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existence

美 [ɪɡˈzɪstəns]
英 [ɪɡˈzɪst(ə)ns]
  • n.存在;生活方式;实有
  • 网络生存;存在性;实在
复数:existences  
existence
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n.
1.
[u]
存在;实有the state or fact of being real or living or of being present
I was unaware of his existence until today.
直到今天我才知道有他这么个人。
This is the oldest Hebrew manuscript in existence .
这是现存最古老的希伯来文手稿。
Pakistan came into existence as an independent country in 1947.
巴基斯坦在 1947 年成为了独立国家。
a crisis that threatens the industry's continued existence
对这一行业的继续生存构成威胁的危机
2.
[c]
(尤指艰难或无聊的)生活,生活方式a way of living especially when this is difficult or boring
The family endured a miserable existence in a cramped apartment.
这家人在狭小的公寓里艰难度日。
We led a poor but happy enough existence as children.
我们儿时的生活虽然贫穷却过得很愉快。
They eke out a precarious existence(= they have hardly enough money to live on) .
他们勉强维持着朝不保夕的生活。
The peasants depend on a good harvest for their very existence(= in order to continue to live) .
农民靠丰收才能活命。

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