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penalty

US [ˈpen(ə)lti]
UK ['pen(ə)lti]
  • n.处罚;刑罚;惩罚;点球
  • Web罚款;罚金;罚球
Plural Form:penalties  
penalty
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n.
1.
惩罚;处罚;刑罚a punishment for breaking a law, rule or contract
to impose a penalty
予以惩罚
Assault carries a maximum penalty of seven years' imprisonment.
侵犯人身罪可判处最高七年的监禁。
The penalty for travelling without a ticket is £200.
无票乘车的罚款为 200 英镑。
Contractors who fall behind schedule incur heavy financial penalties.
承包商如延误工期将被处以巨额罚款。
a penalty clause in a contract
合同中的惩罚条款
You can withdraw money from the account at any time without penalty .
您可以随时从账户中提款,不收罚金。
2.
~ (of sth)
害处;不利a disadvantage suffered as a result of sth
One of the penalties of fame is loss of privacy.
成名的弊端之一是失掉了隐私。
3.
(对犯规者的)判罚,处罚a disadvantage given to a player or a team when they break a rule
He incurred a ten-second penalty in the first round.
他在第一轮受到停赛十秒钟的处罚。
4.
点球;罚点球得分a chance to score a goal or point without any defending players, except the goalkeeper , trying to stop it; the goal or point that is given if it is successful. This chance is given because the other team has broken the rules.
Two minutes later Ford equalized with a penalty.
两分钟后,福特以一记点球将比分扳平。
We were awarded a penalty after a late tackle.
对方铲球犯规后,我们得到了一个点球。
I volunteered to take the penalty(= be the person who tries to score the goal/point)
我自愿主罚点球。
He missed a penalty in the last minute of the game.
在比赛的最后一刻,他罚失了点球。

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Definition:
Category:AllAll,OralOral,WrittenWritten,TitleTitle,TechnicalTechnical
Source:AllAll,DictionaryDictionary,WebWeb
Difficulty:AllAll,EasyEasy,MiddleMiddle,HardHard
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