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cost

美 [kɔst]
英 [kɒst]
  • n.成本;费用;代价;花费
  • v.估价;需付费;价钱为;使丧失
  • 网络价格;价值;开销
复数:costs  现在分词:costing  
cost
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n.
1.
[c][u]
费用;花费;价钱the amount of money that you need in order to buy, make or do sth
the high/low cost of housing
住宅的高昂╱低廉费用
A new computer system has been installed at a cost of £80 000.
新的计算机系统已安装,费用为 8 万英镑。
The plan had to be abandoned on grounds of cost.
由于经费的原因此项计划被迫放弃。
We did not even make enough money to cover the cost of the food.
我们挣的钱甚至无法糊口。
Consumers will have to bear the full cost of these pay increases.
消费者将不得不承担增加工资所需的全部费用。
The total cost to you(= the amount you have to pay) is £3 000.
你总共要支付 3 000 英镑。
2.
[pl]
成本the total amount of money that needs to be spent by a business
The use of cheap labour helped to keep costs down.
使用廉价劳动力有助于降低成本。
to cut/reduce costs
降低成本
running/operating/labour costs
营运╱经营╱人工成本
We have had to raise our prices because of rising costs.
因为成本不断上涨,我们不得不提高价格。
3.
[u][sing]
(为做某事涉及的)努力,代价,损失the effort, loss or damage that is involved in order to do or achieve sth
the terrible cost of the war in death and suffering
这场战争造成的死亡与苦难的惨重代价
the environmental cost of nuclear power
核动力对环境的破坏
She saved him from the fire but at the cost of her own life(= she died) .
她从火中把他救了出来,却牺牲了自己的生命。
He worked non-stop for three months, at considerable cost to his health.
他连续不断地工作了三个月,大大损害了自己的身体健康。
I felt a need to please people, whatever the cost in time and energy.
我感到一定要使人们满意,耗费多少时间和精力都在所不惜。
4.
[pl]
诉讼费用the sum of money that sb is ordered to pay for lawyers, etc. in a legal case
He was ordered to pay £2 000 costs.
他被责令缴纳 2 000 英镑诉讼费。
IDM
You must stop the press from finding out at all costs.
你必须不惜一切代价阻止媒体查明真相。
at all cost/costs
不惜任何代价whatever is needed to achieve sth
You must stop the press from finding out at all costs.
你必须不惜一切代价阻止媒体查明真相。
He is determined to win at any cost.
他决心无论如何要争取胜利。
at any cost
在任何情况下;无论如何under any circumstances
He is determined to win at any cost.
他决心无论如何要争取胜利。
goods sold at cost
按成本价销售的商品
at cost
按成本;按成本价格for only the amount of money that is needed to make or get sth, without any profit being added on
goods sold at cost
按成本价销售的商品
He's a ruthless businessman, as I know to my cost.
我吃了苦头后才知道他是个无情的商人。
know/learn/find sth to your cost
付出过代价(或吃了苦头)才知道to know sth because of sth unpleasant that has happened to you
He's a ruthless businessman, as I know to my cost.
我吃了苦头后才知道他是个无情的商人。
v.
1.
需付费;价钱为if sthcosts a particular amount of money, you need to pay that amount in order to buy, make or do it
How much did it cost?
这东西要多少钱?
I didn't get it because it cost too much.
因为那东西太昂贵我没买。
Tickets cost ten dollars each.
每张票价为十元。
Calls to the helpline cost 38p per minute.
打服务热线每分钟为 38 便士。
Don't use too much of it─it cost a lot of money .
这东西很贵,不要用得太多。
All these reforms will cost money(= be expensive) .
所有这些改革都要花很多钱。
Good food need not cost a fortune(= cost a lot of money) .
好食物不一定要花很多的钱。
The meal cost us about £40.
这顿饭花了我们约 40 英镑。
This is costing the taxpayer £10 billion a year.
这要花费纳税人每年 100 亿英镑。
The hospital will cost an estimated £2 million to build.
修建这座医院估计要耗费 200 万英镑。
It costs a fortune to fly first class.
乘坐飞机头等舱要花一大笔钱。
2.
使丧失;使损失to cause the loss of sth
That one mistake almost cost him his life.
那一个差错几乎使他丧命。
A late penalty cost United the game(= meant that they did not win the game) .
临近终场点球得分使得联队输掉那场比赛。
The closure of the factory is likely to cost 1 000 jobs.
那家工厂一关闭,很可能 1 000 个工作岗位就没有了。
3.
~ sb sth
使付出努力;使做不愉快的事to involve you in making an effort or doing sth unpleasant
The accident cost me a visit to the doctor.
那事故害得我去看了一趟医生。
Financial worries cost her many sleepless nights.
她为钱发愁,许多夜晚无法入睡。
4.
[usupass]
估算成本;估价to estimate how much money will be needed for sth or the price that should be charged for sth
The project needs to be costed in detail.
这项工程需要作详细的成本估算。
Their accountants have costed the project at $8.1 million.
他们的会计师估算此项工程成本为 810 万元。
Have you costed out these proposals yet?
你估算过这些提案所涉及的费用吗?
IDM
That one mistake has cost him dear over the years.
那一个差错使他多年来付出了沉重的代价。
cost sb dear
使饱尝苦头;使付出沉重的代价to make sb suffer a lot
That one mistake has cost him dear over the years.
那一个差错使他多年来付出了沉重的代价。
There is a de luxe model available, but it'll cost you.
有豪华型的,但贵得很。
it will cost you
(informal)
贵得很;要花很多钱used to say that sth will be expensive
There is a de luxe model available, but it'll cost you.
有豪华型的,但贵得很。

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