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rate

美 [reɪt]
英 [reɪt]
  • n.率;速度;比率;价格
  • v.评价;评估;估价;值得
  • 网络速率;费率;费用
复数:rates  现在分词:rating  过去式:rated  
rate
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n.
1.
[c]
速度;进度a measurement of the speed at which sth happens
Most people walk at an average rate of 5 kilometres an hour.
大多数人步行的平均速度为每小时 5 公里。
The number of reported crimes is increasing at an alarming rate.
报警案件的数量正在以惊人的速度增长。
Figures published today show another fall in the rate of inflation.
今天公布的数字表明通货膨胀速度又一次下降。
At the rate you work, you'll never finish!
以你工作的速度,你永远也做不完!
2.
[c]
比率;率a measurement of the number of times sth happens or exists during a particular period
Local businesses are closing at a/the rate of three a year.
地方企业正在以每年三家的速度关闭。
a high/low/rising rate of unemployment
高╱低╱不断增长的失业率
the annual crime/divorce rate
年犯罪╱离婚率
His pulse rate dropped suddenly.
他的脉搏速率突然下降。
a high success/failure rate
很高的成功╱失败率
3.
[c]
价格;费用a fixed amount of money that is charged or paid for sth
advertising/insurance/postal, etc. rates
广告费、保险费、邮费等
a low/high hourly rate of pay
按小时支付的低╱高报酬
We offer special reduced rates for students.
我们对学生有特惠价格。
a fixed-rate mortgage(= one in which the amount of money paid back each month is fixed for a particular period)
定额偿还按揭贷款
the basic rate of tax(= the lowest amount that is paid by everyone)
基本税额
exchange/interest rates
汇率;利率
rates of exchange/interest
汇率;利率
4.
[pl]
(英国地方政府征收的)房地产税,房产税(in Britain) a tax paid by businesses to a local authority for land and buildings that they use and in the past also paid by anyone who owned a house
IDM
Well, that's one good piece of news at any rate.
不管怎么说,这是个好消息。
I may be away on business next week but at any rate I'll be back by Friday.
我下周可能要出差,但无论如何,我最晚星期五回来。
He said he'll be coming tomorrow. At any rate, I think that's what he said.
他说他明天要来。至少,我认为他是这么说的。
There were maybe 60 or 70 people there. At any rate, the room was packed.
那里也许有六七十人吧。反正屋子里挤得严严实实。
at any rate
(强调事情的真实性)无论如何,不管怎样used to say that a particular fact is true despite what has happened in the past or what may happen in the future
Well, that's one good piece of news at any rate.
不管怎么说,这是个好消息。
I may be away on business next week but at any rate I'll be back by Friday.
我下周可能要出差,但无论如何,我最晚星期五回来。
(表示说得更加确切)不管怎样,至少used to show that you are being more accurate about sth that you have just said
He said he'll be coming tomorrow. At any rate, I think that's what he said.
他说他明天要来。至少,我认为他是这么说的。
(强调下文)总而言之,反正used to show that what you have just said is not as important as what you are going to say
There were maybe 60 or 70 people there. At any rate, the room was packed.
那里也许有六七十人吧。反正屋子里挤得严严实实。
at a rate of knots
(informal)
飞快地;迅速地very quickly
At this rate, we'll soon be bankrupt.
照此情形,我们很快就会破产。
at this/that rate
(informal)
照此情形;如此下去used to say what will happen if a particular situation continues to develop in the same way
At this rate, we'll soon be bankrupt.
照此情形,我们很快就会破产。
v.
1.
[t][i]
~ sb/sth (as) sth.~ as sth
评估;评价;估价to have or think that sb/sth has a particular level of quality, value, etc.
The university is highly rated for its research.
这所大学因其研究工作而受到高度评价。
They rated him highly as a colleague.
作为同事,他们对他评价甚高。
Voters continue to rate education high on their list of priorities.
选民继续把教育看作是头等重要的大事。
The show was rated (as) a success by critics and audiences.
评论家和观众都认为这次演出是成功的。
The match rated as one of their worst defeats.
这次比赛可以说是他们最为惨重的一次失败。
I'm afraid our needs do not rate very high with this administration.
我们的需求恐怕不会受到这届政府多大重视。
2.
[t]
(informal)
~ sth
认为…是好的;看好to think that sb/sth is good
What did you think of the movie? I didn't rate it myself.
你觉得这部电影怎么样?我个人认为不怎么样。
3.
[t][usupass]
划分等级;分等to place sb/sth in a particular position on a scale in relation to similar people or things
The schools were rated according to their exam results.
这些学校是按考试成绩排名次的。
a top-rated programme
一级项目
She is currently rated number two in the world.
她目前排名世界第二。
4.
[t]
~ sth
值得,配得上(某种对待)to be good, important, etc. enough to be treated in a particular way
The incident didn't even rate a mention in the press.
这件事在报纸上连提都不值得一提。
5.
[t][usupass]
~ sth (+ noun)
对(电影或录像片)分级to state that a film/movie or video is suitable for a particular audience

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