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ration

美 [ˈræʃ(ə)n]
英 ['ræʃ(ə)n]
  • n.定量;(给战士或食品短缺地区的人提供的)定量口粮;正常量;合理的量
  • v.配给;限定…的量;定量供应
  • 网络日粮;配给量;定额
复数:rations  现在分词:rationing  过去式:rationed  
ration
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n.
1.
[c]
(食品、燃料等短缺时的)配给量,定量a fixed amount of food, fuel, etc. that you are officially allowed to have when there is not enough for everyone to have as much as they want, for example during a war
the weekly butter ration
每周的黄油配给量
2.
[pl]
(给战士或食品短缺地区的人提供的)定量口粮a fixed amount of food given regularly to a soldier or to sb who is in a place where there is not much food available
We're on short rations(= allowed less than usual) until fresh supplies arrive.
在新的补给到达之前,我们的口粮定量不足。
Once these latest rations run out, the country will again face hunger and starvation.
最后这批口粮一旦用完,国家又要面临饥荒。
3.
[sing]
~ (of sth)
正常量;合理的量an amount of sth that is thought to be normal or fair
As part of the diet, allow yourself a small daily ration of sugar.
作为饮食的一部分,每天可以摄入少量的糖。
I've had my ration of problems for one day─you deal with it!
我手头的问题已经够我忙活一天的了,你来处理这件事吧!
v.
1.
[oftpass]
限定…的量;定量供应;配给to limit the amount of sth that sb is allowed to have, especially because there is not enough of it available
Eggs were rationed during the war.
战争期间,鸡蛋限量供应。
The villagers are rationed to two litres of water a day.
村民每天的用水量限定为两升。

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