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catch

美 [kætʃ]
英 [kætʃ]
  • v.抓住;捕捉;捕获;接住
  • n.接(球等);总捕获量;扣拴物;扣件
  • adj.有趣味的;设有圈套的
  • 网络赶上;捉住
过去式:caught  第三人称单数:catches  现在分词:catching  
catch
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v.
接住hold
1.
[t]
~ sth
接住;截住;拦住to stop and hold a moving object, especially in your hands
She managed to catch the keys as they fell.
她接住了落下的钥匙。
‘Throw me over that towel, will you?’ ‘OK. Catch!’
“请你把毛巾扔过来好吗?”“好,接住!”
The dog caught the stick in its mouth.
狗衔住了木棍。
2.
[t]
~ sth
接(落下的液体)to hold a liquid when it falls
The roof was leaking and I had to use a bucket to catch the drips.
屋顶漏雨,我不得不用桶来接。
3.
[t]
~ sb/sth (+ adv./prep.)
抓住;握住to take hold of sb/sth
He caught hold of her arm as she tried to push past him.
她试图从他身边挤过去时,他一把抓住了她的手臂。
捉住capture
4.
[t]
~ sb/sth
逮住;捕捉;捕获to capture a person or an animal that tries or would try to escape
The murderer was never caught.
这个杀人犯一直未抓到。
Our cat is hopeless at catching mice.
我们的猫绝对捉不到老鼠。
How many fish did you catch?
你捕到几条鱼?
某人正做某事sb doing sth
5.
[t]
当场发现(或发觉)to find or discover sb doing sth, especially sth wrong
I caught her smoking in the bathroom.
我撞见她在盥洗室里抽烟。
You wouldn't catch me working(= I would never work) on a Sunday!
你绝对不会看到我在星期日工作!
She caught herself wondering whether she had made a mistake.
她发觉自己在怀疑是否犯了错误。
He was caught with bomb-making equipment in his home.
他被发现家里藏有制造炸弹的设备。
Mark walked in and caught them at it(= in the act of doing sth wrong) .
马克走了进去,当场发现他们正在干坏事。
thieves caught in the act
偷窃时被当场抓住的窃贼
You've caught me at a bad time(= at a time when I am busy) .
你现在来找我可不是时候。
公共汽车;火车;飞机bus/train/plane
6.
[t]
~ sth
赶上(公共汽车、火车、飞机等)to be in time for a bus, train, plane, etc. and get on it
We caught the 12.15 from Oxford.
我们赶上了 12:15 从牛津发出的火车。
I must go─I have a train to catch.
我得走了,我要赶火车。
及时be in time
7.
[t]
~ sb/sth
及时做(或谈等)to be in time to do sth, talk to sb, etc.
I caught him just as he was leaving the building.
他正要离开大楼时,我追上了他。
I was hoping to catch you at home(= to telephone you at home when you were there) .
我本希望赶上你在家的时候给你打电话。
The illness can be treated provided it's caught(= discovered) early enough.
此病若及早发现是可医治的。
to catch the post(= post letters before the box is emptied)
(寄信)赶上邮局的收信时刻
Bye for now! I'll catch you later(= speak to you again later) .
再见!下次再谈。
看见;听到see/hear
8.
[t]
(informal)
~ sth
看见;听到;出席;参加to see or hear sth; to attend sth
Let's eat now and maybe we could catch a movie later.
咱们现在就吃吧,也许还能赶上一场电影。
意外地发生happen unexpectedly
9.
[t]
~ sb
突然遭受to happen unexpectedly and put sb in a difficult situation
His arrival caught me by surprise .
他的到来让我感到意外。
She got caught in a thunderstorm.
她遇上了雷雨。
疾病illness
10.
[t]
得病;染疾to get an illness
to catch measles
染上麻疹
I think I must have caught this cold from you.
我的感冒想必是你传染的。
被缠住become stuck
11.
[i][t]
(被)钩住,夹住,绊住to become stuck in or on sth; to make sth become stuck
Her dress caught on a nail.
她的连衣裙被钉子钩住了。
He caught his thumb in the door.
他的拇指被门夹住了。
hit
12.
[t]
击中;打to hit sb/sth
The stone caught him on the side of the head.
他头的侧面被石头击中。
She caught him a blow on the chin.
她一拳打在他下巴上。
注意到notice
13.
[t]
~ sth
察觉;瞥见to notice sth only for a moment
She caught sight of a car in the distance.
她瞥见远处有一辆车。
He caught a glimpse of himself in the mirror.
他看了一眼镜子中的自己。
I caught a look of surprise on her face.
我发现她面露惊奇。
He caught a whiff of her perfume.
他闻到一股她身上的香水味。
听见;理解hear/understand
14.
[t]
~ sth
听清楚;领会to hear or understand sth
Sorry, I didn't quite catch what you said.
对不起,我没听清楚你的话。
兴趣interest
15.
[t]
~ sb's interest, imagination, attention, etc.
引起,激发(兴趣、想象、注意等)if sthcatches your interest, etc., you notice it and feel interested in it
逼真地显示show accurately
16.
[t]
~ sth
逼真再现;准确描绘to show or describe sth accurately
The artist has caught her smile perfectly.
艺术家完美地捕捉到她的微笑。
light
17.
[t]
~ sth
(光)照射;受到(光的)照射if sthcatches the light or the lightcatches it, the light shines on it and makes it shine too
The knife gleamed as it caught the light .
刀在光照下闪闪发亮。
太阳the sun
18.
[t]
(informal)
~ the sun
晒黑;晒红;晒成棕色if youcatch the sun , you become red or brown because of spending time in the sun
燃烧burn
19.
[t][i]
~ (fire)
烧着;着(火)to begin to burn
The wooden rafters caught fire.
木椽子着火了。
These logs are wet: they won't catch.
这些木柴是湿的,烧不着。
板球in cricket
20.
[t]
~ sb
(在球落地前)接住球to make a player unable to continue batting by catching the ball they have hit before it touches the ground
IDM
catch your breath
(由于恐惧、震惊等)屏息,屏气to stop breathing for a moment because of fear, shock, etc.
(跑或激烈运动后)喘口气to breathe normally again after running or doing some tiring exercise
catch your death (of cold)
(informal)
患重感冒to catch a very bad cold
Can you catch the waiter's eye?
你能引起服务员的注意吗?
catch sbs eye
引起某人注意;惹人注目to attract sb's attention
Can you catch the waiter's eye?
你能引起服务员的注意吗?
If your dad finds out you'll really catch it!
要是你老爸知道了,你非挨骂不可!
catch it
(informal)
受罚;受斥责to be punished or spoken to angrily about sth
If your dad finds out you'll really catch it!
要是你老爸知道了,你非挨骂不可!
catch sb napping
使人措手不及;乘其不备to get an advantage over sb by doing sth when they are not expecting it and not ready for it
catch sb on the hop
(informal)
使某人措手不及to surprise sb by doing sth when they are not expecting it and not ready for it
catch sb red-handed
当场抓住;现场捕获to catch sb in the act of doing sth wrong or committing a crime
catch sb with their pants down
(informal)
使突陷窘境;乘人措手不及;出其不意;冷不防to arrive or do sth when sb is not expecting it and not ready, especially when they are in an embarrassing situation
n.
of ball
1.
[c]
接(球等)an act of catching sth, for example a ball
to make a catch
接球
捕获量amount caught
2.
[c]
总捕获量the total amount of things that are caught
a huge catch of fish
捕获大量的鱼
固着装置fastening
3.
[c]
扣拴物;扣件a device used for fastening sth
a catch on the door
门闩
safety catches for the windows
安全窗钩
困难difficulty
4.
[c][ususing]
(informal)
隐藏的困难;暗藏的不利因素a hidden difficulty or disadvantage
All that money for two hours' work─what's the catch?
干了两小时的活就给那么多钱,这里面有什么鬼?
儿童游戏child's game
5.
[u]
(儿童)传接球游戏a child's game in which two people throw a ball to each other
person
6.
[sing]
理想的对象;意中人;雇用的好对象;看中的人a person that other people see as a good person to marry, employ, etc.
IDM
I can't get a job because I haven't got anywhere to live but I can't afford a place to live until I get a job─it's a catch-22 situation.
我没有住所就找不到工作,但是没有工作就没钱租房子,这真是左右为难。
(a) catch-22|a catch-22 situation
(informal)
进退维谷的局面a difficult situation from which there is no escape because you need to do one thing before doing a second, but you need to do the second thing before you can do the first
I can't get a job because I haven't got anywhere to live but I can't afford a place to live until I get a job─it's a catch-22 situation.
我没有住所就找不到工作,但是没有工作就没钱租房子,这真是左右为难。

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