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life

美 [laɪf]
英 [laɪf]
  • n.生命;寿命;一生;终身
  • 网络生活;人生;生物
复数:lives  
life
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n.
生存状态state of living
1.
[u]
生命the ability to breathe, grow, reproduce, etc. which people, animals and plants have before they die and which objects do not have
life and death
生与死
The body was cold and showed no signs of life .
那躯体冰凉,显现不出有生命的迹象。
My father died last year─I wish I could bring him back to life .
去年我父亲逝世了,我要是能使他起死回生该多好啊。
In spring the countryside bursts into life.
乡村在春天生机盎然。
2.
[u][c]
人命;性命;人的存活the state of being alive as a human; an individual person's existence
The floods caused a massive loss of life(= many people were killed) .
洪水造成许多人丧生。
He risked his life to save his daughter from the fire.
他冒着生命危险从火中救出他的女儿。
Hundreds of lives were threatened when the building collapsed.
数百条性命在大楼垮塌时受到了威胁。
The operation saved her life .
手术挽救了她的生命。
My grandfather lost his life(= was killed) in the war.
我的祖父在战争中丧生。
Several attempts have been made on the President's life(= several people have tried to kill him) .
已有数人试图谋杀总统。
生物living things
3.
[u]
生物;活物living things
plant/animal life
植物;动物
marine/pond life
海洋╱池塘生物
Is there intelligent life on other planets?
在其他星球上存在具有智力的生命吗?
时期period of time
4.
[c][u]
一生;终身;寿命;一生中的部分时间the period between sb's birth and their death; a part of this period
He's lived here all his life .
他在这里住了一辈子了。
I've lived in England for most of my life.
我大半生都住在英格兰。
to have a long/short life
寿命长;寿命短
He became very weak towards the end of his life.
他临终时很虚弱。
Brenda took up tennis late in life .
布伦达在晚年打起网球来了。
He will spend the rest of his life(= until he dies) in a wheelchair.
他将在轮椅上度过他的余生。
There's no such thing as a job for life any longer.
不会再有像终身职位这样的事了。
She is a life member of the club.
她是这个俱乐部的终身会员。
in early/adult life
幼年;成年
5.
[c]
(某情景或工作的)一段生活经历a period of sb's life when they are in a particular situation or job
She has been an accountant all her working life .
她在整个职业生涯中一直是会计师。
He met a lot of interesting people during his life as a student.
他在学生时代接触过许多有趣的人。
They were very happy throughout their married life .
他们婚后生活一直很幸福。
6.
[c]
存在期;(某物的)寿命;有效期the period of time when sth exists or functions
The International Stock Exchange started life as a London coffee shop.
国际证券交易所起初就是伦敦的一家咖啡馆。
They could see that the company had a limited life(= it was going to close) .
他们意识到公司的寿命不长了。
In Italy the average life of a government is eleven months.
意大利每届政府的平均寿命是十一个月。
惩罚punishment
7.
[u]
无期徒刑;终身监禁the punishment of being sent to prison for life; life imprisonment
The judge gave him life .
法官判他无期徒刑。
经历;活动experience/activities
8.
[u]
生活经历the experience and activities that are typical of all people's existences
the worries of everyday life
日常生活中的操心事
He is young and has little experience of life .
他年轻,不谙世事。
Commuting is a part of daily life for many people.
乘车上下班是许多人日常生活的一部分。
Jill wants to travel and see life for herself.
吉尔想出去旅行,亲身体验一下生活。
We bought a dishwasher to make life easier .
为使生活轻松些我们买了一台洗碗机。
In London life can be hard.
在伦敦生活可能很艰苦。
In real life(= when she met him) he wasn't how she had imagined him at all.
一见面才发现他完全不是她所想象的那样。
Life isn't like in the movies, you know.
你知道,生活不像在电影里那样。
9.
[u][c]
(某种方式的)生活the activities and experiences that are typical of a particular way of living
country/city life
乡村╱城市生活
She enjoyed political life.
她喜欢政治生活。
family/married life
家庭╱婚姻生活
How do you find life in Japan?
你觉得日本的生活如何?
10.
[c]
个人生活;个人经历;个人生活某一方面的活动a person's experiences during their life; the activities that form a particular part of a person's life
He has had a good life .
他一直过着优裕的生活。
a hard/an easy life
艰难╱安逸舒适的生活
My day-to-day life is not very exciting.
我的日常生活很平淡。
a life of luxury
奢侈的生活
Her daily life involved meeting lots of people.
她在日常生活中要接触很多人。
Many of these children have led very sheltered lives(= they have not had many different experiences) .
这些儿童中很多人都是温室里的花朵。
They emigrated to start a new life in Canada.
他们移居加拿大,开始了新的生活。
He doesn't like to talk about his private life .
他不愿谈及他的私生活。
She has a full social life .
她的社交活动非常频繁。
articles about the love lives of the stars
有关明星爱情生活的文章
活力;兴奋energy/excitement
11.
[u]
活力;生命力;生气the quality of being active and exciting
This is a great holiday resort that is full of life .
这里生气勃勃,是一个绝妙的度假胜地。
艺术in art
12.
[u]
(绘画的)模特儿,实物,实景a living model or a real object or scene that people draw or paint
She had lessons in drawing from life.
她学了实物写生课程。
a life class(= one in which art students draw a naked man or woman)
人体写生课
传记story of life
13.
[c]
生平事迹;传记a story of sb's life
She wrote a life of Mozart.
她写了一部莫扎特的传记。
儿童游戏in children's games
14.
[c]
(玩游戏者出局前几次机会中的)一次机会one of a set number of chances before a player is out of a game
He's lost two lives, so he's only got one left.
他失去了两次机会,所以只剩下一次了。

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