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case

美 [keɪs]
英 [keɪs]
  • n.病例;实例;箱;事例
  • v.包;观察;把…装入箱内[袋内];把…插入鞘内
  • abbr.(=computer-aided software engineering)【计】计算机辅助软件工程
  • 网络案例;工程案例;情况
复数:cases  现在分词:casing  过去式:cased  
case
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n.
情况situation
1.
[c]
具体情况;事例;实例a particular situation or a situation of a particular type
In some cases people have had to wait several weeks for an appointment.
在某些情况下,人们必须等上好几周才能得到约见。
The company only dismisses its employees in cases of gross misconduct.
这家公司只有在雇员严重渎职时才予以解聘。
It's a classic case(= a very typical case) of bad planning.
这是计划不当的一个典型事例。
2.
[sing]
~ (that…)
实情;事实the true situation
If that is the case(= if the situation described is true) , we need more staff.
如果真是那样,那我们就需要更多的员工了。
It is simply not the case that prison conditions are improving.
监狱条件得到改善的情况绝非事实。
3.
[c][ususing]
特殊情况a situation that relates to a particular person or thing
In your case, we are prepared to be lenient.
根据你的情况,我们可以从宽处理。
I cannot make an exception in your case(= for you and not for others) .
我不能对你破例。
Every application will be decided on a case-by-case basis(= each one will be considered separately) .
各项申请将根据各自情况逐一审定。
警方调查police investigation
4.
[c]
(尤指警方)侦查的案情,调查的案件a matter that is being officially investigated, especially by the police
a murder case
谋杀案
a case of theft
盗窃案
法院in court
5.
[c]
待裁决的案件a question to be decided in court
The case will be heard next week.
此案下周审理。
a court case
诉讼案件
to win/lose a case
胜诉;败诉
论据arguments
6.
[c][ususing]
~ (for/against sth)
(在审判、讨论等中支持一方的)论据,理由,辩词a set of facts or arguments that support one side in a trial, a discussion, etc.
the case for the defence/prosecution
有利于被告╱原告的论据
Our lawyer didn't think we had a case(= had enough good arguments to win in a court of law) .
我们的律师认为我们论据不足,无法赢得官司。
the case for/against private education
赞成╱反对实行私立学校教育的理由
The report makes out a strong case(= gives good arguments) for spending more money on hospitals.
报告充分阐明了增加医院经费的理由。
You will each be given the chance to state your case .
你们每人都有机会陈述理由。
容器container
7.
[c]
容器;箱;盒;套;罩;容器及内装物;(容器的)容量a container or covering used to protect or store things; a container with its contents or the amount that it contains
a pencil case
铅笔盒
a jewellery case
首饰盒
a packing case(= a large wooden box for packing things in)
包装箱
The museum was full of stuffed animals in glass cases.
博物馆摆满了放在玻璃柜里的动物标本。
a case(= 12 bottles) of champagne
一箱(12 瓶)香槟酒
疾病of disease
8.
[c]
病例;病案;病人;伤员the fact of sb having a disease or an injury; a person suffering from a disease or an injury
a severe case of typhoid
伤寒重病例
The most serious cases were treated at the scene of the accident.
受伤最严重的人在事故现场就得到了救治。
person
9.
[c]
(需特别对待或注意的)人a person who needs, or is thought to need, special treatment or attention
He's a hopeless case.
他是无可救药了。
语法grammar
10.
[c][u]
格(某些语言中表示名词、形容词或代词与另一词关系的形式)the form of a noun, an adjective or a pronoun in some languages, that shows its relationship to another word
the nominative/accusative/genitive case
主格;宾格;所有格
Latin nouns have case, number and gender.
拉丁语名词有格、数和性。
IDM
There may be an announcement about this tomorrow─or not, as the case may be.
这件事明天可能有个声明,也可能没有,那要看情况了。
as the case may be
根据具体情况;视情况而定used to say that one of two or more possibilities is true, but which one is true depends on the circumstances
There may be an announcement about this tomorrow─or not, as the case may be.
这件事明天可能有个声明,也可能没有,那要看情况了。
She's always on my case about cleaning my room.
她老是对我的房间需要打扫的事指责个没完。
be on sbs case
(informal)
不停地指责某人to criticize sb all the time
She's always on my case about cleaning my room.
她老是对我的房间需要打扫的事指责个没完。
We have two agents on the case.
我们有两名探员在侦察此案。
be on the case
处理事件(尤指刑事侦查)to be dealing with a particular matter, especially a criminal investigation
We have two agents on the case.
我们有两名探员在侦察此案。
get off my case
(informal)
别再批评我used to tell sb to stop criticizing you
a case in point
明证;恰当的例证a clear example of the problem, situation, etc. that is being discussed
There's no point complaining now─we're leaving tomorrow in any case.
现在抱怨毫无意义,不管怎样我们明天都要离开。
in any case
无论如何;不管怎样whatever happens or may have happened
There's no point complaining now─we're leaving tomorrow in any case.
现在抱怨毫无意义,不管怎样我们明天都要离开。
You'd better take the keys in case I'm out.
你最好带上钥匙以防我不在家。
You probably won't need to call─but take my number, just in case.
你很可能无需打电话,不过还是记下我的电话号码吧,以防万一。
In case(= if it is true that) you're wondering why Jo's here─let me explain…
我来解释一下吧,免得你奇怪乔为什么在这儿。
(just) in case (…)
以防;以防万一because of the possibility of sth happening
You'd better take the keys in case I'm out.
你最好带上钥匙以防我不在家。
You probably won't need to call─but take my number, just in case.
你很可能无需打电话,不过还是记下我的电话号码吧,以防万一。
In case(= if it is true that) you're wondering why Jo's here─let me explain…
我来解释一下吧,免得你奇怪乔为什么在这儿。
In case of fire, ring the alarm bell.
如遇火警,即按警铃。
in case of sth
如果;假使if sth happens
In case of fire, ring the alarm bell.
如遇火警,即按警铃。
‘I've made up my mind.’ ‘In that case, there's no point discussing it.’
“我已经拿定主意。”“ 既然如此,讨论这件事就毫无意义了。”
in that case
既然那样;假使那样的话if that happens or has happened; if that is the situation
‘I've made up my mind.’ ‘In that case, there's no point discussing it.’
“我已经拿定主意。”“ 既然如此,讨论这件事就毫无意义了。”
v.
IDM
case the joint
(informal)
(为日后行窃)踩点,踩道,探路to look carefully around a building so that you can plan how to steal things from it at a later time

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