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break

美 [breɪk]
英 [breɪk]
  • n.中断;休息;破裂;机会
  • v.中断;破坏;碎;打断
  • 网络打破;断裂;打碎
过去式:broke  过去式:brake  过去分词:broken  第三人称单数:breaks  现在分词:breaking  
break
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v.
破碎in pieces
1.
[i][t]
(使)破,裂,碎to be damaged and separated into two or more parts , as a result of force; to damage sth in this way
All the windows broke with the force of the blast.
爆炸的巨大力量震碎了所有的窗户。
She dropped the plate and it broke into pieces .
她把盘子掉在地上打碎了。
to break a cup/window
打破杯子╱窗户
She fell off a ladder and broke her arm.
她从梯子上掉下来,摔断了胳膊。
He broke the chocolate in two .
他把那块巧克力一分为二。
停止运转stop working
2.
[i][t]
弄坏;损坏;坏掉to stop working as a result of being damaged; to damage sth and stop it from working
My watch has broken.
我的表坏了。
I think I've broken the washing machine.
我可能把洗衣机弄坏了。
皮肤skin
3.
[t]
~ sth
弄破;使流血to cut the surface of the skin and make it bleed
The dog bit me but didn't break the skin.
那条狗咬了我,但没咬破皮肤。
法律;承诺law/promise
4.
[t]
~ sth
违犯;背弃to do sth that is against the law; to not keep a promise, etc.
to break the law/rules/conditions
违反法律╱规章╱所定条件
to break an agreement/a contract/a promise/your word
违反协议╱合同╱允诺;食言
to break an appointment(= not to come to it)
失约
He was breaking the speed limit(= travelling faster than the law allows) .
他违章超速驾驶。
暂停stop for short time
5.
[i][t]
稍停;暂停to stop doing sth for a while, especially when it is time to eat or have a drink
Let's break for lunch.
我们休息一会儿,吃午饭。
a broken night's sleep(= a night during which you often wake up)
夜间时时醒来的睡眠
We broke our journey in Oxford(= stopped in Oxford on the way to the place we were going to) .
我们途中在牛津停留了一下。
中断end sth
6.
[t]
~ sth
打断;中断to interrupt sth so that it ends suddenly
She broke the silence by coughing.
她的咳嗽声打破了寂静。
A tree broke his fall(= stopped him as he was falling) .
他坠落时一棵树挡住了他。
The phone rang and broke my train of thought.
电话铃响起来,打断了我的思路。
7.
[t]
~ sth
强行终止;破坏to make sth end by using force or strong action
an attempt to break the year-long siege
试图冲破长达一年的围困
Management has not succeeded in breaking the strike .
资方未能使罢工终止。
8.
[t]
~ sth
终止,断绝(关系、联系)to end a connection with sth or a relationship with sb
He broke all ties with his parents.
他断绝了与父母的一切关系。
逃跑escape
9.
[i]
~ free (from sb/sth)
逃脱;挣脱to get away from or out of a position in which they are stuck or trapped
He finally managed to break free from his attacker.
他终于设法逃脱了袭击他的人。
毁坏;被毁坏destroy, be destroyed
10.
[t][i]
~ (sb/sth)
(被)摧毁,削弱to destroy sth or make sb/sth weaker; to become weak or be destroyed
to break sb's morale/resistance/resolve/spirit
瓦解某人的士气╱抵抗╱决心╱精神
The government was determined to break the power of the trade unions.
政府决心削弱工会的力量。
The scandal broke him(= ruined his reputation and destroyed his confidence) .
这桩丑闻把他毁了。
She broke under questioning(= was no longer able to bear it) and confessed to everything.
她经不住盘问,招认了一切。
使难过make sb feel bad
11.
[t]
~ sb
使心碎;使十分悲伤;使孤寂to make sb feel so sad, lonely, etc. that they cannot live a normal life
The death of his wife broke him completely.
妻子的死使他悲痛欲绝。
天气of weather
12.
[i]
(常指好天气)突变to change suddenly, usually after a period when it has been fine
露出缝隙show opening
13.
[i]
露出缝隙;散开to show an opening
The clouds broke and the sun came out.
云开日出。
白天;黎明;风暴of day/dawn/storm
14.
[i]
开始;(风暴)发作when the day or dawn or a stormbreaks , it begins
Dawn was breaking when they finally left.
他们终于离开时正是破晓时分。
消息of news
15.
[i]
透露;传开if a piece of newsbreaks , it becomes known
There was a public outcry when the scandal broke.
丑闻一传开,舆论一片哗然。
breaking news(= news that is arriving about events that have just happened)
突发性新闻
16.
[t]
~ it/the news to sb
(第一个将坏消息向某人)公布,透露,说出to be the first to tell sb some bad news
Who's going to break it to her?
由谁来把这事告诉她呢?
I'm sorry to be the one to break the news to you.
我很难过,这消息得由我来告诉你。
嗓音of voice
17.
[i]
(因激动)变调if sb's voicebreaks , it changes its tone because of emotion
Her voice broke as she told us the dreadful news.
她告诉我们这可怕的消息时,声音都变了。
18.
[i]
(指男孩在 13 或 14 岁时嗓音)变粗,变低when a boy's voicebreaks , it becomes permanently deeper at about the age of 13 or 14
纪录a record
19.
[t]
~ a record
打破(纪录)to do sth better, faster, etc. than anyone has ever done it before
She had broken the world 100 metres record.
她打破了 100 米世界纪录。
The movie broke all box-office records.
这部影片打破了所有的票房纪录。
波浪of waves
20.
[i]
拍岸;迸溅when wavesbreak , they fall and are dissolved into foam , usually near land
the sound of waves breaking on the beach
浪涛拍岸的声音
The sea was breaking over the wrecked ship.
海浪冲刷着破船的残骸。
秘密sth secret
21.
[t]
~ a code/cipher
破译;破解to find the meaning of sth secret
to break a code
破译密码
money
22.
[t]
~ sth
把…换成零钱;找开to change a banknote for coins
Can you break a twenty-dollar bill?
可以给我找开二十元的钞票吗?
IDM
n.
暂停;间歇short stop/pause
1.
[c]
间歇;休息a short period of time when you stop what you are doing and rest, eat, etc.
a coffee/lunch/tea break
用咖啡╱午饭╱茶的休息时间
Let's take a break .
咱们休息会儿吧。
a break for lunch
午餐休息
She worked all day without a break.
她接连工作了一整天。
2.
[u]
课间休息a period of time between lessons at school
Come and see me at break.
课间休息时来见我。
3.
[c]
间断;暂停a pause or period of time when sth stops before starting again
a break in my daily routine
我日常生活中的一段小插曲
She wanted to take a career break in order to have children.
她想暂时放下工作,去生孩子。
4.
[c]
(电视或电台节目的)插播广告的间隙a pause for advertisements in the middle of a television or radio programme
More news after the break.
广告后继续报道新闻。
假期holiday/vacation
5.
[c]
短期休假a short holiday/vacation
We had a weekend break in New York.
我们在纽约度过了一个周末假日。
a well-earned break
应得的休假
状况改变change in situation
6.
[sing]
(持续一段时间的状况或关系的)改变,终止,中断the moment when a situation or a relationship that has existed for a time changes, ends or is interrupted
He needed to make a complete break with the past.
他得与过去彻底告别。
a break with tradition/convention(= a change from what is accepted, in sth such as art, behaviour, etc.)
突破传统;破除习俗
a break in the weather(= a change from one type of weather to a different one)
天气的转变
a break in diplomatic relations
外交关系的中断
缝隙;空间opening/space
7.
[c]
~ (in sth)
间隔;缝隙a space or an opening between two or more things
We could see the moon through a break in the clouds.
我们能从云缝里看到月亮。
机遇opportunity
8.
[c]
(informal)
机会;机遇an opportunity to do sth, usually to get sth that you want or to achieve success
I got my lucky break when I won a ‘Young Journalist of the Year’ competition.
我时来运转,在“年度最佳青年记者”竞赛中取胜。
We've had a few bad breaks(= pieces of bad luck) along the way.
我们一路上遭遇了几次厄运。
骨骼of bone
9.
[c]
破裂;骨折a place where sth, especially a bone in your body, has broken
The X-ray showed there was no break in his leg.
X 光照片显示他的腿没有骨折。
网球in tennis
10.
[c]
破发a win in a game in which your opponent is serving
It was her second break in the set.
这是本盘比赛中她第二次破掉对手的发球局。
break point(= a situation in which, if you win the next point, you win the game)
破对方发球局的破发点
台球;斯诺克in billiards/snooker
11.
[c]
单杆;单杆得分a series of successful shots by one player; the number of points scored in a series of successful shots
He's put together a magnificent break.
他这杆球打得很不错。
a 147 break(= the highest possible break in snooker )
单杆 147 分(斯诺克中的单杆最高得分)
IDM
break of day/dawn
破晓;黎明the moment in the early hours of the morning when it begins to get light
give me a break!
(informal)
别烦我了;别胡说了used when sb wants sb else to stop doing or saying sth that is annoying, or to stop saying sth that is not true
Give the lad a break─it's only his second day on the job.
别苛求这小伙子,他上工才第二天。
give sb a break
给某人一次机会;不苛求某人to give sb a chance; to not judge sb too severely
Give the lad a break─it's only his second day on the job.
别苛求这小伙子,他上工才第二天。
He suddenly leapt up and made a break for the door.
他突然一跃而起,向门口逃窜。
They decided to make a break for it(= to try and escape) that night.
他们决定那天晚上逃跑。
make a break for sth/for it
向某处逃窜;试图逃跑to run towards sth in order to try and escape
He suddenly leapt up and made a break for the door.
他突然一跃而起,向门口逃窜。
They decided to make a break for it(= to try and escape) that night.
他们决定那天晚上逃跑。

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