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reason

美 [ˈriz(ə)n]
英 [ˈriːz(ə)n]
  • n.原因;理由;理性;道理
  • v.推理;思考;推断;推论
  • 网络理智;缘故;的原因
复数:reasons  现在分词:reasoning  过去式:reasoned  
reason
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n.
1.
[c]
原因;理由;解释a cause or an explanation for sth that has happened or that sb has done
I'd like to know the reason why you're so late.
我想知道你为什么迟到那么长时间。
Give me one good reason why I should help you.
我为什么要帮你?给我一个充分的理由。
We aren't going for the simple reason that we can't afford it.
我们不去,只是因为我们负担不起。
She gave no reasons for her decision.
她没有对她的决定作出任何解释。
I have no particular reason for doubting him.
我没有什么特别的理由怀疑他。
He said no but he didn't give a reason .
他说不行,但没有说明原因。
For some reason(= one that I don't know or don't understand) we all have to come in early tomorrow.
出于某种原因,我们大家明天都不得不早点儿来。
The man attacked me for no apparent reason .
那个人不知何故攻击我。
She resigned for personal reasons .
她出于个人原因而辞职。
For reasons of security the door is always kept locked.
为了保证安全,门总是锁着的。
He wants to keep them all in his office for reasons best known to himself .
他想把他们都留在他的办公室里,原因只有他自己知道。
people who, for whatever reason , are unable to support themselves
那些因为种种原因不能自立的人
‘Why do you want to know?’ ‘ No reason .’(= I do not want to say why)
“你为什么想知道?”“不为什么。”
‘Why did she do that?’ ‘She must have her reasons .’(= secret reasons which she does not want to tell)
“她为什么那么做?”“她一定有她的理由。”
He was excused by reason of(= because of) his age.
他因为其年龄而得以免除。
2.
[u]
正当理由;道理;情理a fact that makes it right or fair to do sth
They have reason to believe that he is lying.
他们有理由认为他是在撒谎。
We have every reason(= have very good reasons) to feel optimistic.
我们完全有理由感到乐观。
There is no reason why we should agree to this.
我们没有理由同意这点。
This result gives us all the more reason for optimism.
这个结果使我们更有理由保持乐观。
She complained, with reason(= rightly) , that she had been underpaid.
她抱怨给她的报酬太低,是有道理的。
3.
[u]
思考力;理解力;理性the power of the mind to think in a logical way, to understand and have opinions, etc.
Only human beings are capable of reason(= of thinking in a logical way, etc.) .
只有人类才有理性思考的能力。
to lose your reason(= become mentally ill)
神经失常
4.
[u]
道理;情理;明智what is possible, practical or right
I can't get her to listen to reason .
我没法跟她讲道理。
Why can't they see reason ?
他们为什么不明事理?
to be open to reason(= to be willing to accept sensible advice)
愿意听好言相劝
He's looking for a job and he's willing to do anything within reason .
他在寻找工作,而且只要是正当的事他都愿意做。
IDM
It stands to reason that they'll leave if you don't pay them enough.
这是明摆着的,你不给他们足够的报酬,他们就走人。
it stands to reason
(informal)
这是人人都清楚的;这是明摆着的it must be clear to any sensible person who thinks about it
It stands to reason that they'll leave if you don't pay them enough.
这是明摆着的,你不给他们足够的报酬,他们就走人。
v.
1.
[t][i]
~ (that…).+ speech
推理;推论;推断to form a judgement about a situation by considering the facts and using your power to think in a logical way
She reasoned that she must have left her bag on the train.
她断定准是把包落在火车上了。
They couldn't fire him, he reasoned. He was the only one who knew how the system worked.
他推断他们不会解雇他。他是唯一知道这套系统如何运转的人。
2.
[i]
思考;理解to use your power to think and understand
the human ability to reason
人的思考能力

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