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hold

美 [hoʊld]
英 [həʊld]
  • n.抓;握;拿;支撑
  • v.拿着;抓住;抱住;托住
  • 网络保持;持有;握住
过去式:held held  过去式:held  过去分词:holden  第三人称单数:holds  现在分词:holding  
hold
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v.
手;双臂in hand/arms
1.
[t]
~ sb/sth (+ adv./prep.)
拿着;抓住;抱住;托住;夹着to carry sth; to have sb/sth in your hand, arms, etc.
She was holding a large box.
她提着一只大箱子。
I held the mouse by its tail.
我抓着耗子的尾巴倒提起来。
The girl held her father's hand tightly.
女孩紧紧地拉着她父亲的手。
He was holding the baby in his arms.
他抱着婴儿。
The winning captain held the trophy in the air.
获胜队的队长把奖杯高举到空中。
We were holding hands(= holding each other's hands) .
我们手拉着手。
The lovers held each other close.
这对恋人紧紧相拥着。
2.
[t]
~ sth
抱住,捂住,按住(受伤的身体部位等)to put your hand on part of your body, usually because it hurts
She groaned and held her head.
她呻吟着,用手抱住头。
位置in position
3.
[t]
使保持(在某位置)to keep sb/sth in a particular position
Hold your head up.
抬起头来。
Hold this position for a count of 10.
保持这个姿势别动,数到 10。
The wood is held in position by a clamp.
这木头用夹钳固定住了。
I had to hold my stomach in(= pull the muscles flat) to zip up my jeans.
我得把肚皮收紧才能拉上牛仔裤的拉链。
I'll hold the door open for you.
我会把门给你开着的。
支撑support
4.
[t]
~ sb/sth
支撑…的重量to support the weight of sb/sth
I don't think that branch will hold your weight.
我觉得那根树枝撑不住你的重量。
容纳;包含contain
5.
[t]
~ sb/sth
容纳;包含to have enough space for sth/sb; to contain sth/sb
This barrel holds 25 litres.
这只桶能盛 25 升。
The plane holds about 300 passengers.
这架飞机可容纳大约 300 名乘客。
监禁sb prisoner
6.
[t]
监禁;拘留to keep sb and not allow them to leave
Police are holding two men in connection with last Thursday's bank raid.
警方拘留了两名与上星期四的银行抢劫案有关的男子。
He was held prisoner for two years.
他被囚禁了两年。
控制control
7.
[t]
~ sth
守卫;控制to defend sth against attack; to have control of sth
The rebels held the radio station.
叛乱者占据了电台。
保持remain
8.
[i]
承受住;坚持住;保持原位to remain strong and safe or in position
They were afraid the dam wouldn't hold.
他们担心大坝会承受不住。
9.
[i]
保持不变to remain the same
How long will the fine weather hold?
好天气会持续多久?
If their luck holds, they could still win the championship.
如果他们的好运持续下去,他们仍能赢得冠军。
使持续keep
10.
[t]
~ sth
使(注意力或兴趣)持续不减;吸引住to keep sb's attention or interest
There wasn't much in the museum to hold my attention.
博物馆中没有很多让我感兴趣的东西。
11.
[t]
~ sth (at sth)
使保持同样程度(或比率、速度等)to keep sth at the same level, rate, speed, etc.
Hold your speed at 70.
保持 70 迈的速度。
12.
[t]
~ sth
保存;存储to keep sth so that it can be used later
records held on computer
存在计算机中的记录
Our solicitor holds our wills.
律师保存着我们的遗嘱。
We can hold your reservation for three days.
您的预订我们可以保留三天。
拥有own
13.
[t]
~ sth
拥有;持有to own or have sth
Employees hold 30% of the shares.
雇员持有 30% 的股份。
工作job
14.
[t]
~ sth
担任;任职to have a particular job or position
How long has he held office?
他任职有多久了?
纪录;称号record/title
15.
[t]
~ sth
获得;赢得to have sth you have gained or achieved
Who holds the world record for the long jump?
跳远世界纪录的保持者是谁?
She held the title of world champion for three years.
她保持了三年的世界冠军头衔。
意见opinion
16.
[t]
怀有,持有(信念、意见)to have a belief or an opinion about sb/sth
He holds strange views on education.
他对教育的看法不同寻常。
She is held in high regard by her students(= they have a high opinion of her) .
学生对她评价很高。
firmly-held beliefs
坚定的信念
17.
[t]
认为;相信to consider that sth is true
I still hold that the government's economic policies are mistaken.
我仍然认为政府的经济政策是错误的。
Parents will be held responsible for their children's behaviour.
父母将要对孩子的行为负责。
These vases are held to be the finest examples of Greek art.
这些花瓶被视为希腊艺术的最佳典范。
会议meeting
18.
[t][usupass]
~ sth
召开;举行;进行to have a meeting, competition, conversation, etc.
The meeting will be held in the community centre.
会议将在社区活动中心举行。
It's impossible to hold a conversation with all this noise.
噪音这么大,根本没法进行交谈。
道路;路线road/course
19.
[t]
~ the road
(尤指高速行驶时)平稳行驶to be in close contact with the road and easy to control, especially when driven fast
20.
[t]
~ a course
保持航线to continue to move in a particular direction
音乐in music
21.
[t]
~ sth
延长,继续唱(某音符)to make a note continue for a particular time
电话on telephone
22.
[i][t]
(打电话时)等待,不挂断to wait until you can speak to the person you have telephoned
That extension is busy right now. Can you hold?
分机现在占线。您能等一会吗?
She asked me to hold the line.
她要我别挂断电话。
停止stop
23.
[t]
~ sth
停下;不要做used to tell sb to stop doing sth or not to do sth
Hold your fire!(= don't shoot)
别开枪!
Hold the front page!(= don't print it until a particular piece of news is available)
把头版暂时空着!
Give me a hot dog, but hold the(= don't give me any) mustard.
给我来份热狗,但别加芥末。
IDM
大多数含 hold 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 hold the fort 在词条 fort 下。Most idioms containinghold are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for examplehold the fort is atfort .
The same argument does not hold good in every case.
同样的论点并非在所有的情况下都适用。
hold good
正确;适用to be true
The same argument does not hold good in every case.
同样的论点并非在所有的情况下都适用。
Hold it a second─I don't think everyone's arrived yet.
请稍候,我想人还没有到齐。
hold it
(informal)
稍等;别动used to ask sb to wait, or not to move
Hold it a second─I don't think everyone's arrived yet.
请稍候,我想人还没有到齐。
Once she gets on to the subject of politics there's no holding her.
她一谈起政治就滔滔不绝。
there is no holding sb
阻拦不住某人a person cannot be prevented from doing sth
Once she gets on to the subject of politics there's no holding her.
她一谈起政治就滔滔不绝。
n.
用手with hand
1.
[sing][u]
抓;握;拿;支撑the action of holding sb/sth; the way you are holding sb/sth
His hold on her arm tightened.
他把她的胳膊抓得更紧了。
She tried to keep hold of the child's hand.
她尽力拉住那孩子的手不放。
Make sure you've got a steady hold on the camera.
一定要拿稳相机。
体育运动in sport
2.
[c]
持;握;抓;抱;(尤指摔跤、打斗中的)擒拿法a particular way of holding sb, especially in a sport such as wrestling or in a fight
The wrestler put his opponent into a head hold.
那位摔跤手给对手来了个头部擒拿。
权力;控制power/control
3.
[sing]
~ (on/over sb/sth)
影响;权威;控制influence, power or control over sb/sth
What she knew about his past gave her a hold over him.
她知道他的过去,所以能够控制他。
He struggled to get a hold of his anger.
他竭力压制自己的怒火。
攀登in climbing
4.
[c]
支撑点(可手攀或脚踏的地方)a place where you can put your hands or feet when climbing
船;飞机on ship/plane
5.
[c]
货舱the part of a ship or plane where the goods being carried are stored
IDM
He caught hold of her wrists so she couldn't get away.
他抓住她的手腕,使她无法挣脱。
Lee got hold of the dog by its collar.
李拉住了狗的项圈。
Quick, grab a hold of that rope.
快,抓住那条绳子。
Gently, she took hold of the door handle and turned it.
她轻轻地握住门把手扭动了它。
catch, get, grab, take, etc. (a) hold of sb/sth
抓住;拿着;握着;握住to have or take sb/sth in your hands
He caught hold of her wrists so she couldn't get away.
他抓住她的手腕,使她无法挣脱。
Lee got hold of the dog by its collar.
李拉住了狗的项圈。
Quick, grab a hold of that rope.
快,抓住那条绳子。
Gently, she took hold of the door handle and turned it.
她轻轻地握住门把手扭动了它。
Where have you been? I've been trying to get hold of you all day.
你去哪了?我一整天都在找你。
get hold of sb
和某人联系;找到某人to contact or find sb
Where have you been? I've been trying to get hold of you all day.
你去哪了?我一整天都在找你。
I need to get hold of Tom's address.
我需要找到汤姆的地址。
It's almost impossible to get hold of tickets for the final.
几乎不可能搞到决赛的门票。
get hold of sth
找到所需要的东西to find sth that you want or need
I need to get hold of Tom's address.
我需要找到汤姆的地址。
It's almost impossible to get hold of tickets for the final.
几乎不可能搞到决赛的门票。
学会;理解to learn or understand sth
no holds barred
不加约束;没有限制with no rules or limits on what sb is allowed to do
She put her career on hold to have a baby.
她中断了事业以便生孩子。
The project is on hold until more money is available.
这项工程暂停,等到有更多的资金时再进行。
on hold
推迟;中断delayed until a later time or date
She put her career on hold to have a baby.
她中断了事业以便生孩子。
The project is on hold until more money is available.
这项工程暂停,等到有更多的资金时再进行。
(电话接通后)等某人接电话if a person on the telephone is puton hold , they have to wait until the person that they want to talk to is free
Panic took hold of him and he couldn't move.
他突然惊慌得动弹不得。
They got out of the house just before the flames took hold.
他们就在大火吞噬房子之前逃了出来。
It is best to treat the disease early before it takes a hold.
最好还是病向浅中医。
take (a) hold
开始完全控制;变得十分强大to begin to have complete control over sb/sth; to become very strong
Panic took hold of him and he couldn't move.
他突然惊慌得动弹不得。
They got out of the house just before the flames took hold.
他们就在大火吞噬房子之前逃了出来。
It is best to treat the disease early before it takes a hold.
最好还是病向浅中医。

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