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in

美 [ɪn]
英 [ɪn]
  • prep.参与;参加;穿着;进入
  • adv.进入;在内;上涨;在里面
  • n.执政党;〈美口〉入口;门路;提携
  • adj.流行的;时髦的
  • abbr.(=indium)【化】(铟)
  • 网络在……里面;输入端(inputs);用
复数:ins  
in
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prep.
1.
在(某范围或空间内的)某一点at a point within an area or a space
a country in Africa
非洲的一个国家
The kids were playing in the street.
孩子们在街上玩。
It's in that drawer.
它放在那个抽屉里。
I read about it in the paper.
我是在报纸上读到这事的。
2.
在(某物的形体或范围)中;在…内;在…中within the shape of sth; surrounded by sth
She was lying in bed.
她躺在床上。
sitting in an armchair
坐在扶手椅里
Leave the key in the lock.
把钥匙留在锁孔里。
Soak it in cold water.
把这东西浸泡在冷水里。
3.
进入into sth
He dipped his brush in the paint.
他把毛刷在涂料里蘸了蘸。
She got in her car and drove off.
她钻进汽车里,开走了。
4.
构成…的整体(或部分);包含在…之内forming the whole or part of sth/sb; contained within sth/sb
There are 31 days in May.
五月份有 31 天。
all the paintings in the collection
收藏品中的所有画作
I recognize his father in him(= his character is similar to his father's) .
我在他身上看到了他父亲的气质。
5.
在(某段时间)内during a period of time
in 2009
在 2009 年
in the 18th century
在 18 世纪
in spring/summer/autumn/winter
在春天╱夏天╱秋天╱冬天
in the fall
在秋天
in March
在三月
in the morning/afternoon/evening
在上午╱下午╱晚上
I'm getting forgetful in my old age.
我现在上了年纪,变得健忘了。
6.
在(某段时间)之后after a particular length of time
to return in a few minutes/hours/days/months.
几分钟╱几小时╱几天╱几个月后回来
It will be ready in a week's time(= one week from now) .
只需一周的时间就会准备好。
She learnt to drive in three weeks(= after three weeks she could drive) .
她花了三个星期就学会开车。
7.
在(某段时间)内for a particular period of time
I haven't seen him in years.
我有好些年没见过他了。
It's the first letter I've had in ten days.
这是我十天来收到的第一封信。
8.
穿着;戴着wearing sth
dressed in their best clothes
穿着他们最好的衣服
the man in the hat
戴帽子的男子
to be in uniform
穿着制服
She was all in black.
她穿着一身黑。
9.
(用以描述具体的环境)used to describe physical surroundings
We went out in the rain.
我们冒雨出去了。
He was sitting alone in the darkness.
他独自坐在黑暗中。
10.
(表示状态或状况)used to show a state or condition
I'm in love!
我恋爱了!
The house is in good repair.
这所房子保养得不错。
I must put my affairs in order.
我必须整理整理我的事务。
a man in his thirties
一名三十多岁的男子
The daffodils were in full bloom.
水仙花正盛开。
11.
参与;参加involved in sth; taking part in sth
to act in a play
参加演戏
12.
(显示工作或职业)used to show sb's job or profession
He is in the army.
他在军队服役。
She's in computers.
她从事计算机业。
in business
从商
13.
(显示某物的形式、形状、安排或数量)used to show the form, shape, arrangement or quantity of sth
a novel in three parts
分为三部的小说
Roll it up in a ball.
把它卷成一个球。
They sat in rows.
他们一排一排地坐着。
People flocked in their thousands to see her.
现场聚集了数以千计的人争相目睹她的丰采。
14.
(表示使用的语言、材料等)used to show the language, material, etc. used
Say it in English.
用英语说吧。
She wrote in pencil.
她用铅笔写的。
Put it in writing.
把它写下来。
I paid in cash.
我用现金支付。
He spoke in a loud voice.
他大声说话。
15.
关于;在…方面concerning sth
She was not lacking in courage.
她并不缺乏勇气。
a country rich in minerals
矿藏丰富的国家
three metres in length
三米长
16.
做…时;…发生时;当…时while doing sth; while sth is happening
In attempting to save the child from drowning, she nearly lost her own life.
她在抢救落水的儿童时,自己差点丧命。
In all the commotion I forgot to tell him the news.
在一阵混乱之中我忘了告诉他那个消息。
17.
(引出具某种品质的人的名字)used to introduce the name of a person who has a particular quality
We're losing a first-rate editor in Jen.
我们即将失去珍这位一流的编辑。
18.
(显示比率或相对数量)used to show a rate or relative amount
a gradient of one in five
五分之一的坡度
a tax rate of 22 pence in the pound
每英镑 22 便士的税率
IDM
She was fortunate in that she had friends to help her.
她很幸运,有一些朋友帮助她。
in that
原因是;因为for the reason that; because
She was fortunate in that she had friends to help her.
她很幸运,有一些朋友帮助她。
adv.
1.
在里面;在内contained within an object, an area or a substance
We were locked in.
我们被锁在里面了。
I can't drink coffee with milk in.
我不能喝加牛奶的咖啡。
2.
进入into an object, an area or a substance
She opened the door and went in.
她打开门进去了。
The kids were playing by the river and one of them fell in.
孩子们在河边玩耍时,其中一个落水了。
3.
在家里;在工作单位at home or at a place of work
Nobody was in when we called.
我们打电话过去时没有人在。
4.
在车站;在停靠站at the place where people can get on or off, for example the station
The bus is due in(= it should arrive) at six.
公共汽车应该在六点钟到站。
5.
收到;被投递到received
Applications must be in by April 30.
申请务必于四月三十日之前寄到。
6.
上涨;在最高点at or towards its highest point on land
Is the tide coming in or going out?
现在是涨潮还是落潮?
7.
当选elected
Several new councillors got in at the last election.
几位新政务委员在最近一轮选举中当选。
8.
轮上击球if a team or team member isin , they are batting
9.
(球)落在界内if the ball isin , it has landed inside the line
Her serve was just in.
她发的球刚好落在界内。
IDM
They were in at the start.
开始时他们在场。
be in at sth
某事发生时在场to be present when sth happens
They were in at the start.
开始时他们在场。
He's in for a shock!
他很快就会感到震惊的!
I'm afraid we're in for a storm.
看来我们就要遇到暴风雨了。
be in for sth
(informal)
即将经历,即将遭受(不愉快的事)to be going to experience sth soon, especially sth unpleasant
He's in for a shock!
他很快就会感到震惊的!
I'm afraid we're in for a storm.
看来我们就要遇到暴风雨了。
I'd like to be in on the plan.
我很想参与这项计划。
Is she in on the secret?
她知道这个秘密吗?
be/get in on sth
(informal)
参与;了解to be/become involved in sth; to share or know about sth
I'd like to be in on the plan.
我很想参与这项计划。
Is she in on the secret?
她知道这个秘密吗?
be (well) in with sb
(informal)
和…(十分)友好(很可能从中得到好处)to be (very) friendly with sb, and likely to get an advantage from the friendship
He was in and out of jail for most of his life.
他大半生的时间都是监狱的常客。
in and out (of sth)
时常出入going regularly to a place
He was in and out of jail for most of his life.
他大半生的时间都是监狱的常客。
adj.
— see also
in-joke
1.
[ubn]
(informal)
流行的;时髦的popular and fashionable
Purple is the in colour this spring.
紫色是今年春天的流行色。
Exotic pets are the in thing right now.
奇异的宠物眼下很时髦。
Short skirts are in again.
现在又时兴穿短裙子了。
n.
IDM
an in to sth
have an in with sb
对某人有影响to have influence with sb
the ins and outs of the problem
问题的来龙去脉
He quickly learned the ins and outs of the job.
他很快就掌握了工作的全部诀窍。
the ins and outs (of sth)
(尤指复杂或难的)全部细节,详情all the details, especially the complicated or difficult ones
the ins and outs of the problem
问题的来龙去脉
He quickly learned the ins and outs of the job.
他很快就掌握了工作的全部诀窍。

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