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need

美 [nid]
英 [niːd]
  • n.需要;必须;特别需要;迫切要求
  • v.需要;必需;(表示应该或不得不做)有必要
  • auxv.必须;She need not go. 这句话
  • modalv.(表示没有必要或询问是否有必要)需要
  • 网络需求;的用法;需要的
复数:needs  现在分词:needing  过去式:needed  
need
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v.
1.
需要;必需to require sth/sb because they are essential or very important, not just because you would like to have them
Do you need any help?
你需要帮忙吗?
It's here if you need it.
你要的话就拿去吧。
Don't go─I might need you.
别走,我可能要你帮忙。
They badly needed a change.
他们迫切需要变革。
Food aid is urgently needed.
迫切需要食物援助。
What do you need your own computer for? You can use ours.
你干吗还要自己买电脑?你可以用我们的。
I don't need your comments, thank you.
谢谢,我不需要你来评头论足。
I need to get some sleep.
我需要睡会儿觉。
He needs to win this game to stay in the match.
他得赢下这场比赛以免被淘汰出局。
You don't need to leave yet, do you?
你不必现在就走吧?
This shirt needs to be washed.
这件衬衣该洗了。
This shirt needs washing.
这件衬衣该洗了。
2.
~ to do sth
(表示应该或不得不做)有必要used to show what you should or have to do
All you need to do is complete this form.
你要做的就是填好这个表格。
I didn't need to go to the bank after all─Mary lent me the money.
我最终还是不必去银行了,玛丽借我钱了。
IDM
need (to have) your head examined
(informal)
发疯to be crazy
modalv.
1.
~ (not) do sth
(表示没有必要或询问是否有必要)需要used to state that sth is/was not necessary or that only very little is/was necessary; used to ask if sth is/was necessary
You needn't bother asking Rick─I know he's too busy.
你不必费神去问里克,我知道他太忙了。
I need hardly tell you(= you must already know) that the work is dangerous.
这工作很危险,这就不用我说了。
If she wants anything, she need only ask.
她想要什么东西,只要开一下口就行了。
All you need bring are sheets.
你需要带的就是床单。
You needn't have worried(= it was not necessary for you to worry, but you did) ─ it all turned out fine.
你本不必担心,一切都很顺利。
Need you have paid so much?
你用得着花那么多钱吗?
n.
1.
[sing][u]
需要;必须a situation when sth is necessary or must be done
to satisfy/meet/identify a need
满足╱迎合╱看出某种需要
There is an urgent need for qualified teachers.
迫切需要合格教师。
We will contact you again if the need arises.
如果有必要,我们会再次和你联系。
The house is in need of a thorough clean.
这房子需要来个大扫除。
There is no need for you to get up early tomorrow.
你明天不必早起。
I had no need to open the letter─I knew what it would say.
我没必要拆开那封信,我知道里面会说些什么。
There's no need to cry(= stop crying) .
不要哭了。
2.
[c][u]
特别需要;迫切要求a strong feeling that you want sb/sth or must have sth
to fulfil an emotional need
满足感情的迫切需要
She felt the need to talk to someone.
她特别想和人聊聊。
I'm in need of some fresh air.
我很想呼吸一点新鲜空气。
She had no more need of me.
她再也不需要我了。
3.
[c][usupl]
需要的事物;欲望the things that sb requires in order to live in a comfortable way or achieve what they want
financial needs
经济上的需要
a programme to suit your individual needs
满足你个人需要的项目
to meet children's special educational needs
满足儿童的特殊教育需求
4.
[u]
(食物、钱或生活来源的)短缺,缺乏the state of not having enough food, money or support
The charity aims to provide assistance to people in need .
这个慈善机构的宗旨是向贫困者提供帮助。
He helped me in my hour of need .
在我生活困难的时候他帮助了我。
IDM
There's always food in the freezer if need be.
如果需要,冰箱里总有食物。
if need be
如果需要的话;有必要的话if necessary
There's always food in the freezer if need be.
如果需要,冰箱里总有食物。

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