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call

美 [kɔl]
英 [kɔːl]
  • n.打电话;呼唤;呼吁;要求
  • v.呼唤;称呼;召唤;打电话叫
  • 网络呼叫;调用;访问
第三人称单数:calls  现在分词:calling  过去式:called  
call
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v.
命名give name
1.
[t]
给…命名;称呼;把…叫做to give sb/sth a particular name; to use a particular name or title when you are talking to sb
They decided to call the baby Mark.
他们决定给婴儿取名马克。
His name's Hiroshi but everyone calls him Hiro.
他名叫广志,但人人都称他广。
What do they call that new fabric?
他们把那种新织品叫做什么?
They called their first daughter after her grandmother.
他们给大女儿取了祖母的名字。
We call each other by our first names here.
我们这儿彼此直呼其名。
看作describe
2.
[t]
认为…是;把…看作to describe sb/sth in a particular way; to consider sb/sth to be sth
I wouldn't call German an easy language.
我并不认为德语是一门容易学的语言。
Are you calling me a liar?
你是说我撒谎?
He was in the front room, or the lounge or whatever you want to call it.
他当时在客厅,或者说是在起居室 — 无论你叫它什么都行。
I make it ten pounds forty-three you owe me. Let's call it ten pounds.
我算下来你欠我十英镑四十三便士。就算作十英镑吧。
Would you call it blue or green?
你认为它是蓝色还是绿色?
3.
[t]
~ yourself + noun
把自己称为;自诩to claim that you are a particular type of person, especially when other people question whether this is true
Call yourself a friend? So why won't you help me, then?
你说你够朋友?够朋友怎么不肯帮我?
She's no right to call herself a feminist.
她无权以女权主义者自居。
喊叫shout
4.
[i][t]
大声呼叫,大声说(以吸引注意力)to shout or say sth loudly to attract sb's attention
I thought I heard somebody calling.
我仿佛听见有人在呼喊。
She called out to her father for help.
她向父亲大声呼救。
He called out a warning from the kitchen.
他在厨房里大声发出警告。
Did somebody call my name?
有人叫我的名字吗?
‘See you later!’ she called.
“再见!”她叫道。
5.
[t][i]
~ (sb)
召唤;呼唤to ask sb to come by shouting or speaking loudly
Will you call the kids in for lunch?
把孩子们叫进来吃午饭好吗?
Did you call?
你叫我?
电话telephone
6.
[t]
打电话叫to ask sb/sth to come quickly to a particular place by telephoning
to call the fire department/the police/a doctor/an ambulance
打电话叫消防队╱警察╱医生╱救护车
The doctor has been called to an urgent case.
医生接到电话去看急症。
I'll call a taxi for you.
我来打电话给你叫辆出租车。
I'll call you a taxi.
我来打电话给你叫辆出租车。
7.
[i][t]
(给…)打电话to telephone sb
I'll call again later.
我过会儿再打电话来。
I called the office to tell them I'd be late.
我给办公室打电话说我可能晚到一会儿。
My brother called me from Spain last night.
我弟弟昨晚从西班牙给我打电话来了。
召见order sb to come
8.
[t][usupass]
+ adv./prep.
命令,召(至某处)to order sb to come to a place
Several candidates were called for a second interview.
几个候选人被通知去参加第二次面试。
The ambassador was called back to London by the prime minister.
大使被首相召回伦敦。
He felt called to the priesthood(= had a strong feeling that he must become a priest) .
他感受到要成为司铎的召唤。
拜访visit
9.
[i]
(短暂地)访问to make a short visit to a person or place
I'll call round and see you on my way home.
我想在回家的路上去看看你。
Let's call on John.
咱们去看看约翰吧。
He was out when I called to see him.
我去拜访时,他不在家。
集会、罢工等meeting/strike, etc.
10.
[t]
~ sth
下令举行;宣布进行to order sth to happen; to announce that sth will happen
to call a meeting/an election/a strike
举行会议╱选举╱罢工
禽;兽of bird/animal
11.
[i]
啼;鸣叫to make the cry that is typical for it
比赛in games
12.
[t][i]
~ (sth)
抛硬币说正反面to say which side of a coin you think will face upwards after it is thrown
to call heads/tails
要硬币的正面╱反面
IDM
call sbs bluff
要求…摊牌,要求…兑现其恫吓(因相信对方不至于或不敢这样做)to tell sb to do what they are threatening to do, because you believe that they will not be cruel or brave enough to do it
Chess is a game that calls into play all your powers of concentration.
国际象棋是一项需要全神贯注的活动。
call sth into play
利用;使用to make use of sth
Chess is a game that calls into play all your powers of concentration.
国际象棋是一项需要全神贯注的活动。
His honesty has never been called into question.
他的诚实从未受到过怀疑。
call sth into question
怀疑;引起怀疑to doubt sth or make others doubt sth
His honesty has never been called into question.
他的诚实从未受到过怀疑。
After forty years in politics I think it's time for me to call it a day(= to retire) .
从政四十年,我想现在也该退休了。
call it a day
(informal)
结束一天的工作;到此为止;停止to decide or agree to stop doing sth
After forty years in politics I think it's time for me to call it a day(= to retire) .
从政四十年,我想现在也该退休了。
call it quits
(因势均力敌)同意停止比赛(或争论等)to agree to end a contest, disagreement, etc. because both sides seem equal
决定停止to decide to stop doing sth
call sb names
辱骂;谩骂to use insulting words about sb
call the shots/tune
(informal)
控制;操纵to be the person who controls a situation
call a spade a spade
是啥说啥;直言不讳to say exactly what you think without trying to hide your opinion
call time (on sth)
宣布结束;决定结束to say or decide that it is time for sth to finish
call sb to account (for/over sth)
责成…作出解释;责问to make sb explain a mistake, etc. because they are responsible for it
call sb/sth to order
要求安静下来(以便开始或继续会议);要求遵守会议秩序to ask people in a meeting to be quiet so that the meeting can start or continue
n.
电话on telephone
1.
[c]
打电话;通话the act of speaking to sb on the telephone
to get/have/receive a call from sb
接到某人的电话
to give sb/to make a call
给某人打电话
Were there any calls for me while I was out?
我不在时有电话找我吗?
I'll take(= answer) the call upstairs.
我要上楼接电话。
I left a message but he didn't return my call .
我留了口信,但他没有回电话。
a local call
本地电话
a long-distance call
长途电话
响亮的声音loud sound
2.
[c]
(禽、兽的)叫声;(唤起注意的)喊声a loud sound made by a bird or an animal, or by a person to attract attention
the distinctive call of the cuckoo
布谷鸟独特的叫声
a call for help
呼救声
拜访visit
3.
[c]
短暂拜访a short visit to sb's house
The doctor has five calls to make this morning.
医生今天上午要出诊五次。
to pay a call on an old friend
拜访一位老朋友
请求;要求request/demand
4.
[c]
~ (for sth)
要求;请求;呼吁a request, an order or a demand for sb to do sth or to go somewhere
calls for the minister to resign
要部长辞职的要求
calls for national unity
国家统一的呼声
This is the last call for passengers travelling on British Airways flight 199 to Rome.
乘坐英国航空公司 199 次班机飞往罗马的乘客,这是最后一次通知登机。
a call to arms(= a strong request to fight in the army, etc.)
战斗号召
5.
[u]
no ~ for sth.no ~ (for sb) to do sth
没有需要;没有理由(做…)no demand for sth; no reason for sb's behaviour
There isn't a lot of call for small specialist shops nowadays.
如今对小型专卖店已没有多大需求了。
6.
[c]
~ on sb/sth
(对某人或某事物的)需求,压力a demand or pressure placed on sb/sth
She is a busy woman with many calls on her time.
她是个大忙人,有很多事等着她去办。
地方of a place
7.
[sing]
~ (of sth)
(某地的)吸引力,诱惑力a strong feeling of attraction that a particular place has for you
the call of the sea/your homeland
大海的╱家乡的魅力
职业to a particular job
8.
[sing]
~ (to do sth)
召唤;呼唤;使命感a strong feeling that you want to do sth, especially a particular job
决定decision
9.
[c]
(informal)
决定a decision
It's your call!
那是你的决定!
a good/bad call
正确的╱不恰当的决定
That's a tough call.
那是个艰难的决定。
网球in tennis
10.
[c]
(裁判员的)判决a decision made by the umpire
There was a disputed call in the second set.
第二盘比赛有一个有争议的判决。
纸牌游戏in card games
11.
[c]
叫牌;吊牌a player's bid or turn to bid
IDM
the call of nature
生理需要(指上厕所)the need to go to the toilet
The children always have first call on her time.
她的时间总是先花在孩子们身上。
have first call (on sb/sth)
优先占用(时间、金钱等);优先得到照顾(或支付)to be the most important person or thing competing for sb's time, money, etc. and to be dealt with or paid for before other people or things
The children always have first call on her time.
她的时间总是先花在孩子们身上。
I'll be on call the night of the party.
在聚会的晚上我将随时听凭召唤。
(be) on call
(尤指紧急情况下)随叫随到available for work if necessary, especially in an emergency
I'll be on call the night of the party.
在聚会的晚上我将随时听凭召唤。

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