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reference

US [ˈref(ə)rəns]
UK ['ref(ə)rəns]
  • n.参考;编号;提到;查询
  • v.参考;查阅;给(书等)附参考资料
  • Web引用;参考文献;参考书
Plural Form:references  Present Participle:referencing  Past Tense:referenced  
reference
Show examples
提及mentioning sb/sth
1.
[c][u]
~ (to sb/sth)
说到(或写到)的事;提到;谈及;涉及a thing you say or write that mentions sb/sth else; the act of mentioning sb/sth
The book is full of references to growing up in India.
这本书谈到许多在印度怎样长大成人的事。
She made no reference to her illness but only to her future plans.
她没有提到她的病,只说了说她未来的计划。
the President's passing reference to(= brief mention of) the end of the war
总统对战争的结束一语带过
查询信息looking for information
2.
[u]
参考;查询;查阅the act of looking at sth for information
Keep the list of numbers near the phone for easy reference.
把电话号码表放在电话旁边,方便查找。
I wrote down the name of the hotel for future reference(= because it might be useful in the future) .
我记下了这家酒店的名字,以后也许用得着。
The library contains many popular works of reference(= reference books) .
这家图书馆藏有许多常用的参考书。
征求意见asking for advice
3.
[u]
~ (to sb/sth)
(帮助或意见的)征求,征询the act of asking sb for help or advice
The emergency nurse can treat minor injuries without reference to a doctor.
急救护士不必征求医生的意见就可处理轻伤。
数字;文字;符号number/word/symbol
4.
[c]
(为方便查询所用的)标记,标识,编号a number, word or symbol that shows where sth is on a map, or where you can find a piece of information
The map reference is Y4.
地图编号为 Y4。
Please quote your reference number when making an enquiry.
查询时请报出编号。
找工作for new job
5.
[c]
推荐信;介绍信a letter written by sb who knows you, giving information about your character and abilities, especially to a new employer
We will take up references after the interview.
我们在面试之后收推荐信。
6.
[c]
推荐人;介绍人a person who agrees to write a reference for you, for example when you are applying for a job
My previous boss will act as a reference for me.
我的前任上司将做我的推荐人。
书籍in book
7.
[c]
参考书目a note in a book that tells you where a particular piece of information comes from
There is a list of references at the end of each chapter.
每一章的后面都有参考书目。
IDM
With reference to your letter of July 22…
关于你 7 月 22 日的来信…
in/with reference to
(所述内容)关于used to say what you are talking or writing about
With reference to your letter of July 22…
关于你 7 月 22 日的来信…
v.
1.
~ sth
查阅;参考;给(书等)附参考资料to refer to sth; to provide a book, etc. with references
Each chapter is referenced, citing literature up to 2008.
每一章都附有参考书目,引用文献近至 2008 年。

Sample Sentence

Definition:
Category:AllAll,OralOral,WrittenWritten,TitleTitle,TechnicalTechnical
Source:AllAll,DictionaryDictionary,WebWeb
Difficulty:AllAll,EasyEasy,MiddleMiddle,HardHard
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