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down

美 [daʊn]
英 [daʊn]
  • adv.下降;向下;下跌;降低
  • prep.沿着;顺着;往下;朝着
  • adj.沮丧;停机;情绪低落;悲哀
  • n.绒毛;软毛;汗毛
  • v.击倒;咽下;使倒下
  • 网络羽绒;下来;羽绒服
复数:downs  现在分词:downing  过去式:downed  
down
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adv.
1.
向下;朝下;在下面to or at a lower place or position
She jumped down off the chair.
她跳下椅子。
He looked down at her.
他低头看着她。
We watched as the sun went down.
我们看着夕阳西沉。
She bent down to pick up her glove.
她俯身去捡手套。
Mary's not down yet(= she is still upstairs) .
玛丽还没下楼呢。
The baby can't keep any food down(= in her body) .
这婴儿吃什么吐什么。
2.
(坐、倒、躺)下from a standing or vertical position to a sitting or horizontal one
Please sit down.
请坐。
He had to go and lie down for a while.
他不得不去躺一会儿。
3.
在较低水平;下降;下跌at a lower level or rate
Prices have gone down recently.
最近物价下降了。
We're already two goals down(= the other team has two goals more) .
我们已落后对方两球。
4.
(数量、力量、活动等)减少,减弱,降低used to show that the amount or strength of sth is lower, or that there is less activity
Turn the music down!
把音乐声关小点!
The class settled down and she began the lesson.
全班安静下来她便开始上课了。
5.
由上至下reading from top to bottom, not from side to side
I can't do 3 down.
我填不出第 3 个竖行。
6.
向南方;在南方to or in the south of a country
They flew down to Texas.
他们乘飞机南下去得克萨斯州了。
Houses are more expensive down south.
南边的房屋价格要贵些。
7.
(写)在纸上;(列)在表格上on paper; on a list
Did you get that down?
你写下来了吗?
I always write everything down.
我不管什么事情都记下来。
Have you got me down for the trip?
你把我列入这次旅行的名单了吗?
8.
(表示范围或顺序的限度)下至,直至used to show the limits in a range or an order
Everyone will be there, from the Principal down.
从校长下至每个人都将到场。
9.
失去(钱数)having lost the amount of money mentioned
At the end of the day we were £20 down.
一天下来我们少了 20 英镑。
10.
(钱)先付,预付if you pay an amount of moneydown , you pay that to start with, and the rest later
11.
(informal)
已完成数量(或进度)used to say how far you have got in a list of things you have to do
Well, I've seen six apartments so far. That's six down and four to go!
好啦,到目前为止我已看了六套公寓房。看完六套还有四套要去看呢!
12.
(informal)
到,去,在(当地的商店、酒馆等地方)to or at a local place such as a shop/store, pub, etc.
I'm just going down to the post office.
我正要到邮局去。
I saw him down at the shops.
我刚才看到他在那边的商店里。
IDM
It's down to you to check the door.
检查门是否关好是你的事。
be down to sb
(informal)
是某人的责任;由某人负责to be the responsibility of sb
It's down to you to check the door.
检查门是否关好是你的事。
She claimed her problems were down to the media.
她声称她的问题是媒体造成的。
be down to sb/sth
由…引起(或造成)to be caused by a particular person or thing
She claimed her problems were down to the media.
她声称她的问题是媒体造成的。
I'm down to my last dollar.
我只剩下最后一块钱了。
be down to sth
只剩下(一点儿钱)to have only a little money left
I'm down to my last dollar.
我只剩下最后一块钱了。
be/go down with sth
患…病;得…病to have or catch an illness
Down through the years this town has seen many changes.
多年来这座城镇发生了许多变化。
down through sth
在(相当长的一段)时间内during a long period of time
Down through the years this town has seen many changes.
多年来这座城镇发生了许多变化。
She organized everything down to the last detail.
她每件事情都安排得滴水不漏。
down to the last, smallest, final, etc. sth
非常详尽地including every small part or detail of sth
She organized everything down to the last detail.
她每件事情都安排得滴水不漏。
down under
(informal)
到,向,在(澳大利亚和╱或新西兰)to or in Australia and/or New Zealand
The crowds chanted ‘Down with NATO!’
人群有节奏地反复高喊“打倒北约!”
down with sb/sth
打倒used to say that you are opposed to sth, or to a person
The crowds chanted ‘Down with NATO!’
人群有节奏地反复高喊“打倒北约!”
prep.
1.
(从高处)向下,往下from a high or higher point on sth to a lower one
The stone rolled down the hill.
石头滚下山坡。
Tears ran down her face.
泪水顺着她的脸庞流下来。
Her hair hung down her back to her waist.
她的长发披在背上直垂腰际。
2.
沿着;顺着;朝着along; towards the direction in which you are facing
He lives just down the street.
他就住在街那头。
Go down the road till you reach the traffic lights.
沿着这条路一直走到红绿灯处。
There's a bridge a mile down the river from here.
从这里沿河而下一英里处有座桥。
3.
贯穿…时间;遍及…时期all through a period of time
an exhibition of costumes down the ages(= from all periods of history)
历代服装展览
v.
1.
~ sth
(一下子)喝下,吃下,咽下to finish a drink or eat sth quickly
We downed our coffees and left.
我们一口气喝完咖啡就离开了。
2.
~ sb/sth
使倒下;击倒to force sb/sth down to the ground
to down a plane
击落一架飞机
IDM
down tools
撂下工作;罢工to stop work; to go on strike
adj.
1.
(informal)
悲哀;沮丧;情绪低落sad or depressed
I feel a bit down today.
我今天有点闷闷不乐。
2.
停机;停止运行not working
The system was down all morning.
这系统整个上午都停机。
n.
— see also
downs
,
downy
1.
[u]
(鸟的)绒羽,绒毛the very fine soft feathers of a bird
duck down
鸭绒
2.
[u]
绒毛;软毛;汗毛fine soft hair
3.
[c]
档(进攻方每轮进攻共有 4 次机会向前累计推进 10 码,每次称 1 档。如果推进 10 码成功,则进攻方继续获得进攻机会;丢球或未能推进 10 码,则攻守互易)one of a series of four chances to carry the ball forward ten yards that a team is allowed. These series continue until the team loses the ball or fails to go forward ten yards in four downs .
IDM
have a down on sb/sth
(informal)
对…评价不好;瞧不起;厌恶to have a bad opinion of a person or thing

例句

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