来回from one place to another and back again repeatedly
ferries sailing back and forth between the islands
往返于岛屿之间的渡船
My dad's always talking about how great everything was back in the day.
我爸爸总是讲过去的一切如何如何的好。
back in the day
过去;从前;旧时in the past
My dad's always talking about how great everything was back in the day.
我爸爸总是讲过去的一切如何如何的好。
the houses back of the church
位于教堂后面的房屋
back of sth
(informal)
在某物的背后(或背面)behind sth
the houses back of the church
位于教堂后面的房屋
v.
后退move backwards
1.
[i][t]
(使)后退,倒退to move or make sth move backwards
He backed against the wall, terrified.
他退到墙边,惊恐万分。
If you can't drive in forwards, try backing it in.
若不能开车正面驶入,不妨倒车进去。
支持support
2.
[t]
~ sb/sth
帮助;支持to give help or support to sb/sth
Her parents backed her in her choice of career.
她父母支持她的职业选择。
Doctors have backed plans to raise the tax on cigarettes.
医生们对提高烟草税计划给予了支持。
The programme of economic reform is backed(= given financial support) by foreign aid.
经济改革计划得到外资援助。
a United Nations-backed peace plan
得到联合国支持的和平计划
下赌注bet money
3.
[t]
~ sth
下赌注于(赛马、参赛队伍等)to bet money on a horse in a race, a team in a competition, etc.
I backed the winner and won fifty pounds.
我押对了赌注,赢了五十英镑。
音乐music
4.
[t]
~ sth
伴奏;伴唱to play or sing music that supports the main singer or instrument
覆盖背面cover back
5.
[t][usupass]
~ sth (with sth)
(用某物)在…背后加固,给…加背衬to cover the back of sth in order to support or protect it
在后面be behind
6.
[t][usupass]
~ sth
位于(某物)的后面;在…后面to be located behind sth
The house is backed by fields.
房子的后面是田野。
IDM
back the wrong horse
下错赌注(支持了失败的一方或事情)to support sb/sth that is not successful

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