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name

美 [neɪm]
英 [neɪm]
  • n.名称;名字;名声;名誉
  • v.命名;任命;给…取名;说出…的名称
  • adj.〈美口〉著名的;(作品等)据以取名的
  • 网络姓名;品名;产品名称
复数:names  现在分词:naming  过去式:named  
name
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n.
1.
名字;名称a word or words that a particular person, animal, place or thing is known by
What's your name?
你叫什么名字?
What is/was the name, please?(= a polite way of asking sb's name)
请问您叫什么名字?
Please write your full name and address below.
请将您的姓名和地址写在下面。
Do you know the name of this flower?
你知道这是什么花吗?
Rubella is just another name for German measles.
风疹只是德国麻疹的另一个名称。
Are you changing your name when you get married?
结婚时你要改姓氏吗?
2.
[ususing]
名誉;名声;名气a reputation that sb/sth has; the opinion that people have about sb/sth
She first made her name as a writer of children's books.
她最初是以儿童读物作家成名的。
He's made quite a name for himself(= become famous) .
他闯出了名气。
The college has a good name for languages.
这所大学的语言教学颇有名气。
This kind of behaviour gives students a bad name .
这种行为使学生们背上骂名。
3.
有…名称的;以…著名的;有…名声的having a name or a reputation of the kind mentioned, especially one that is known by a lot of people
a big-name company
著名公司
brand-name goods
名牌产品
4.
名人a famous person
Some of the biggest names in the art world were at the party.
一些艺术界的头面人物参加了聚会。
IDM
She asked for you by name.
她点名要找你。
The principal knows all the students by name.
校长能叫出所有学生的姓名。
I only know her by name(= I have heard about her but I have not met her).
我只是听说过她的名字。
by name
凭名字;用…的名字using the name of sb/sth
She asked for you by name.
她点名要找你。
The principal knows all the students by name.
校长能叫出所有学生的姓名。
I only know her by name(= I have heard about her but I have not met her).
我只是听说过她的名字。
a young actor by the name of Tom Rees
名叫汤姆 ) 里斯的年轻演员
by the name of…
名叫…的who is called
a young actor by the name of Tom Rees
名叫汤姆 ) 里斯的年轻演员
Have you entered your name for the quiz yet?
你申请参加这次问答比赛了吗?
enter sbs/your name (for sth)|put sbs/your name down (for sth)
申请参加;替…报名(入学、参赛等)to apply for a place at a school, in a competition, etc. for sb or yourself
Have you entered your name for the quiz yet?
你申请参加这次问答比赛了吗?
give your name to sth
用自己的名字命名所发明之物to invent sth which then becomes known by your name
go by the name of…
自称为…;假称是…to use a name that may not be your real one
He took my place and got killed. It should have been me─that bullet had my name on it.
他坐了我的位子而送了命。死的应该是我,那颗子弹是冲着我来的。
Are you coming for dinner this evening? I've got a steak here with your name on it!
今晚你来吃饭吗?我为你准备了一块牛排呢!
have your/sbs name on it|with your/sbs name on it
(informal)
是冲…来的;是为…准备的if sthhas your name on it , or there is sthwith your name on it , it is intended for you
He took my place and got killed. It should have been me─that bullet had my name on it.
他坐了我的位子而送了命。死的应该是我,那颗子弹是冲着我来的。
Are you coming for dinner this evening? I've got a steak here with your name on it!
今晚你来吃饭吗?我为你准备了一块牛排呢!
He runs the company in all but name.
他虽没有名分,却实际上在管理这家公司。
in all but name
(表示实际存在但未得到正式认可)在只缺正式名分情况下used to describe a situation which exists in reality but that is not officially recognized
He runs the company in all but name.
他虽没有名分,却实际上在管理这家公司。
What in God's name was that noise?
那噪音究竟是怎么回事?
Where in the name of Heaven have you been?
你到底上哪儿去了?
in Gods/Heavens name|in the name of God/Heaven
(尤用于疑问句,表示愤怒、惊奇或震惊)看在上帝的分儿上,到底,究竟used especially in questions to show that you are angry, surprised or shocked
What in God's name was that noise?
那噪音究竟是怎么回事?
Where in the name of Heaven have you been?
你到底上哪儿去了?
We reserved two tickets in the name of Brown.
我们用布朗的名字预订了两张票。
The car is registered in my name.
这辆车是用我的名字登记的。
I arrest you in the name of the law.
我依法逮捕你。
crimes committed in the name of religion
以宗教名义进行的犯罪活动
in the name of sb/sth|in sbs/sths name
为(某人);在…名下for sb; showing that sth officially belongs to sb
We reserved two tickets in the name of Brown.
我们用布朗的名字预订了两张票。
The car is registered in my name.
这辆车是用我的名字登记的。
凭…的权威;代表using the authority of sb/sth; as a representative of sb/sth
I arrest you in the name of the law.
我依法逮捕你。
以…的名义;以…为借口used to give a reason or an excuse for doing sth, often when what you are doing is wrong
crimes committed in the name of religion
以宗教名义进行的犯罪活动
He's party leader in name only.
他只是名义上的政党领袖。
in name only
名义上;有名无实officially recognized but not existing in reality
He's party leader in name only.
他只是名义上的政党领袖。
sbs name is mud
(informal)
某人臭名昭著used to say that sb is not liked or popular because of sth they have done
Hard work is the name of the game if you want to succeed in business.
要想生意兴旺,勤奋工作是关键。
the name of the game
(informal)
问题的实质;最为重要的方面the most important aspect of an activity; the most important quality needed for an activity
Hard work is the name of the game if you want to succeed in business.
要想生意兴旺,勤奋工作是关键。
Miyazaki is still a name to conjure with among anime fans.
宫崎在日本动漫迷中仍是一个大名鼎鼎的名字。
He comes from Tighnabruaich─now there's a name to conjure with!
他来自 Tighnabruaich,这个名字真够拗口的!
a name to conjure with
大名鼎鼎的人;重量级人物;影响巨大的事物a person or thing that is well known and respected in a particular field
Miyazaki is still a name to conjure with among anime fans.
宫崎在日本动漫迷中仍是一个大名鼎鼎的名字。
难记的名字;拗口的名字used when you mention a name that you think is difficult to remember or pronounce
He comes from Tighnabruaich─now there's a name to conjure with!
他来自 Tighnabruaich,这个名字真够拗口的!
I recognize the tune but I can't put a name to it.
这曲子我听过,但想不起叫什么了。
put a name to sb/sth
知道…的名称;记住…的称呼to know or remember what sb/sth is called
I recognize the tune but I can't put a name to it.
这曲子我听过,但想不起叫什么了。
Have you been taking my name in vain again?
你又在滥用我的名义吧?
take sbs name in vain
滥用…的名义;亵渎…的名字to show a lack of respect when using sb's name
Have you been taking my name in vain again?
你又在滥用我的名义吧?
an Olympic athlete with five gold medals to his name
夺得五枚金牌的一名奥林匹克运动员
She doesn't have a penny/cent to her name(= she is very poor) .
她身无分文。
(have sth) to your name
拥有;获得;收归某人的名下to have or own sth
an Olympic athlete with five gold medals to his name
夺得五枚金牌的一名奥林匹克运动员
She doesn't have a penny/cent to her name(= she is very poor) .
她身无分文。
under the name (of)…
用…名字;以…假名using a name that may not be your real name
v.
1.
命名;给…取名to give a name to sb/sth
He was named after his father(= given his father's first name) .
他的名字跟他父亲一样。
They named their son John.
他们给儿子起了个名字叫约翰。
2.
说出…的名称;叫出…的名字to say the name of sb/sth
The victim has not yet been named.
受害人的姓名仍未得知。
Can you name all the American states?
你能说出美国所有的州名吗?
The missing man has been named as James Kelly.
失踪者已被确认为詹姆斯 ) 凯利。
3.
~ sth
确定;说定;准确陈述to state sth exactly
Name your price .
给个价吧。
They're engaged, but they haven't yet named the day(= chosen the date for their wedding) .
他们订婚了,但还未确定结婚日期。
Activities available include squash, archery and swimming, to name but a few .
所设活动项目包括壁球、射箭、游泳等等,不一而足。
Chairs, tables, cabinets─ you name it , she makes it(= she makes anything you can imagine) .
椅子、桌子、橱柜,凡是你说得出的她都能做。
4.
任命;委任to choose sb for a job or position
I had no hesitation in naming him (as) captain.
我毫不犹豫地任命他为队长。
When she resigned, he was named to the committee in her place.
她辞职后,他被指定取代她进入委员会。
IDM
name and shame
公布行为不当或违法者的名单;公布黑名单to publish the names of people or organizations who have done sth wrong or illegal
name names
供出,说出(犯事者等)的名字to give the names of the people involved in sth, especially sth wrong or illegal

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