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give

美 [ɡɪv]
英 [ɡɪv]
  • v.给;交给;赠送;赠与
  • n.伸展性;弹性
  • 网络付出;给予;授予
过去式:gave  过去分词:given  现在分词:giving  第三人称单数:gives  
give
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v.
交给;提供hand/provide
1.
[t]
给;交给to hand sth to sb so that they can look at it, use it or keep it for a time
Give the letter to your mother when you've read it.
信看完后交给你母亲。
She gave her ticket to the woman at the check-in desk.
她把票递给了登机手续服务台的女服务员。
Give your mother the letter.
把信给你母亲。
They were all given a box to carry.
给了他们每人一个箱子让他们搬。
2.
[t][i]
赠送;赠与;送给to hand sth to sb as a present; to allow sb to have sth as a present
What are you giving your father for his birthday?
你打算送给你父亲什么生日礼物?
She was given a huge bunch of flowers.
有人给她送了一大束花。
Did you give the waiter a tip?
你给服务员小费了吗?
We don't usually give presents to people at work.
我们一般不给在职员工送礼。
They say it's better to give than to receive.
人们说施比受有福。
3.
[t]
(为某人)提供,供给,供应to provide sb with sth
They were all thirsty so I gave them a drink.
他们都口渴了,所以我给了他们一杯饮料。
Give me your name and address.
把你的名字和地址报给我。
We've been given a 2% pay increase.
我们获得了 2% 的加薪。
I was hoping you would give me a job.
我还盼望着你能给我份工作呢。
He was given a new heart in a five-hour operation.
经过五个小时的手术,给他移植了一颗新的心脏。
She wants a job that gives her more responsibility.
她想得到一份责任更大的工作。
Can I give you a ride to the station?
你搭我的便车去车站好吗?
They couldn't give me any more information.
他们不可能给我提供更多的信息。
I'll give you(= allow you to have) ten minutes to prepare your answer.
我会给你十分钟时间准备回答。
Don't give me any of that backchat(= don't be rude) .
别跟我顶嘴。
He gives Italian lessons to his colleagues.
他给同事们上意大利语课。
The reforms should give a better chance to the less able children.
这些改革应该给予能力较低的儿童更好的机会。
金钱money
4.
[i][t]
捐助;捐赠;捐款to pay money to a charity, etc., to help people
We need your help─please give generously.
我们需要您的帮助,请慷慨解囊吧。
They both gave regularly to charity.
他俩定期为慈善事业捐款。
I gave a small donation.
我给了一点微薄的捐助。
5.
[t]
(为获得某物或做某事而)支付,付款to pay in order to have or do sth
How much will you give me for the car?
你肯出多少钱买我这辆汽车?
I'd give anything to see him again.
只要能再见他一面我出多少钱都愿意。
I gave £50 for the lot.
我出 50 英镑一下全买了。
视为重要treat as important
6.
[t]
将(时间、精力等)用于to use time, energy, etc. for sb/sth
I gave the matter a lot of thought.
我反复思考过这个问题。
I gave a lot of thought to the matter.
我反复思考过这个问题。
The government has given top priority to reforming the tax system.
政府优先致力于税制改革。
惩罚punishment
7.
[t]
使受…惩罚to make sb suffer a particular punishment
The judge gave him a nine-month suspended sentence.
法官判处他有期徒刑九个月,缓期执行。
We discussed what punishment should be given to the boys.
我们讨论了该如何惩罚这些男孩。
疾病illness
8.
[t]
把(疾病)传染给to infect sb with an illness
You've given me your cold.
你把感冒传染给我了。
She'd given the bug to all her colleagues.
她把这种病毒传染给了所有的同事。
聚会;活动party/event
9.
[t]
~ sth
举办;举行if yougive a party, you organize it and invite people
10.
[t]
~ sth
表演;公开进行to perform sth in public
She gave a reading from her latest volume of poetry.
她朗诵了她最近出版的诗集里的一首诗。
The President will be giving a press conference this afternoon.
总统今天下午将举行记者招待会。
做;产生do/produce sth
11.
[t]
~ sth
(与名词连用描述某一动作,意义与该名词相应的动词相同)used with a noun to describe a particular action, giving the same meaning as the related verb
She gave a shrug of her shoulders(= she shrugged ) .
她耸了耸肩。
He turned to us and gave a big smile(= smiled broadly) .
他转身对着我们咧开嘴笑。
She looked up from her work and gave a yawn(= yawned) .
她停下工作抬起头来打了个哈欠。
He gave a loud cry(= cried out loudly) and fell to the floor.
他大叫了一声倒在地板上。
Her work has given pleasure to(= pleased) millions of readers.
她的著作给数百万读者带来了欢乐。
He gave her a kiss(= kissed her) .
他吻了她一下。
I have to admit that the news gave us a shock(= shocked us) .
我不得不承认这个消息让我们大为震惊。
We'll give you all the help we can(= help you in every way we can) .
我们将尽力帮助你。
12.
[t]
~ sb sth
使产生(某种感觉)to produce a particular feeling in sb
All that driving has given me a headache.
这一路开车让我头都痛了。
Go for a walk. It'll give you an appetite.
去散散步,你就有食欲了。
电话telephone call
13.
[t]
~ sb sth
给(某人)打(电话)to make a telephone call to sb
Give me a call tomorrow.
明天给我打个电话。
I'll give you a ring.
我会给你打电话的。
分数;等级mark/grade
14.
[t]
~ sb/sth sth.~ sth (to sb/sth)
给…评定(等级)to judge sb/sth to be of a particular standard
She had given the assignment an A.
她给这份作业打了个优。
I give it ten out of ten for originality.
因其创意我给它打满分。
预计多长时间predict how long
15.
[t]
~ sb/sth sth
预计将持续(…时间)to predict that sth will last a particular length of time
That marriage won't last. I'll give them two years, at the outside.
那桩婚姻不会持久,我看最多两年。
体育运动in sport
16.
[t]
~ sb/sth + adj.
裁定,判(球员或球所处位置)to say that a player or the ball is in a particular position
The umpire gave the ball out.
裁判员判球出界。
弯曲bend
17.
[i]
(在压力下)弯曲,伸长to bend or stretch under pressure
The branch began to give under his weight.
他身体的重量把树枝都压弯了。
We can't go on like this─ something's got to give .
我们不能继续这样了,肯定会出事的。
18.
[i]
让步;妥协to agree to change your mind or give up some of your demands
You're going to have to give a little.
你可能非得稍做让步不可。
IDM
大多数含 give 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 give rise to sth 在词条 rise 的名词部分。Most idioms containinggive are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example,give rise to sth is atrisen.
‘I didn't have time to do it.’ ‘Oh, don't give me that!’
“我没有时间做这事。”“哦,别以为我会相信你的鬼话!”
dont give me that
(informal)
(表示不相信对方说的话)别跟我来这一套,别以为我会相信你used to tell sb that you do not accept what they say
‘I didn't have time to do it.’ ‘Oh, don't give me that!’
“我没有时间做这事。”“哦,别以为我会相信你的鬼话!”
You're going to have to learn to give and take.
你们必须学会互相迁就。
to encourage a lively give and take
鼓励活跃的思想交流
give and take
互相让步;双方迁就to be willing, in a relationship, to accept what sb else wants and to give up some of what you want
You're going to have to learn to give and take.
你们必须学会互相迁就。
双方迁就;相互让步;互相忍让willingness in a relationship to accept what sb else wants and give up some of what you want
交谈;思想交流an exchange of words or ideas
to encourage a lively give and take
鼓励活跃的思想交流
She can give as good as she gets.
她能够给以回击。
give as good as you get
回敬;回击;以牙还牙to react with equal force when sb attacks or criticizes you
She can give as good as she gets.
她能够给以回击。
Give it up for Eddie Murphy!
给艾迪 ) 墨菲以掌声鼓励!
give it up (for sb)
(informal)
鼓掌表示支持(某人)to show your approval of sb by clapping your hands
Give it up for Eddie Murphy!
给艾迪 ) 墨菲以掌声鼓励!
We don't go out much. Give me a quiet night in front of the TV any day!
我们不常出去。我宁愿坐在电视机前安安静静地过一夜!
give me sth/sb (any day/time)
(informal)
我宁愿;我更喜欢;我宁可选择used to say that you prefer a particular thing or person to the one that has just been mentioned
We don't go out much. Give me a quiet night in front of the TV any day!
我们不常出去。我宁愿坐在电视机前安安静静地过一夜!
It'll take about three weeks, give or take a day or so.
这要花大约三周时间,出入不过一天左右。
give or take (sth)
相差不到;出入至多if sth is correctgive or take a particular amount, it is approximately correct
It'll take about three weeks, give or take a day or so.
这要花大约三周时间,出入不过一天左右。
I was given to understand that she had resigned.
我得知她已经辞职了。
give sb to believe/understand (that)…
使某人相信;使某人理解to make sb believe/understand sth
I was given to understand that she had resigned.
我得知她已经辞职了。
Ladies and gentlemen, I give you Geoff Ogilby!
女士们,先生们,我提议为杰夫 ) 奥格尔比干杯!
I give you…
我提议为(某人)干杯used to ask people to drink a toast to sb
Ladies and gentlemen, I give you Geoff Ogilby!
女士们,先生们,我提议为杰夫 ) 奥格尔比干杯!
I/Ill give you that
(informal)
我承认这事有理;我承认这是事实used when you are admitting that sth is true
what gives?
(informal)
发生了什么事;有什么消息what is happening?; what is the news?
n.
1.
[u]
伸展性;弹性the ability of sth to bend or stretch under pressure
The shoes may seem tight at first, but the leather has plenty of give in it.
这鞋刚开始穿时可能显得紧,但皮子的伸展性很好。
IDM
You're going to have to learn to give and take.
你们必须学会互相迁就。
to encourage a lively give and take
鼓励活跃的思想交流
give and take
互相让步;双方迁就to be willing, in a relationship, to accept what sb else wants and to give up some of what you want
You're going to have to learn to give and take.
你们必须学会互相迁就。
双方迁就;相互让步;互相忍让willingness in a relationship to accept what sb else wants and give up some of what you want
交谈;思想交流an exchange of words or ideas
to encourage a lively give and take
鼓励活跃的思想交流

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