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charge

美 [tʃɑrdʒ]
英 [tʃɑː(r)dʒ]
  • n.收费;主管;指控;掌管
  • v.收费;充电;冲锋;指责
  • 网络费用;电荷;控告
第三人称单数:charges  现在分词:charging  过去式:charged  
charge
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n.
money
1.
[c][u]
~ (for sth)
(商品和服务所需的)要价,收费the amount of money that sb asks for goods and services
We have to make a small charge for refreshments.
我们得收取少量茶点费。
admission charges
入场费
Delivery is free of charge .
免费送货。
罪行;过失of crime/sth wrong
2.
[c][u]
(informal)
指控;控告an official claim made by the police that sb has committed a crime
criminal charges
刑事指控
a murder/an assault charge
谋杀罪的╱侵犯人身罪的指控
He will be sent back to England to face a charge of(= to be on trial for) armed robbery.
他将被遣返回英国面临持械抢劫罪的指控。
They decided to drop the charges against the newspaper and settle out of court.
他们已决定撤销对那家报纸的指控,在庭外和解。
After being questioned by the police, she was released without charge .
她被警察传讯后无罪释放。
3.
[c]
指责;谴责a statement accusing sb of doing sth wrong or bad
She rejected the charge that the story was untrue.
她否认了说她编造事实的指责。
Be careful you don't leave yourself open to charges of political bias.
你要小心别留下把柄,让人家指责你带有政治偏见。
职责responsibility
4.
[u]
主管;掌管;照管;职责;责任a position of having control over sb/sth; responsibility for sb/sth
She has charge of the day-to-day running of the business.
她负责掌管日常业务。
They left the au pair in charge of the children for a week.
他们把孩子留给做换工的照料一周。
He took charge of the farm after his father's death.
他在父亲去世后掌管了农场。
I'm leaving the school in your charge.
我这就把学校交给你掌管。
5.
[c]
被照管的人;受照料者a person that you have responsibility for and care for
electricity
6.
[c][u]
(电池的)充电量;(带电物质的)电荷the amount of electricity that is put into a battery or carried by a substance
a positive/negative charge
正电荷;负电荷
猛冲;攻击rush/attack
7.
[c]
突然猛冲;猛攻;冲锋a sudden rush or violent attack, for example by soldiers, wild animals or players in some sports
He led the charge down the field.
他带头沿着球场冲杀过去。
炸药explosive
8.
[c]
(射击或爆炸需要的)炸药量the amount of explosive needed to fire a gun or make an explosion
强烈感情strong feeling
9.
[sing]
感染力;震撼力the power to cause strong feelings
the emotional charge of the piano piece
那首钢琴曲扣人心弦的感染力
任务task
10.
[sing]
任务;责任a task or duty
His charge was to obtain specific information.
他的任务是收集具体的信息。
IDM
bring/press/prefer charges against sb
起诉;控告to accuse sb formally of a crime so that there can be a trial in court
get a charge out of sth
从…中得到快感(或快乐、乐趣)to get a strong feeling of excitement or pleasure from sth
v.
money
1.
[t][i]
收费;要价to ask an amount of money for goods or a service
What did they charge for the repairs?
他们收了多少修理费?
The restaurant charged £20 for dinner.
这家餐馆收了 20 英镑的餐费。
We won't charge you for delivery.
我们送货不收费。
Calls are charged at 36p per minute.
电话费按每分钟 36 便士收取。
He only charged me half price.
他只收我半价。
Do you think museums should charge for admission?
你认为博物馆应该收入场费吗?
The bank doesn't charge to stop a payment.
银行不收取停止付款的手续费。
2.
[t]
把…记在账上;在某人账上记入to record the cost of sth as an amount that sb has to pay
They charge the calls to their credit-card account.
他们用信用卡账户支付电话费。
Don't worry. I'll charge it(= pay by credit card) .
别担心,我会用信用卡付款的。
犯罪;过失with crime/sth wrong
3.
[t]
控告;起诉to accuse sb formally of a crime so that there can be a trial in court
Several people were arrested but nobody was charged.
有数人被捕,但均未受到起诉。
He was charged with murder.
他被指控犯有谋杀罪。
4.
[t]
~ sb (with sth/with doing sth)
指责;谴责to accuse sb publicly of doing sth wrong or bad
Opposition MPs charged the minister with neglecting her duty.
反对党议员指责这名女部长玩忽职守。
猛冲;攻击rush/attack
5.
[i][t]
猛冲;猛攻;冲锋to rush forward and attack sb/sth
The bull put its head down and charged.
公牛低下头猛冲过来。
We charged at the enemy.
我们向敌人发起冲锋。
6.
[i]
+ adv./prep.
向…方向冲去to rush in a particular direction
The children charged down the stairs.
孩子们冲下了楼梯。
He came charging into my room and demanded to know what was going on.
他冲进我的房间,要求知道发生了什么事。
with electricity
7.
[t]
充电to pass electricity through sth so that it is stored there
Before use, the battery must be charged.
电池使用前必须充电。
The shaver can be charged up and used when travelling.
这种电动剃须刀可充电供旅行使用。
职责;任务with responsibility/task
8.
[t]
赋予…职责(或任务);使…承担责任(或任务)to give sb a responsibility or task
The committee has been charged with the development of sport in the region.
委员会已被赋予在该地区发展体育运动的职责。
The governing body is charged with managing the school within its budget.
学校管理部门负有在预算范围内管理好学校的职责。
强烈感情with strong feeling
9.
[t]
~ sth (with sth)
使充满(…情绪)to fill sb with an emotion
The room was charged with hatred.
这个房间里充满了敌意。
a highly charged atmosphere
一触即发的紧张气氛
玻璃杯glass
10.
[t]
~ sth
注满(玻璃杯)to fill a glass
Please charge your glasses and drink a toast to the bride and groom!
请各位斟满酒杯向新娘、新郎敬酒!
gun
11.
[t]
~ sth
装(弹药)to load a gun

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