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presume

US [prɪˈzum]
UK [prɪˈzjuːm]
  • v.假设;假定;设想;(尤指法庭上)推定
  • Web推测;认为;以为
Simple Present:presumes  Present Participle:presuming  Past Tense:presumed  
presume
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v.
1.
[i][t]
假设;假定to suppose that sth is true, although you do not have actual proof
They are very expensive, I presume?
我想这些东西很贵吧?
‘Is he still abroad?’ ‘ I presume so .’
“他还在国外吗?”“我想是吧。”
I presumed (that) he understood the rules.
我相信他明白这些规则。
Little is known of the youngest son; it is presumed that he died young.
对于最小的儿子一般所知甚少,据推测他已经夭亡。
I presumed him to be her husband.
我料想那就是她丈夫。
2.
[t]
(尤指法庭上)推定,假定to accept that sth is true until it is shown not to be true, especially in court
Twelve passengers are missing, presumed dead .
有十二名旅客失踪,并已推定罹难。
In English law, a person is presumed innocent until proved guilty.
英国法律规定,一个人被证明有罪前假定为无罪。
We must presume innocence until we have proof of guilt.
在证实一个人有罪之前,我们必须假定其无罪。
We must presume them to be innocent until we have proof of guilt.
在证实他们有罪之前,我们必须假定其无罪。
3.
[t]
~ sth
设定;设想;假设to accept sth as true or existing and to act on that basis
The course seems to presume some previous knowledge of the subject.
这门课程似乎是以具备某些基础知识为前提的。
4.
[i]
~ to do sth
妄行;越权行事to behave in a way that shows a lack of respect by doing sth that you have no right to do
I wouldn't presume to tell you how to run your own business.
我不会僭越去指点你该如何经营你自己的事业。

Sample Sentence

Definition:
Category:AllAll,OralOral,WrittenWritten,TitleTitle,TechnicalTechnical
Source:AllAll,DictionaryDictionary,WebWeb
Difficulty:AllAll,EasyEasy,MiddleMiddle,HardHard
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