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not

美 [nɒt]
英 [nɒt]
  • adv.不;不是;没有;〈口〉不要
  • 网络非;逻辑非;不是的
not
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adv.
1.
(构成动词 be、do 和 have 及情态动词 can 或 must 等的否定形式,常缩略为 n't)不,没有used to form the negative of the verbsbe ,do andhave and modal verbs likecan ormust and often reduced ton't
She did not/didn't see him.
她没看见他。
It's not/It isn't raining.
没下雨。
I can't see from here.
我从这儿看不见。
He must not go.
他绝不能走。
Don't you eat meat?
你不吃肉吗?
It's cold, isn't it?
很冷,是吧?
2.
(否定后面的词或短语,或作否定的回答)不,没有used to give the following word or phrase a negative meaning, or to reply in the negative
He warned me not to be late.
他提醒我不要迟到。
I was sorry not to have seen them.
我很遗憾没有见到他们。
Not everybody agrees.
不是每一个人都同意。
‘Who's next?’ ‘Not me.’
“下一位是谁?”“不是我。”
‘What did you do at school?’ ‘ Not a lot .’
“你在学校干什么了?”“没做多少事。”
It's not easy being a parent(= it's difficult) .
为人父母真不容易啊。
3.
(用于 hope、expect、believe 等动词后,作为否定的回答)不,没有used afterhope ,expect ,believe , etc. to give a negative reply
‘Will she be there?’ ‘I hope not.’
“她会在那儿吗?”“但愿不会。”
‘Is it ready?’ ‘I'm afraid not.’
“准备好了吗?”“恐怕还没呢。”
‘Does he know?’ ‘I believe not.’
“他知道吗?”“我想他不知道。”
4.
or ~
(表示否定的可能性)否,或许不used to show a negative possibility
I don't know if he's telling the truth or not.
我不知道他是否说了真话。
5.
(拒绝或不允许)不used to say that you do not want sth or will not allow sth
‘Some more?’ ‘Not for me, thanks.’
“再来点儿吗?”“我不要了,谢谢。”
‘Can I throw this out?’ ‘Certainly not.’
“我把这个扔了,行吗?”“当然不行。”

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