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scrape

US [skreɪp]
UK [skreɪp]
  • n.刮;擦伤;铲;刮铲声
  • v.擦伤;刮掉;削去;擦坏
  • Web刮下;擦痕
Simple Present:scrapes  Present Participle:scraping  Past Tense:scraped  
scrape
Show examples
v.
除去remove
1.
[t]
刮掉;削去to remove sth from a surface by moving sth sharp and hard like a knife across it
She scraped the mud off her boots.
她刮掉了靴子上的泥。
The kids had scraped their plates clean.
孩子们把自己的盘子擦得干干净净。
损坏damage
2.
[t]
擦坏;擦伤;刮坏;蹭破to rub sth by accident so that it gets damaged or hurt
She fell and scraped her knee.
她摔了一跤,把膝盖蹭破了。
I scraped the side of my car on the wall.
我车的一侧被墙刮了。
Sorry, I've scraped some paint off the car.
抱歉,我把车刮掉了一块漆。
The wire had scraped the skin from her fingers.
她的手指头让金属丝刮掉了皮。
发出声音make sound
3.
[i][t]
(使)发出刺耳的刮擦声to make an unpleasant noise by rubbing against a hard surface; to make sth do this
I could hear his pen scraping across the paper.
我听得见他的钢笔在纸上沙沙地响。
We could hear her scraping away at the violin.
我们听得见她正一个劲儿吱吱呀呀地拉小提琴。
Don't scrape your chairs on the floor.
别把椅子在地板上蹭得嘎吱嘎吱响。
艰难获取win with difficulty
4.
[t][i]
~ (sth)
艰难取得;勉强获得to manage to win or to get sth with difficulty
The team scraped a narrow victory last year.
这支队去年险胜。
I just scraped a pass in the exam.
我考试勉强及格。
They scraped a living by playing music on the streets.
他们在街头演奏音乐,勉强维持生活。
The government scraped home(= just won) by three votes.
政府以三票的微弱优势勉强过关。
在地上挖坑make hole in ground
5.
[t]
~ sth (out)
挖坑;挖洞to make a hole or hollow place in the ground
He found a suitable place, scraped a hole and buried the bag in it.
他找了个合适的地方,挖个坑,把包埋了进去。
朝后拢头发pull hair back
6.
[t]
~ your hair back
把头发拢在后面to pull your hair tightly back, away from your face
Her hair was scraped back from her face in a ponytail.
她的头发拢在后面,扎成一个马尾辫。
IDM
scrape (the bottom of) the barrel
(因别无选择)将就,凑合to have to use whatever things or people you can get, because there is not much choice available
n.
动作;声音action/sound
1.
[sing]
刮;铲;刮铲声;刮擦声the action or unpleasant sound of one thing rubbing roughly against another
the scrape of iron on stone
铁摩擦石头发出的嚓嚓声
损坏damage
2.
[c]
擦伤;擦痕an injury or a mark caused by rubbing against sth rough
She emerged from the overturned car with only a few scrapes and bruises.
她从翻了的车里钻出来,只擦破一点皮,碰了几块瘀青。
困境difficult situation
3.
[c]
自己造成的困境a difficult situation that you have caused yourself
He was always getting into scrapes as a boy.
他小时候老闯祸。

Sample Sentence

Definition:
Category:AllAll,OralOral,WrittenWritten,TitleTitle,TechnicalTechnical
Source:AllAll,DictionaryDictionary,WebWeb
Difficulty:AllAll,EasyEasy,MiddleMiddle,HardHard
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