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have

美 [həv]
英 [həv]
  • v.有;吃;让;得到
  • n.有钱人;(天然资源多的)富国;诈骗
  • auxv.与过去分词连用构成完成时
  • 网络拥有;具有;现在完成时
第三人称单数:has  现在分词:having  过去式:had  
have
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v.
拥有;持有own/hold
1.
~ sth
有;持有;占有to own, hold or possess sth
He had a new car and a boat.
他有一辆新车和一条船。
Have you got a job yet?
你有工作了吗?
I don't have that much money on me.
我身上没带那么多钱。
She's got a BA in English.
她有英语学士学位。
由…组成consist of
2.
~ sth
由…组成be made up of
In 2008 the party had 10 000 members.
这个党在 2008 年时拥有 1 万名党员。
性质;特征quality/feature
3.
显示出,带有(性质、特征)to show a quality or feature
The ham had a smoky flavour.
这火腿散发着一种烟熏的香味。
The house has gas-fired central heating.
这所房子有燃气中央供暖系统。
They have a lot of courage.
他们勇气十足。
He's got a front tooth missing.
他有一颗门牙掉了。
4.
~ sth to do sth
(通过行动)表现出(品质)to show a particular quality by your actions
Surely she didn't have the nerve to say that to him?
她一定没有胆量跟他这样说吧?
关系relationship
5.
~ sb/sth
(表示关系)有used to show a particular relationship
He's got three children.
他有三个孩子。
Do you have a client named Peters?
你们有一位名叫彼得斯的客户吗?
可利用sth available
6.
~ sth
能用to be able to make use of sth because it is available
Have you got time to call him?
你有时间给他打电话吗?
We have no choice in the matter.
我们在这件事上别无选择。
应该;必须should/must
7.
~ sth
有责任(或义务)to be in a position where you ought to do sth
We have a duty to care for the refugees.
我们有义务关怀这些难民。
8.
须要,有必要(做某事)to be in a position of needing to do sth
I've got a lot of homework tonight.
我今晚有很多家庭作业要做。
I must go─I have a bus to catch.
我必须走了,我得去赶公共汽车。
抓住hold
9.
~ sb/sth + adv./prep.
抓住;握着;支承to hold sb/sth in the way mentioned
She'd got him by the collar.
她抓住了他的衣领。
He had his head in his hands.
他双手抱着脑袋。
放╱保持在某位置put/keep in a position
10.
~ sth + adv./prep.
使放在;使保持(在)to place or keep sth in a particular position
Mary had her back to me.
玛丽背对着我。
I soon had the fish in a net.
我不一会儿就网住了那条鱼。
感觉;思想feeling/thought
11.
~ sth
感到;想到to let a feeling or thought come into your mind
He had the strong impression that someone was watching him.
他强烈地感觉到有人在监视他。
We've got a few ideas for the title.
关于名称,我们有几种想法。
I've got it! We'll call it ‘Word Magic’.
我想到了!我们就叫它“文字魔术”吧。
illness
12.
~ sth
患病;得病;染病to suffer from an illness or a disease
I've got a headache.
我头痛。
经历experience
13.
~ sth
经受;经历;经验to experience sth
I went to a few parties and had a good time.
我参加了几次聚会,过得很愉快。
I was having difficulty in staying awake.
我正困得睁不开眼。
She'll have an accident one day.
她总有一天会出事的。
活动event
14.
~ sth
组织;举办to organize or hold an event
Let's have a party.
我们办一次聚会吧。
饮食;吸烟eat/drink/smoke
15.
~ sth
吃;喝;吸(烟等)to eat, drink or smoke sth
to have breakfast/lunch/dinner
吃早饭╱午饭╱正餐
I'll have the salmon(= for example, in a restaurant) .
我要一份鲑鱼。
I had a cigarette while I was waiting.
我等候时抽了一支烟。
做某事do sth
16.
~ sth
进行(活动)to perform a particular action
I had a swim to cool down.
我游了泳,凉快凉快。
to have a wash/shower/bath
洗一下;冲淋浴;洗澡
give birth
17.
~ sb/sth
生;生产to give birth to sb/sth
She's going to have a baby.
她快生孩子了。
效果effect
18.
~ sth
产生(效果)to produce a particular effect
His paintings had a strong influence on me as a student.
我当学生时,他的画对我产生过强烈的影响。
The colour green has a restful effect.
绿色使人感到宁静。
接收receive
19.
~ sth
收到;接到to receive sth from sb
I had a letter from my brother this morning.
我今天早晨收到了弟弟的一封信。
Can I have the bill, please?
请给我账单。
20.
~ sth
得到;接受;受到to be given sth; to have sth done to you
I'm having treatment for my back problem.
我正接受背部疾患的治疗。
How many driving lessons have you had so far?
你到目前为止上过多少节驾驶课了?
21.
~ sth doing sth
接受(某人行为的效果)to experience the effects of sb's actions
We have orders coming in from all over the world.
我们接到来自世界各地的订单。
让某事做成have sth done
22.
~ sth done
蒙受(他人所为的后果)to suffer the effects of what sb else does to you
She had her bag stolen.
她的包被偷了。
23.
~ sth done
让(他人)为你做(某事)to cause sth to be done for you by sb else
You've had your hair cut!
你理发了!
We're having our car repaired.
我们的车正在修理。
24.
要(或安排)(某人)做(某事)to tell or arrange for sb to do sth for you
He had the bouncers throw them out of the club.
他叫保安人员把他们轰出了俱乐部。
I'll have you know(= I'm telling you) I'm a black belt in judo.
你听着,我可是柔道黑带级高手。
She's always having the builders in to do something or other.
她总是让建筑工人到家里来干这干那。
允许allow
25.
允许;容忍to allow sth; to accept sth without complaining
I'm sick of your rudeness─I won't have it any longer!
你的无礼我已经受够了,我不会再容忍下去了!
We can't have people arriving late all the time.
我们不能允许有人总是迟到。
使处于某状况put sb/sth in a condition
26.
使处于(某状态);使做出(某种反应)to cause sb/sth to be in a particular state; to make sb react in a particular way
I want to have everything ready in good time.
我要求一切都得准时备妥。
He had his audience listening attentively.
他抓住了听众的注意力。
辩论in argument
27.
(informal)
~ sb
辩过;胜过to put sb at a disadvantage in an argument
You've got me there . I hadn't thought of that.
你把我问住了。我没想过这个。
sex
28.
~ sb
同(某人)性交to have sex with sb
He had her in his office.
他在他的办公室里和她搞上了。
欺骗trick
29.
[usupass]
(informal)
~ sb
欺骗;蒙骗to trick or cheat sb
I'm afraid you've been had.
恐怕你上当了。
客人guests
30.
[nopass]
~ sb/sth
(尤指短期在自己家中)照料,照看to take care of sb/sth in your home, especially for a limited period
We're having the kids for the weekend.
这个周末孩子们要到我们家来由我们照料。
31.
[nopass]
~ sb + adv./prep.
(在家中)招待,款待to entertain sb in your home
We had some friends to dinner last night.
我们昨晚请了几位朋友来家里吃饭了。
在一起be with
32.
~ sb with you
同(某人)在一起to be with sb
She had some friends with her.
她和几个朋友在一起。
工作for a job
33.
[nopass]
~ sb as sth
让,接受(某人承担任务)to take or accept sb for a particular role
Who can we have as treasurer?
我们让谁来主管财务?
IDM
大多数含 have 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 have your eye on sb 在词条 eye 的名词部分。Most idioms containinghave are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for examplehave your eye on sb is ateyen.
Let's have done with this silly argument.
我们结束这场无聊的争辩吧。
have done with sth
结束(不愉快的事)to finish sth unpleasant so that it does not continue
Let's have done with this silly argument.
我们结束这场无聊的争辩吧。
The car had had it.
这辆车无法修复了。
I've had it! I'm going to bed.
我太困了!我要去睡觉了。
When the truck smashed into me, I thought I'd had it.
那辆卡车撞上我时,我想这下完了。
Dad saw you scratch the car─you've had it now!
爸爸看见你把车身划了,这下可有你好受的了!
I've had it (up to here) with him ─he's done it once too often.
我受够他了,他这一次太过分了。
have had it
情形很糟;不能修复to be in a very bad condition; to be unable to be repaired
The car had had it.
这辆车无法修复了。
极度疲乏to be extremely tired
I've had it! I'm going to bed.
我太困了!我要去睡觉了。
毫无幸存机会;完蛋to have lost all chance of surviving sth
When the truck smashed into me, I thought I'd had it.
那辆卡车撞上我时,我想这下完了。
将吃苦头to be going to experience sth unpleasant
Dad saw you scratch the car─you've had it now!
爸爸看见你把车身划了,这下可有你好受的了!
无法继续容忍to be unable to accept a situation any longer
I've had it (up to here) with him ─he's done it once too often.
我受够他了,他这一次太过分了。
have it off/away (with sb)
同(某人)性交to have sex with sb
Rumour has it that we'll have a new manager soon.
据传我们即将有一位新经理。
have it (that…)
称…属实;说…是真的to claim that it is a fact that…
Rumour has it that we'll have a new manager soon.
据传我们即将有一位新经理。
It was no surprise when she left him─everyone knew he had it coming to him.
她离开了他,这丝毫不奇怪。大家都知道是他自己造成的。
have (got) it/that coming (to you)
活该;罪有应得to be likely to suffer the unpleasant effects of your actions and to deserve to do so
It was no surprise when she left him─everyone knew he had it coming to him.
她离开了他,这丝毫不奇怪。大家都知道是他自己造成的。
have it in for sb
(informal)
跟某人过不去to not like sb and be unpleasant to them
Everyone thinks he has it in him to produce a literary classic.
大家都认为他有能力写出一部文学名著。
You were great. I didn't know you had it in you.
你真了不起。我不知道你有这本事。
have it in you (to do sth)
(informal)
有能力(做某事)to be capable of doing sth
Everyone thinks he has it in him to produce a literary classic.
大家都认为他有能力写出一部文学名著。
You were great. I didn't know you had it in you.
你真了不起。我不知道你有这本事。
have (got) nothing on sb/sth
(informal)
不如;比不上to be not nearly as good as sb/sth
I tried to persuade her to wait but she wasn't having any.
我竭力劝她等一下,可她不肯听。
not having any
(informal)
不愿听,不愿相信(某事)not willing to listen to or believe sth
I tried to persuade her to wait but she wasn't having any.
我竭力劝她等一下,可她不肯听。
There's room in the cellar to store old furniture and what have you.
地下室有地方存放旧家具之类的东西。
what have you
(informal)
诸如此类的事物(或人等)other things, people, etc. of the same kind
There's room in the cellar to store old furniture and what have you.
地下室有地方存放旧家具之类的东西。
auxv.
1.
(与过去分词连用构成完成时)used with the past participle to form perfect tenses
I've finished my work.
我干完我的活儿了。
He's gone home, hasn't he?
他回家去了,对吗?
‘Have you seen it? ’ ‘Yes, I have/No, I haven't.’
“你看见了吗?”“是的,看见了╱没有,没看见。”
She'll have had the results by now.
她现在应该知道结果了。
Had they left before you got there?
你到那里时他们已经离开了吗?
If I hadn't seen it with my own eyes I wouldn't have believed it.
要不是亲眼看见了,我不会相信的。
Had I known that(= if I had known that) I would never have come.
要是早知道,我绝不会来的。

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