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hard

美 [hɑrd]
英 [hɑː(r)d]
  • adv.努力地;艰难地;费力地;猛烈地
  • adj.坚固的;坚硬的;结实的;难做的
  • n.〈英〉硬海滩;〈英俚〉(囚犯的)强迫苦役
  • 网络困难;困难的
比较级:harder  最高级:hardest  
hard
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adj.
坚固;坚硬solid/stiff
1.
坚固的;坚硬的;结实的solid, firm or stiff and difficult to bend or break
Wait for the concrete to go hard.
等待混凝土凝结。
a hard mattress
硬床垫
Diamonds are the hardest known mineral.
钻石是已知的最坚硬的矿石。
不易difficult
2.
难做的;难懂的;难以回答的difficult to do, understand or answer
a hard choice/question
为难的选择;难以回答的问题
It is hard to believe that she's only nine.
很难相信她只有九岁。
It's hard to see how they can lose.
很难理解他们怎么会输。
‘When will the job be finished?’ ‘It's hard to say .’(= it is difficult to be certain)
“这项工作什么时候能完成?”“难说。”
I find his attitude very hard to take(= difficult to accept) .
他的态度让我难以接受。
We're finding reliable staff hard to come by(= difficult to get) .
我们觉得难以找到可靠的职员。
It's hard for old people to change their ways.
老年人难以改变他们的习惯。
It must be hard for her, bringing up four children on her own.
她一个人抚养四个孩子一定很艰难。
3.
困苦的;艰苦的;艰难的full of difficulty and problems, especially because of a lack of money
Times were hard at the end of the war.
战争后期生活很艰苦。
She's had a hard life.
她一生艰苦。
费力;用力needing/using effort
4.
耗费体力(或脑力)的;辛苦的needing or using a lot of physical strength or mental effort
It's hard work shovelling snow.
铲雪是个苦活儿。
I've had a long hard day.
我度过了漫长辛苦的一天。
5.
努力的;勤劳的putting a lot of effort or energy into an activity
She's a very hard worker.
她工作很卖力。
He's hard at work on a new novel.
他正努力忙着写一本新小说。
When I left they were all still hard at it(= working hard) .
我离开的时候他们都还在努力工作。
6.
用力的;猛烈的done with a lot of strength or force
He gave the door a good hard kick.
他狠狠踢了一下门。
a hard punch
砰的一拳
缺乏同情心without sympathy
7.
冷酷无情的;硬心肠的;苛刻的showing no sympathy or affection
My father was a hard man.
我父亲是个不讲情面的人。
She gave me a hard stare.
她狠狠地看了我一眼。
He said some very hard things to me.
他对我说了些很不近人情的话。
不畏惧not afraid
8.
(informal)
准备战斗的;不软弱退缩的ready to fight and showing no signs of fear or weakness
Come and get me if you think you're hard enough.
你要是觉得自己有种,就冲着我来吧。
You think you're really hard, don't you?
你是不是以为自己真的很勇猛?
事实;证据facts/evidence
9.
[obn]
确凿的;可证实的;可靠的definitely true and based on information that can be proved
Is there any hard evidence either way?
不管正反,有什么确凿证据吗?
The newspaper story is based on hard facts .
报纸的这篇报道有可靠的事实根据。
天气weather
10.
寒冷的;凛冽的very cold and severe
It had been a hard winter .
那年的冬天特别冷。
There was a hard frost that night.
那天晚上寒冷多霜。
饮料drink
11.
[obn]
酒精浓度高的;烈性的strongly alcoholic
hard liquor
烈酒
a drop of the hard stuff(= a strong alcoholic drink)
少许烈酒
water
12.
硬的(含钙及镁等可溶性盐较多)containing calcium and other mineral salts that make mixing with soap difficult
a hard water area
硬水区
Our water is very hard.
我们的水很硬。
辅音consonants
13.
硬音的(如字母 c 或 g 在 cat 或 go 等词中的发音)used to describe a letter <ei>c</ei> or <ei>g</ei> when pronounced as in ‘cat’ or ‘go’, rather than as in ‘city’ or ‘giant’
IDM
Don't be too hard on him─he's very young.
别对他太苛刻了,他还很小呢。
It's hard on people who don't have a car.
对于没有车的人来说,这不公平。
Looking at a computer screen all day can be very hard on the eyes.
成天盯着计算机屏幕可能会对眼睛造成严重损害。
be hard on sb/sth
严厉对待,严格批评(某人或某事)to treat or criticize sb in a very severe or strict way
Don't be too hard on him─he's very young.
别对他太苛刻了,他还很小呢。
使…为难;对…不公平to be difficult for or unfair to sb/sth
It's hard on people who don't have a car.
对于没有车的人来说,这不公平。
可能损伤,可能损坏(某物)to be likely to hurt or damage sth
Looking at a computer screen all day can be very hard on the eyes.
成天盯着计算机屏幕可能会对眼睛造成严重损害。
drive/strike a hard bargain
狠狠地杀价to argue in an aggressive way and force sb to agree on the best possible price or arrangement
They really gave me a hard time at the interview.
面试时他们确实是在难为我。
give sb a hard time
给某人找茬儿;使某人不好过to deliberately make a situation difficult and unpleasant for sb
They really gave me a hard time at the interview.
面试时他们确实是在难为我。
There are no hard and fast rules about this.
这事没有什么硬性的规定。
hard and fast
板上钉钉;不容更改that cannot be changed in any circumstances
There are no hard and fast rules about this.
这事没有什么硬性的规定。
(as) hard as nails
冷酷无情;铁石心肠;毫无惧色showing no sympathy, kindness or fear
hard cheese
(informal)
(常作反话)太不幸了,真够倒霉used as a way of saying that you are sorry about sth, usually ironically(= you really mean the opposite)
I'm finding his latest novel very hard going.
我觉得他最近的这部小说很晦涩。
hard going
难懂;费力difficult to understand or needing a lot of effort
I'm finding his latest novel very hard going.
我觉得他最近的这部小说很晦涩。
‘Failed again, I'm afraid.’ ‘Oh, hard luck.’
“恐怕我又失败了。”“哦,太不幸了。”
hard luck/lines
(表示惋惜)真遗憾,太不幸了used to tell sb that you feel sorry for them
‘Failed again, I'm afraid.’ ‘Oh, hard luck.’
“恐怕我又失败了。”“哦,太不幸了。”
She won't listen to my advice so she'll just have to learn the hard way .
她不肯听我的忠告,所以只好吃了苦头才知道厉害。
the hard way
通过痛苦的经历;通过出错by having an unpleasant experience or by making mistakes
She won't listen to my advice so she'll just have to learn the hard way .
她不肯听我的忠告,所以只好吃了苦头才知道厉害。
make hard work of sth
在某事上耗费过多时间(或精力);费冤枉力to use more time or energy on a task than is necessary
It looks like I'm the winner again. No hard feelings, Dave, eh?
看来我又赢了。你不会不高兴吧,戴夫?
no hard feelings
(向争论或打败的对方表示继续友好)别往心里去,别记恨used to tell sb you have been arguing with or have beaten in a contest that you would still like to be friendly with them
It looks like I'm the winner again. No hard feelings, Dave, eh?
看来我又赢了。你不会不高兴吧,戴夫?
play hard to get
(informal)
故作姿态;故意摆谱;佯装拿架子to make yourself seem more attractive or interesting by not immediately accepting an invitation to do sth
I can't be bothered making a hot meal─it's too much like hard work.
我懒得做热饭热菜,太麻烦了。
too much like hard work
太费力needing too much effort
I can't be bothered making a hot meal─it's too much like hard work.
我懒得做热饭热菜,太麻烦了。
adv.
努力with effort
1.
努力地;费力地;艰难地with great effort; with difficulty
to work hard
努力工作
You must try harder .
你得更加努力。
She tried her hardest not to show how disappointed she was.
她竭力不流露出自己有多失望。
Don't hit it so hard!
别这么用力打!
He was still breathing hard after his run.
他跑完步,现在还气喘吁吁的。
Our victory was hard won(= won with great difficulty) .
我们的胜利来之不易。
猛力with force
2.
猛力地;猛烈地with great force
Small businesses have been hit hard / hard hit by the recession.
小企业受到了经济衰退的沉重打击。
仔细carefully
3.
彻底认真地very carefully and thoroughly
to think hard
认真思考
We thought long and hard before deciding to move house.
我们经过长久慎重的考虑之后才决定搬家。
大量a lot
4.
沉重地;大量地;长时间地heavily; a lot or for a long time
It was raining hard when we set off.
我们出发时正下着大雨。
左;右left/right
5.
向左(或右)急转弯at a sharp angle to the left/right
Turn hard right at the next junction.
在下个路口处向右急转弯。
IDM
She has every right to feel hard done by─her parents have given her nothing.
她完全有理由觉得委屈,她父母什么都没给她。
be/feel hard done by
(informal)
受到不公平待遇;感到委屈to be or feel unfairly treated
She has every right to feel hard done by─her parents have given her nothing.
她完全有理由觉得委屈,她父母什么都没给她。
He was hard put to it to explain her disappearance.
他很难对她的消失作出解释。
be hard pressed/pushed to do sth|be hard put (to it) to do sth
很难做某事to find it very difficult to do sth
He was hard put to it to explain her disappearance.
他很难对她的消失作出解释。
We're hard up for ideas.
我们再想不出主意了。
be hard up for sth
某物匮乏to have too few or too little of sth
We're hard up for ideas.
我们再想不出主意了。
His death followed hard on hers.
她死后不久,他也死了。
hard on sth
紧接着very soon after
His death followed hard on hers.
她死后不久,他也死了。
He took his wife's death very hard.
他对妻子的死感到很难过。
take sth hard
为某事很苦恼(或难受)to be very upset by sth
He took his wife's death very hard.
他对妻子的死感到很难过。

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