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leave

美 [liv]
英 [liːv]
  • v.离开(某人或某处);离开居住地点(或群体、工作单位等);遗弃;丢弃
  • n.假期;休假;准许;许可
  • 网络留下;离去;出发
过去式:left leaving  过去式:left  第三人称单数:leaves  现在分词:leaving  
leave
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v.
地方;人place/person
1.
[i][t]
离开(某人或某处)to go away from a person or a place
Come on, it's time we left.
快点,我们该走了。
The plane leaves for Dallas at 12.35.
飞机于 12:35 起飞前往达拉斯。
I hate leaving home.
我讨厌离开家。
The plane leaves Heathrow at 12.35.
飞机于 12:35 在希思罗机场起飞。
家;工作;学校home/job/school
2.
[i][t]
离开居住地点(或群体、工作单位等)to stop living at a place, belonging to a group, working for an employer, etc.
My secretary has threatened to leave.
我的秘书以辞职相要挟。
Some children leave school at 16.
有些学生 16 岁毕业。
妻子;丈夫wife/husband
3.
[t]
~ sb (for sb)
遗弃;丢弃to leave your wife, husband or partner permanently
She's leaving him for another man.
她要抛弃他去跟另一个男人。
以后要做的事sth to do later
4.
[t]
不立刻做;不马上处理to not do sth or deal with sth immediately
Leave the dishes─I'll do them later.
盘子先搁着吧,我等会儿再洗。
Why do you always leave everything until the last moment?
你怎么什么事都留到最后一刻才处理?
处于某种状态;在某地方sb/sth in condition/place
5.
[t]
使保留,让…处于(某种状态、某地等)to make or allow sb/sth to remain in a particular condition, place, etc.
Leave the door open, please.
请把门开着吧。
The bomb blast left 25 people dead.
那颗炸弹炸死了 25 个人。
Don't leave her waiting outside in the rain.
别让她在外边雨里等着。
Leave the rice to cook for 20 minutes.
把大米煮 20 分钟。
6.
[t]
使发生;造成,使留下为(某种结果)to make sth happen or remain as a result
Red wine leaves a stain.
红葡萄酒会留下污渍。
She left me with the impression that she was unhappy with her job.
她给我的印象是她不满意自己的工作。
I'm afraid you leave me no choice.
恐怕你没有给我选择的余地。
7.
[t]
留下备用(或销售等)to remain to be used, sold, etc.
Is there any coffee left?
还有咖啡剩下吗?
How many tickets do you have left?
你还剩下多少张票?
They are fighting to save what is left of their business.
他们在拼命抢救他们仅余的业务。
The only course of action left to me was to notify her employer.
我可以采取的唯一措施就是通知她的雇主。
8.
[t]
忘了带;丢下to go away from a place without taking sth/sb with you
I've left my bag on the bus.
我把包忘在公共汽车上了。
Don't leave any of your belongings behind.
别忘了带上自己的随身物品。
He wasn't well, so we had to leave him behind.
他身体不适,因此我们只好把他留下。
数学mathematics
9.
[t]
~ sth
剩余;余下to have a particular amount remaining
Seven from ten leaves three.
10 减 7 得 3。
死后after death
10.
[t]
~ sb
遗下(家人)to have family remaining after your death
He leaves a wife and two children.
他遗下妻子和两个孩子。
11.
[t]
(去世时)遗赠,遗留to give sth to sb when you die
She left £1 million to her daughter.
她遗留给女儿 100 万英镑。
She left her daughter £1 million.
她遗留给女儿 100 万英镑。
留给某人的责任responsibility to sb
12.
[t]
把…留交;交托;委托to allow sb to take care of sth
You can leave the cooking to me.
你可以把做饭的事交给我。
She left her assistant in charge.
她委托助手来负责。
Leave it with me ─I'm sure I can sort it out.
把这事交给我吧,我一定会解决的。
‘Where shall we eat?’ ‘I'll leave it entirely (up) to you(= you can decide) .’
“我们上哪儿吃去?”“我全交给你来决定好了。”
They left me with all the clearing up.
他们把什么都留给我来收拾。
I was left to cope on my own.
就剩下我一个人来单独对付。
递送deliver
13.
[t]
递送;递交;投递to deliver sth and then go away
Someone left this note for you.
有人给你送来了这张便条。
Someone left you this note.
有人给你送来了这张便条。
IDM
大多数含 leave 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 leave sb in the lurch 在词条 lurch 下。Most idioms containingleave are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for exampleleave sb in the lurch is atlurch .
Leave go of my arm─you're hurting me!
放开我的手臂,你弄痛我了!
leave go (of sth)
(informal)
松手;撒手;放开to stop holding on to sth
Leave go of my arm─you're hurting me!
放开我的手臂,你弄痛我了!
We'll never agree, so let's just leave it at that.
咱们不可能意见一致,所以这事就这样吧。
leave it at that
(informal)
别再说了;到此为止;就这样算了to say or do nothing more about sth
We'll never agree, so let's just leave it at that.
咱们不可能意见一致,所以这事就这样吧。
leave it out
(informal)
(让人停止做某事)行啦,就这样吧used to tell sb to stop doing sth
n.
1.
假期;休假a period of time when you are allowed to be away from work for a holiday/vacation or for a special reason
to take a month's paid/unpaid leave
带薪╱不带薪休假一个月
soldiers home on leave
回家休假的士兵
to be on maternity/study leave
休产假;脱产进修
How much annual leave do you get?
你们的年假有多长?
2.
准许;许可official permission to do sth
to be absent without leave
未经许可擅自离开
The court granted him leave to appeal against the sentence.
法庭准许他对判决提出上诉。
She asked for leave of absence(= permission to be away from work) to attend a funeral.
她请了假去参加葬礼。
IDM
by/with your leave
如蒙您允许的话;承蒙俯允with your permission
take leave of your senses
丧失理智;发疯to start behaving as if you are crazy
With a nod and a smile, she took leave of her friends.
她点头微笑着向朋友告辞。
take (your) leave (of sb)
告辞;辞别to say goodbye
With a nod and a smile, she took leave of her friends.
她点头微笑着向朋友告辞。
without a by your leave; without so much as a by your leave
擅自;未经许可;粗鲁地;无礼地without asking permission; rudely

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