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history

美 [ˈhɪst(ə)ri]
英 ['hɪst(ə)ri]
  • n.历史;历史学;经历;历史(指过去发生的所有事情)
  • 网络历史记录;发展历程;历史沿革
复数:histories  
history
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n.
1.
[u]
历史(指过去发生的所有事情)all the events that happened in the past
a turning point in human history
人类历史的一个转折点
one of the worst disasters in recent history
近代史上最大的灾难之一
a people with no sense of history
一个没有历史感的民族
Many people throughout history have dreamt of a world without war.
历史上有很多人梦想过没有战争的世界。
The area was inhabited long before the dawn of recorded history(= before people wrote about events) .
早在有历史记载之前很久这个地区就有人居住了。
These events changed the course of history .
这些事件改变了历史的进程。
2.
[sing][u]
(有关某个地方、主题等的)发展史,历史the past events concerned in the development of a particular place, subject, etc.
the history of Ireland/democracy/popular music
爱尔兰╱民主╱流行音乐的历史
The local history of the area is fascinating.
这个地区的历史很有意思。
The school traces its history back to 1865.
这个学校的历史可以追溯到 1865 年。
3.
[u]
历史课;历史学the study of past events as a subject at school or university
a history teacher
历史老师
a degree in History
历史学学位
social/economic/political history
社会史;经济史;政治史
ancient/medieval/modern history
古代史;中世纪史;近代史
She's studying art history .
她正在研读艺术史。
4.
[c]
历史(指历史记载或历史传说)a written or spoken account of past events
She's writing a new history of Europe.
她正在写一部新的欧洲史。
She went on to catalogue a long history of disasters.
接下来她列举了一长串灾难。
5.
[sing]
~ (of sth)
(某人的)履历,经历;家族史;(某地的)沿革a record of sth happening frequently in the past life of a person, family or place; the set of facts that are known about sb's past life
He has a history of violent crime.
他有暴力犯罪的前科。
There is a history of heart disease in my family.
我家有家族心脏病史。
a patient's medical history
病人的病历

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