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open

美 [ˈoʊpən]
英 [ˈəʊpən]
  • v.打开;开放;开启;张开
  • adj.开放;营业;坦诚;开放的
  • n.公开;户外;野外;旷野
  • 网络打开文件;开路;开着的
第三人称单数:opens  现在分词:opening  过去式:opened  
open
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adj.
开着not closed
1.
开放的;敞开的allowing things or people to go through
A wasp flew in the open window.
一只黄蜂飞进了开着的窗子。
She had left the door wide open .
她把房门敞开着。
2.
张开的;张着的with eyelids or lips apart
She had difficulty keeping her eyes open(= because she was very tired) .
她连睁开眼睛的力气都没有了。
He was breathing through his open mouth.
他张着嘴呼吸。
3.
展开的;开放的spread out; with the edges apart
The flowers are all open now.
花现在都开了。
The book lay open on the table.
书摊开在桌子上。
4.
畅通的;开放的not blocked by anything
The pass is kept open all the year.
关口一年到头都是开放的。
未系着not fastened
5.
敞口的;未封的not fastened or covered, so that things can easily come out or be put in
Leave the envelope open.
别封上信封。
The bag burst open and everything fell out.
袋子爆开了,里边的东西都散落出来。
6.
没扣上的;敞开的not fastened
Her coat was open.
她的外衣敞着。
未围着not enclosed
7.
开阔的;未围上的not surrounded by anything; not confined
open country(= without forests, buildings, etc.)
空旷的田野
a city with a lot of parks and open spaces
有很多公园和空地的城市
driving along the open road(= part of a road in the country, where you can drive fast)
沿开阔的道路开车
敞开not covered
8.
敞开的;露天的;裸露的with no cover or roof on
an open drain
一条明沟
people working in the open air(= not in a building)
在户外作业的人
The hall of the old house was open to the sky.
旧房子的门厅是露天的。
an open wound(= with no skin covering it)
开放性伤口
an open flame
明火
对宾客for customers/visitors
9.
[nubn]
开放;营业if a shop/store, bank, business, etc. isopen , it is ready for business and will admit customers or visitors
Is the museum open on Sundays?
博物馆每星期天都开放吗?
The new store will be open in the spring.
新商店将在春天开业。
The house had been thrown open to the public.
这所宅院已向公众开放。
I declare this festival open.
我宣布庆祝活动开始。
比赛;建筑物of competition/building
10.
对大众开放的;公开的;人人可以参加的if a competition, etc. isopen , anyone can enter it
an open debate/championship/scholarship
公开的辩论会;人人可以参加的锦标赛;人人均可申请的奖学金
She was tried in open court(= the public could go and listen to the trial) .
她被公开审判。
The debate was thrown open to the audience.
辩论会对听众开放。
11.
[nbn]
~ to sb
(比赛、建筑物等)对特定群体开放if a competition, building, etc. isopen to particular people, those people can enter it
The competition is open to young people under the age of 18.
这项比赛让 18 岁以下的青少年参加。
The house is not open to the public.
这所住宅不对外开放。
备有available
12.
[nbn]
~ (to sb)
可得到;可使用to be available and ready to use
What options are open to us?
我们有什么选择?
Is the offer still open?
这个报价还有效吗?
I want to keep my Swiss bank account open.
我想保留我的瑞士银行账户。
无防范not protected
13.
~ (to sth)
易受损害;脆弱likely to suffer sth such as criticism, injury, etc.
The system is open to abuse.
这项制度容易被滥用。
He has laid himself wide open to political attack.
他在政治上已经处于极易受到攻击的境地。
不隐匿not hidden
14.
人人皆知的;不保密的;公开的known to everyone; not kept hidden
an open quarrel
公开的争吵
open government
透明的管理
their open display of affection
他们的公开示爱
His eyes showed open admiration as he looked at her.
他看她的时候,眼神里明显流露着敬佩之情。
性格person's character
15.
诚恳;坦诚;直率honest; not keeping thoughts and feelings hidden
She was always open with her parents.
她总是与父母无话不谈。
He was quite open about his reasons for leaving.
他对离开的原因完全未加隐瞒。
16.
~ to sth
思想开明的;不固执己见的willing to listen to and think about new ideas
I'm open to suggestions for what you would like to do in our classes.
我很乐意听听你们对课堂活动的建议。
待定not yet decided
17.
~ (to sth)
未决定的;待决定的not yet finally decided or settled
The race is still wide open(= anyone could win) .
赛跑胜负未定。
The price is not open to negotiation.
价格不容商议。
Some phrases in the contract are open to interpretation.
合同中的某些条文容有不同诠释。
Which route is better remains an open question(= it is not decided) .
哪条路线较好尚待决定。
In an interview try to ask open questions(= to which the answer is not just ‘yes’ or ‘no’) .
主持面试时要尽量问一些讨论性的问题。
织物cloth
18.
稀疏的;不密的with wide spaces between the threads
an open weave
稀疏织法
语音学phonetics
19.
开的;开口的produced by opening the mouth wide
IDM
be an open secret
是公开的秘密if sth isan open secret , many people know about it, although it is supposed to be a secret
have/keep an open mind (about/on sth)
愿意聆听(或接受)意见;(对…)不怀成见;思想开明to be willing to listen to or accept new ideas or suggestions
keep your ears/eyes open (for sth)
(对…)保持警觉;注意;留心to be quick to notice or hear things
an open book
容易被了解的人(或事)if you describe sb or their life asan open book , you mean that you can easily understand them and know everything about them
Leaving your camera on the seat in the car is an open invitation to thieves.
把照相机留在汽车座位上无异于开门揖盗。
an open invitation (to sb)
(给…)随时可以来访的邀请an invitation to sb to visit you at any time
容易引诱人犯罪的行为if sth isan open invitation to criminals, etc., it encourages them to commit a crime by making it easier
Leaving your camera on the seat in the car is an open invitation to thieves.
把照相机留在汽车座位上无异于开门揖盗。
with open arms
热烈地;热情地;诚挚地if you welcome sbwith open arms , you are extremely happy and pleased to see them
v.
门窗;盖子door/window/lid
1.
[t]
~ sth
开;打开;开启to move a door, window, lid, etc. so that it is no longer closed
Mr Chen opened the car door for his wife.
陈先生为妻子打开车门。
2.
[i]
打开;(使)开to move or be moved so that it is no longer closed
The door opened and Alan walked in.
门开了,艾伦走了进去。
容器;包container/package
3.
[t]
~ sth
打开,开启(瓶盖、封口等)to remove the lid, undo the fastening , etc. of a container, etc. in order to see or get what is inside
Shall I open another bottle?
要不要我再开一瓶?
He opened the letter and read it.
他拆开信读起来。
眼睛eyes
4.
[t][i]
~ (sth)
睁开if youopen your eyes or your eyesopen , you move your eyelids upwards so that you can see
mouth
5.
[t][i]
~ (sth)
张开if youopen your mouth or your mouthopens , you move your lips, for example in order to speak
He hardly ever opens his mouth(= speaks) .
他几乎从不开口。
书籍book
6.
[t]
~ sth
打开;翻开to turn the cover or the pages of a book so that it is no longer closed
Open your books at page 25.
把书翻到第 25 页。
展开spread out
7.
[i][t]
展开;打开to spread out or unfold ; to spread sth out or unfold it
What if the parachute doesn't open?
降落伞打不开怎么办?
The flowers are starting to open.
花开始绽放了。
Open the map on the table.
把地图摊在桌子上。
He opened his arms wide to embrace her.
他张开双臂拥抱她。
边界;道路border/road
8.
[t]
~ sth
让(行人、车辆、货物等)通行;开放to make it possible for people, cars, goods, etc. to pass through a place
When did the country open its borders?
这个国家是何时开放边界的?
The road will be opened again in a few hours after police have cleared it.
待警察清理完以后,道路在几小时内就会重新开放。
对宾客for customers/visitors
9.
[i][t]
开始营业;开业;开门to start business for the day; to start business for the first time
What time does the bank open?
这家银行什么时候开门?
The company opened its doors for business a month ago.
该公司一个月前开业。
10.
[i]
开始接待to be ready for people to go to
The new hospital opens on July 1st.
这家新医院七月一日开诊。
When does the play open?
这个剧什么时候上演?
开始某事start sth
11.
[t]
着手;开始to start an activity or event
You need just one pound to open a bank account with us.
你只需一英镑就可在我行开立一个账户。
The police have opened an investigation into the death.
警察已开始对这桩命案进行调查。
Troops opened fire on(= started shooting) the crowds.
军队向人群开火了。
They will open the new season with a performance of ‘Carmen’.
他们将以上演《卡门》来开启新的戏剧季。
12.
[i]
~ (with sth)
以…开篇;以…开头to start in a particular way
The story opens with a murder.
这个故事以谋杀案开始。
以仪式with ceremony
13.
[t]
~ sth
为(建筑物)揭幕;宣布启用to perform a ceremony showing that a building can start being used
The bridge was opened by the Queen.
女王为大桥开通揭幕。
计算机技术computing
14.
[t][i]
~ (sth)
启动,打开(计算机程序或文件)to start a computer program or file so that you can use it on the screen
IDM
open doors for sb
为…敞开大门;提供良机to provide opportunities for sb to do sth and be successful
Travelling really opens your eyes to other cultures.
旅游真正能使人开阔眼界,认识其他文化。
open your/sbs eyes (to sth)
(使人)长见识(或开眼界、认清事实)to realize or make sb realize the truth about sth
Travelling really opens your eyes to other cultures.
旅游真正能使人开阔眼界,认识其他文化。
open your/sbs mind to sth
(使人)思想开阔,意识到某事to become or make sb aware of new ideas or experiences
open the way for sb/sth (to do sth)
开方便之门to make it possible for sb to do sth or for sth to happen
n.
户外outdoors
1.
户外;野外;旷野outdoors; the countryside
Children need to play out in the open .
孩子需要在户外玩耍。
不隐匿not hidden
2.
公开;非秘密not hidden or secret
Government officials do not want these comments in the open .
政府官员不想公开这些评论。
They intend to bring their complaints out into the open .
他们想把心中的种种不满公开讲出来。

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