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run

美 [rʌn]
英 [rʌn]
  • n.跑;跑步;跑步的时间(或距离);航程
  • v.跑;奔跑;跑(某段距离);跑步
  • 网络运行(running);经营;运行程序
过去式:ran  第三人称单数:runs  现在分词:running  
run
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v.
奔跑move fast on foot
1.
[i]
跑;奔跑to move using your legs, going faster than when you walk
Can you run as fast as Mike?
你能和迈克跑得一样快吗?
They turned and ran when they saw us coming.
他们看见我们过来,转身就跑。
She came running to meet us.
她跑着来迎接我们。
The dogs ran off as soon as we appeared.
我们一露面狗就跑了。
2.
[t]
~ sth
跑(某段距离)to travel a particular distance by running
Who was the first person to run a mile in under four minutes?
是谁第一个用了不到四分钟跑完一英里?
3.
[i]
跑步;做跑步运动to run as a sport
She used to run when she was at college.
她上大学的时候经常跑步。
I often go running before work.
我常常在上班前跑步。
赛跑比赛race
4.
[i][t]
参加赛跑to take part in a race
He will be running in the 100 metres tonight.
今晚他将参加 100 米赛跑。
There are only five horses running in the first race.
只有五匹马参加第一场比赛。
to run the marathon
参加马拉松比赛
Holmes ran a fine race to take the gold medal.
霍姆斯赛跑表现不错,获得了金牌。
5.
[t][oftpass]
~ sth
开始(比赛);使(比赛)开始to make a race take place
The Derby will be run in spite of the bad weather.
尽管天气恶劣,德比马赛仍将举行。
赶紧hurry
6.
[i]
+ adv./prep.
迅速赶往;匆忙跑(到另一处)to hurry from one place to another
I've spent the whole day running around after the kids.
我这一整天都跟在孩子们后面跑来跑去。
管理manage
7.
[t]
~ sth
管理;经营to be in charge of a business, etc.
to run a hotel/store/language school
经营一家旅店╱商店╱语言学校
He has no idea how to run a business.
他丝毫不懂企业管理。
Stop trying to run my life(= organize it) for me.
别老想操纵我的生活。
The shareholders want more say in how the company is run.
股东们想要在公司的经营管理上拥有更多的发言权。
a badly run company
经营不善的公司
state-run industries
国家经营的行业
提供provide
8.
[t]
~ sth
提供,开设(服务、课程等)to make a service, course of study, etc. available to people
The college runs summer courses for foreign students.
这所大学为外国学生开设暑期课程。
车辆;机器vehicle/machine
9.
[t]
~ sth
拥有并使用(车辆或机器等)to own and use a vehicle or machine
I can't afford to run a car on my salary.
我的工资养不起汽车。
10.
[i][t]
(使)运转,运行;操作to operate or function; to make sth do this
Stan had the chainsaw running.
斯坦开动了链锯。
Her life had always run smoothly before.
她以前的生活一直很稳定。
Our van runs on(= uses) diesel.
我们的货车用的是柴油。
Could you run the engine for a moment?
你来操作一会儿发动机好吗?
公共汽车;火车buses/trains
11.
[i]
(+ adv./prep.)
(按某路线)行驶to travel on a particular route
Buses to Oxford run every half-hour.
到牛津的汽车每半个小时发一趟。
All the trains are running late(= are leaving later than planned) .
所有的列车都晚点了。
12.
[t]
~ sth (+ adv./prep.)
使(按某一路线)行驶;使运行to make buses, trains, etc. travel on a particular route
They run extra trains during the rush hour.
他们在交通高峰时段加开了列车。
开车送某人drive sb
13.
[t]
(informal)
~ sb + adv./prep.
开车送to drive sb to a place in a car
Shall I run you home?
我开车送你回家好吗?
移往某处move somewhere
14.
[i]
+ adv./prep.
(向某处)快速移动to move, especially quickly, in a particular direction
The car ran off the road into a ditch.
汽车猛地开出路面,掉进沟里。
A shiver ran down my spine.
我猛然感到脊背发凉。
The sledge ran smoothly over the frozen snow.
雪橇在冻结的雪面上平稳地滑行。
The old tramlines are still there but now no trams run on them.
昔日的电车轨道还在,现在却没有电车在上面运行了。
15.
[t]
~ sth + adv./prep.
移动(某物)to move sth in a particular direction
She ran her fingers nervously through her hair.
她紧张地用手指拨弄头发。
I ran my eyes over the page.
我匆匆地看了看这一页。
引导;伸展lead/stretch
16.
[i][t]
(使)导向;引导;(使)伸展,延伸to lead or stretch from one place to another; to make sth do this
He had a scar running down his left cheek.
他左脸上竖着一道伤疤。
The road runs parallel to the river.
这条路和这条河是平行的。
We ran a cable from the lights to the stage.
我们从电灯那里拉了一条电缆通到舞台。
持续continue for time
17.
[i]
~ (for sth)
持续;延续to continue for a particular period of time without stopping
Her last musical ran for six months on Broadway.
她上一部音乐剧在百老汇连续上演了六个月。
This debate will run and run !
这场辩论会没完没了地继续下去!
18.
[i]
~ (for sth)
(在一段时间内)起作用,有效to operate or be valid for a particular period of time
The permit runs for three months.
许可证的有效期为三个月。
The lease on my house only has a year left to run.
我房子的租期只剩下一年了。
发生happen
19.
[i]
(在某时间)发生to happen at the time mentioned
Programmes are running a few minutes behind schedule this evening.
今晚播出的节目比预定的时间晚了几分钟。
The murderer was given three life sentences, to run concurrently.
这个杀人犯被判处三项无期徒刑,合并执行。
枪支、毒品等guns, drugs, etc.
20.
[t]
~ sth (+ adv./prep.)
走私;非法携运;秘密携带to bring or take sth into a country illegally and secretly
报道;论点of story/argument
21.
[i][t]
包含(某种词语、内容等)to have particular words, contents, etc.
Their argument ran something like this…
他们的论点大致是这样的…
‘Ten shot dead by gunmen,’ ran the newspaper headline.
报纸的标题为“枪手击毙十人”。
液体liquid
22.
[i]
+ adv./prep.
流淌;流动to flow
The tears ran down her cheeks.
泪水顺着她的脸淌下来。
Water was running all over the bathroom floor.
浴室里水流满地。
23.
[t]
使(液体)流动to make liquid flow
She ran hot water into the bucket.
她把热水注入桶里。
to run the hot tap(= to turn it so that water flows from it)
拧开热水龙头
I'll run a bath for you.
我去给你放洗澡水。
I'll run you a bath .
我去给你放洗澡水。
24.
[i]
输出,放出(液体)to send out a liquid
Who left the tap running?
谁没关水龙头?
Your nose is running(= mucus is flowing from it) .
你流鼻涕了。
The smoke makes my eyes run.
烟熏得我直流眼泪。
25.
[i]
~ with sth
被(液体)覆盖;流满to be covered with a liquid
His face was running with sweat.
他满脸是汗。
The bathroom floor was running with water.
浴室的地面上全是水。
颜色of colour
26.
[i]
掉色;退色if the colourruns in a piece of clothing when it gets wet, it dissolves and may come out of the clothing into other things
熔化melt
27.
[i]
熔化to melt
The wax began to run.
蜡开始熔化了。
是;成为be/become
28.
[i]
+ adj.
变成,成为,变得(尤指不利的变化)to become different in a particular way, especially a bad way
The river ran dry(= stopped flowing) during the drought.
这条河在干旱期间断流了。
Supplies are running low .
物资供应渐趋不足。
We've run short of milk.
我们牛奶不够了。
You've got your rivals running scared .
你已经使对手感到恐惧了。
29.
[i]
~ at sth
达到,接近(某程度)to be at or near a particular level
Inflation was running at 26%.
通货膨胀达到了 26%。
报章杂志of newspaper/magazine
30.
[t]
~ sth
发表;刊登to print and publish an item or a story
On advice from their lawyers they decided not to run the story.
根据他们的律师的建议,他们决定不刊载这篇报道。
测试;检验a test/check
31.
[t]
~ a test/check (on sth)
(对…)进行(测试或检验)to do a test/check on sth
The doctors decided to run some more tests on the blood samples.
医生决定对血样再进行一些化验。
选举in election
32.
[i]
(尤指在美国)参加竞选to be a candidate in an election for a political position, especially in the US
Bush ran a second time in 2004.
2004 年,布什第二次参选。
to run for president
竞选总统
to run in the election
参加竞选
裤袜;长袜of tights/stockings
33.
[i]
脱针;脱丝;抽丝if tights or stockingsrun , a long thin hole appears in them
IDM
大多数含 run 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 run riot 在词条 riot 下。Most idioms containingrun are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for examplerun riot is atriot .
She knew she had only to call and he would come running.
她知道只要打个电话,他就会高高兴兴地照办。
come running
赶紧做某人喜欢的事;急于应某人的要求to be pleased to do what sb wants
She knew she had only to call and he would come running.
她知道只要打个电话,他就会高高兴兴地照办。
run for it
逃跑to run in order to escape from sb/sth
It will be a lot easier when we have the database up and running.
等我们把数据库弄好以后,就省事多了。
up and running
全面而准确地运行working fully and correctly
It will be a lot easier when we have the database up and running.
等我们把数据库弄好以后,就省事多了。
徒步on foot
1.
[c]
跑;跑步;跑步的时间(或距离)an act of running; a period of time spent running or the distance that sb runs
I go for a run every morning.
我每天早晨都去跑步。
a five-mile run
跑上五英里
Catching sight of her he broke into a run(= started running) .
他一看见她就跑了起来。
I decided to make a run for it(= to escape by running) .
我决定逃跑。
She took the stairs at a run .
她跑着上了楼梯。
旅程trip
2.
[c]
(尤指短程或定期,乘交通工具的)旅程,航程a trip by car, plane, boat, etc., especially a short one or one that is made regularly
They took the car out for a run.
他们开车出去旅行。
成功;失败of success/failure
3.
[c]
一段(幸运或倒霉的)时光;一系列(成功或失败)a period of sth good or bad happening; a series of successes or failures
a run of good/bad luck
一连串好运╱噩运
Liverpool lost to Leeds, ending an unbeaten run of 18 games.
利物浦队输给了利兹队,结束了连续 18 场不败的纪录。
戏剧;电影of play/movie
4.
[c]
连续上演(或放映)a series of performances of a play or film/movie
The show had a record-breaking run in the London theatre.
这出戏在伦敦剧院连续上演,打破了演出纪录。
产品of product
5.
[c]
额定产量the amount of a product that a company decides to make at one time
The first print run of 6 000 copies sold out.
首印 6 000 册已全部售空。
money
6.
[c][ususing]
~ on the dollar, pound, etc.
抛售(美元、英镑等)a situation when many people sell dollars, etc. and the value of the money falls
7.
[c][ususing]
~ on a bank
(到银行)挤提,挤兑a situation when many people suddenly want to take their money out of a bank
急需sudden demand
8.
[c][ususing]
~ on sth
争购;抢购a situation when many people suddenly want to buy sth
a run on the band's latest CD
抢购这支乐队最新的激光唱片
态势way things happen
9.
[sing]
the ~ of sth
态势;状况;趋势;动向the way things usually happen; the way things seem to be happening on a particular occasion
In the normal run of things the only exercise he gets is climbing in and out of taxis.
他平时的唯一运动就是上下出租车。
Wise scored in the 15th minute against the run of play(= although the other team had seemed more likely to score) .
怀斯在比赛进行到 15 分钟的时候出人意料地得分。
体育运动in sports
10.
[c]
(滑雪或其他运动中的)坡道,滑道a sloping track used in skiing and some other sports
a ski/toboggan, etc. run
滑雪道、雪橇滑道等
11.
[c]
(板球或棒球中的)得分a point scored in the game of cricket or baseball
Our team won by four runs.
我们队以四分的优势取胜。
选举in election
12.
[sing]
竞选an act of trying to get elected to public office
He made an unsuccessful run for governor in 2008.
2008 年他竞选州长失败。
畜;禽for animals/birds
13.
[c]
饲养场a confined area in which animals or birds are kept as pets or on a farm
a chicken run
养鸡场
音乐in music
14.
[c]
(顺着音阶的)急奏,急唱a series of notes sung or played quickly up or down the scale
纸牌游戏in card games
15.
[c]
顺子a series of cards held by one player
IDM
He was very different from the general run of movie stars.
他和一般的电影明星迥然不同。
the common, general, ordinary, usual run (of sth)
普通类型the average type of sth
He was very different from the general run of movie stars.
他和一般的电影明星迥然不同。
Her dogs have the run of the house.
她的狗可以在家里自由活动。
give sb/get/have the run of sth
允许某人充分使用;获准充分使用to give sb/get/have permission to make full use of sth
Her dogs have the run of the house.
她的狗可以在家里自由活动。
give sb a (good) run for their money
不让…轻易取胜;与…进行激烈竞争to make sb try very hard, using all their skill and effort, in order to beat you in a game or competition
He's on the run from the police.
他在躲避警方的追捕。
I've been on the run all day and I'm exhausted.
我忙了一整天,累极了。
Here are some quick recipes for when you're eating on the run(= in a hurry) .
这是一些供匆忙用餐时用的快餐食谱。
on the run
躲避trying to avoid being captured
He's on the run from the police.
他在躲避警方的追捕。
(informal)
忙碌;不停地奔波continuously active and moving around
I've been on the run all day and I'm exhausted.
我忙了一整天,累极了。
Here are some quick recipes for when you're eating on the run(= in a hurry) .
这是一些供匆忙用餐时用的快餐食谱。

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