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rule

美 [rul]
英 [ruːl]
  • n.规则;统治;控制;管理
  • v.统治;控制;支配;裁定
  • 网络规定;法则;基于规则(rule-based)
复数:rules  现在分词:ruling  过去式:ruled  
rule
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n.
活动;游戏of activity/game
1.
[c]
规则;规章;条例a statement of what may, must or must not be done in a particular situation or when playing a game
to follow/obey/observe the rules
遵循╱服从╱遵守规则
It's against all rules and regulations .
这违背了所有的规章制度。
to break a rule(= not follow it)
违反规定
This explains the rules under which the library operates.
这份材料说明了图书馆的运作方式。
Without unwritten rules civilized life would be impossible.
没有不成文的规章,就不会有文明生活。
建议advice
2.
[c]
建议;应做之事a statement of what you are advised to do in a particular situation
There are no hard and fast rules for planning healthy meals.
在安排健康饮食方面,没有什么硬性规定。
The first rule is to make eye contact with your interviewer.
首先是眼睛要直视面试官。
习惯;常规habit/normally true
3.
[c][ususing]
习惯;常规;惯常的做法a habit; the normal state of things; what is true in most cases
He makes it a rule never to borrow money.
他的规矩是从不向人借钱。
I go to bed early as a rule .
我一贯睡得早。
Cold winters here are the exception rather than the rule(= are rare) .
在这里,严寒的冬天并不多见。
As a general rule vegetable oils are better for you than animal fats.
一般来说,植物油比动物脂肪对人较有好处。
体系of system
4.
[c]
定律;规则a statement of what is possible according to a particular system, for example the grammar of a language
the rules of grammar
语法规则
统治;控制government/control
5.
[u]
统治;管理;支配;控制the government of a country or control of a group of people by a particular person, group or system
under civilian/military, etc. rule
在文官、军人等统治之下
majority rule(= government by the political party that most people have voted for)
获选票多数的政党组成政府的原则
The 1972 act imposed direct rule from Westminster.
1972 年的法案强制实行了英国中央政府的直接统治。
测量工具measuring tool
6.
[c]
尺;直尺a measuring instrument with a straight edge
IDM
bend/stretch the rules
根据具体情况改变规则;通融to change the rules to suit a particular person or situation
play by sbs (own) rules
按某人定的规矩行事if sbplays by their own rules or makes other peopleplay by their rules , they set the conditions for doing business or having a relationship
play by the rules
按规则玩游戏;处事公正诚实;循规蹈矩to deal fairly and honestly with people
the rules of the game
游戏规则;大家共同遵守的行为标准the standards of behaviour that most people accept or that actually operate in a particular area of life or business
the rule of law
法治the condition in which all members of society, including its rulers, accept the authority of the law
a rule of thumb
实用的估算方法,经验工作法(常依据经验而非准确测量)a practical method of doing or measuring sth, usually based on past experience rather than on exact measurement
work to rule
按章工作;变相罢工to follow the rules of your job in a very strict way in order to cause delay, as a form of protest against your employer or your working conditions
v.
统治;控制govern/control
1.
[t][i]
控制;统治;支配to control and have authority over a country, a group of people, etc.
At that time John ruled England.
当时是约翰统治着英格兰。
Eighty million years ago, dinosaurs ruled the earth.
八千万年前,地球是恐龙的天下。
Charles I ruled for eleven years.
查理一世统治了十一年。
She once ruled over a vast empire.
她曾统治过一个幅员辽阔的帝国。
After the revolution, anarchy ruled.
革命以后,无政府主义大行其道。
2.
[t][oftpass]
~ sth
支配;控制;操纵to be the main thing that influences and controls sb/sth
The pursuit of money ruled his life.
对金钱的追求支配着他的生活。
We live in a society where we are ruled by the clock.
我们生活在一个人人都围着时间转的社会。
作出正式决定give official decision
3.
[i][t]
决定;裁定;判决to give an official decision about sth
The court will rule on the legality of the action.
法庭将裁定此举是否合法。
The judge ruled against/in favour of the plaintiff.
法官判原告败诉╱胜诉。
The deal may be ruled illegal.
这笔交易可能会被判定为非法。
The deal was ruled to be illegal.
这笔交易被判定为非法。
The court ruled that the women were unfairly dismissed.
法院裁定这些妇女是被不公平地开除的。
It was ruled that the women had been unfairly dismissed.
已经裁定这些妇女被开除是不公平的。
画直线draw straight line
4.
[t]
~ sth
用直尺等画(线);画(直线)to draw a straight line using sth that has a firm straight edge
Rule a line at the end of every piece of work.
在每一篇作品的末尾画一条直线。
IDM
rule the roost
(informal)
当头头;充当首领;主宰to be the most powerful member of a group
rule (sb/sth) with a rod of iron
残酷统治;严厉控制to control a person or a group of people very severely

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