生存状态state of living
生命the ability to breathe, grow, reproduce, etc. which people, animals and plants have before they die and which objects do not have
life and death
The body was cold and showed no signs of life .
My father died last year─I wish I could bring him back to life .
In spring the countryside bursts into life.
人命；性命；人的存活the state of being alive as a human; an individual person's existence
The floods caused a massive loss of life(= many people were killed) .
He risked his life to save his daughter from the fire.
Hundreds of lives were threatened when the building collapsed.
The operation saved her life .
My grandfather lost his life(= was killed) in the war.
Several attempts have been made on the President's life(= several people have tried to kill him) .
Is there intelligent life on other planets?
时期period of time
一生；终身；寿命；一生中的部分时间the period between sb's birth and their death; a part of this period
He's lived here all his life .
I've lived in England for most of my life.
to have a long/short life
He became very weak towards the end of his life.
Brenda took up tennis late in life .
He will spend the rest of his life(= until he dies) in a wheelchair.
There's no such thing as a job for life any longer.
She is a life member of the club.
in early/adult life
（某情景或工作的）一段生活经历a period of sb's life when they are in a particular situation or job
She has been an accountant all her working life .
He met a lot of interesting people during his life as a student.
They were very happy throughout their married life .
存在期；（某物的）寿命；有效期the period of time when sth exists or functions
The International Stock Exchange started life as a London coffee shop.
They could see that the company had a limited life(= it was going to close) .
In Italy the average life of a government is eleven months.
无期徒刑；终身监禁the punishment of being sent to prison for life; life imprisonment
The judge gave him life .
生活经历the experience and activities that are typical of all people's existences
the worries of everyday life
He is young and has little experience of life .
Commuting is a part of daily life for many people.
Jill wants to travel and see life for herself.
We bought a dishwasher to make life easier .
In London life can be hard.
In real life(= when she met him) he wasn't how she had imagined him at all.
Life isn't like in the movies, you know.
（某种方式的）生活the activities and experiences that are typical of a particular way of living
She enjoyed political life.
How do you find life in Japan?
个人生活；个人经历；个人生活某一方面的活动a person's experiences during their life; the activities that form a particular part of a person's life
He has had a good life .
a hard/an easy life
My day-to-day life is not very exciting.
a life of luxury
Her daily life involved meeting lots of people.
Many of these children have led very sheltered lives(= they have not had many different experiences) .
They emigrated to start a new life in Canada.
He doesn't like to talk about his private life .
She has a full social life .
articles about the love lives of the stars
活力；生命力；生气the quality of being active and exciting
This is a great holiday resort that is full of life .
（绘画的）模特儿，实物，实景a living model or a real object or scene that people draw or paint
She had lessons in drawing from life.
a life class(= one in which art students draw a naked man or woman)
传记story of life
生平事迹；传记a story of sb's life
She wrote a life of Mozart.
儿童游戏in children's games
（玩游戏者出局前几次机会中的）一次机会one of a set number of chances before a player is out of a game
He's lost two lives, so he's only got one left.