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shake

美 [ʃeɪk]
英 [ʃeɪk]
  • v.摆脱;动摇;摇动;摇头
  • n.摇动;抖动;颤动;颤抖
  • 网络震动;摇晃;摇摆
过去式:shook  过去分词:shaken  现在分词:shaking  第三人称单数:shakes  
shake
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v.
物品;建筑物;人object/building/person
1.
[i][t]
摇动;抖动;(使)颤动to move or make sb/sth move with short quick movements from side to side or up and down
The whole house shakes when a train goes past.
火车驶过时,整座房子都颤动起来。
Shake the bottle well before use.
使用前摇匀瓶内物品。
He shook her violently by the shoulders.
他抓着她的肩膀使劲摇晃。
She shook her hair loose .
她头一摇,头发就散开了。
2.
[t]
~ sth + adv./prep.
摇(出);抖(掉)to move sth in a particular direction by shaking
She bent down to shake a pebble out of her shoe.
她弯下腰,把鞋里的一粒石子抖出来。
your head
3.
[t]
~ your head
摇头to turn your head from side to side as a way of saying ‘no’ or to show sadness, disapproval, doubt, etc.
She shook her head in disbelief.
她摇摇头,不相信。
hands
4.
[t]
(与某人)握手to take sb's hand and move it up and down as a way of saying hello or to show that you agree about sth
Do people in Italy shake hands when they meet?
在意大利,人们见面时握手吗?
They shook hands on the deal(= to show that they had reached an agreement) .
他们达成了协议,相互握手祝贺。
He shook my hand warmly.
他热情地和我握手。
Our host shook each of us warmly by the hand.
主人热情地和我们每个人握手。
拳头your fist
5.
[t]
~ your fist (at sb)
挥拳(威胁)to show that you are angry with sb; to threaten sb by shaking your fist (= closed hand)
身体of body
6.
[i]
~ (with sth)
颤抖;发抖;战栗;哆嗦to make short quick movements that you cannot control, for example because you are cold or afraid
He was shaking with fear.
他吓得发抖。
I was shaking like a leaf .
我像树叶似的直哆嗦。
Her hands had started to shake.
她的手早已哆嗦起来。
声音of voice
7.
[i]
~ (with sth)
颤抖to sound unsteady, usually because you are nervous, upset or angry
使震惊shock sb
8.
[t]
使非常震惊(或烦恼)to shock or upset sb very much
He was badly shaken by the news of her death.
听到她的死讯,他大为震惊。
The accident really shook her up.
出了事故,她烦透了。
信念;观点belief/idea
9.
[t]
~ sth
动摇to make a belief or an idea less certain
The incident had shaken her faith in him.
这件事动摇了她对他的信心。
This announcement is bound to shake the confidence of the industry.
这个声明必将动摇这一行业的信心。
去除get rid of
10.
[t]
去除;摆脱to get rid of sth
I can't seem to shake off this cold.
这场感冒我好像老好不了。
He couldn't shake the feeling that there was something wrong.
他总感觉有什么地方不对头。
IDM
shake in your shoes
(informal)
非常害怕(或紧张);战战兢兢;心惊肉跳to be very frightened or nervous
shake a leg
(informal)
(用于催促)快点动手,行动快点used to tell sb to start to do sth or to hurry
n.
动作movement
1.
[c][ususing]
摇动;抖动;颤动an act of shaking sth/sb
Give the bottle a good shake before opening.
打开瓶子前,先使劲摇一摇。
He dismissed the idea with a firm shake of his head(= turning it from side to side to mean ‘no’) .
他坚定地摇了摇头,否定了那个想法。
She gave him a shake to wake him.
她摇摇他,把他叫醒。
身体of body
2.
[pl]
(informal)
颤抖;战栗;哆嗦a physical condition in which you cannot stop your body from shaking because of fear, illness, or because you have drunk too much alcohol
I always get the shakes before exams.
考试前,我总是紧张得发抖。
IDM
in two shakes|in a couple of shakes
(informal)
立刻;马上very soon

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