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proportion

US [prəˈpɔrʃ(ə)n]
UK [prəˈpɔː(r)ʃ(ə)n]
  • n.比例;部分;份额;均衡
  • v.摊派;使相称
  • Web比率;比重;面积
Plural Form:proportions  
proportion
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n.
部分part of whole
1.
[cspv]
部分;份额a part or share of a whole
Water covers a large proportion of the earth's surface.
水覆盖了地球表面的大部分。
Loam is a soil with roughly equal proportions of clay, sand and silt.
壤土是由大约等份的黏土、沙和粉砂合成的。
The proportion of regular smokers increases with age.
习惯吸烟的人口比重随年龄的增长而上升。
A higher proportion of Americans go on to higher education than is the case in Britain.
美国人上大学的比例大于英国。
关系relationship
2.
[u]
~ (of sth to sth)
比例;倍数关系the relationship of one thing to another in size, amount, etc.
The proportion of men to women in the college has changed dramatically over the years.
近年来,这个学院的男女学生比例出现了剧变。
The basic ingredients are limestone and clay in the proportion 2:1.
基本成分是石灰石和黏土,比例为 2:1。
The room is very long in proportion to(= relative to) its width.
这房间的长度比宽度大很多。
3.
[u][c][usupl]
正确的比例;均衡;匀称the correct relationship in size, degree, importance, etc. between one thing and another or between the parts of a whole
You haven't drawn the figures in the foreground in proportion .
你的前景人物画得不合比例。
The head is out of proportion with the body.
头部和身体不成比例。
an impressive building with fine proportions
比例协调的雄伟建筑物
Always try to keep a sense of proportion(= of the relative importance of different things) .
事有轻重缓急之分,这要常记在心。
大小;形状size/shape
4.
[pl]
面积;体积;规模;程度the measurements of sth; its size and shape
This method divides the task into more manageable proportions.
这个方法把要完成的任务划分成较易操作的步骤。
a food shortage that could soon reach crisis proportions
可能会很快达到危机程度的粮食短缺
a room of fairly generous proportions
相当宽敞的屋子
数学mathematics
5.
[u]
等比关系;比例the equal relationship between two pairs of numbers, as in the statement ‘4 is to 8 as 6 is to 12’

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Definition:
Category:AllAll,OralOral,WrittenWritten,TitleTitle,TechnicalTechnical
Source:AllAll,DictionaryDictionary,WebWeb
Difficulty:AllAll,EasyEasy,MiddleMiddle,HardHard
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