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silence

美 [ˈsaɪləns]
英 ['saɪləns]
  • n.沉默;寂静;无声;缄默
  • v.压制;使安静;使不说话
  • int.静下来
  • 网络深情密码;静默;静音
复数:silences  现在分词:silencing  过去式:silenced  
silence
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n.
1.
[u]
寂静;无声a complete lack of noise or sound
Their footsteps echoed in the silence.
他们的脚步声在一片寂静中回荡着。
A scream broke the silence of the night.
一声尖叫划破了寂静的夜晚。
I need absolute silence when I'm working.
我工作时需要绝对的安静。
2.
[c][u]
沉默;缄默;默不作声a situation when nobody is speaking
an embarrassed/awkward silence
难堪╱尴尬的沉默
a moment's stunned silence
一时惊愕得说不出话来
I got used to his long silences.
我已习惯了他半天不说话的样子。
They finished their meal in total silence .
他们默不作声地吃完饭。
She lapsed into silence again.
她又沉默下来。
There was a deafening silence(= one that is very noticeable) .
四下里静得刺耳。
a two-minute silence in honour of those who had died
为死去的人默哀两分钟
3.
[u][sing]
缄默;缄口不谈;拒绝回答a situation in which sb refuses to talk about sth or to answer questions
She broke her public silence in a TV interview.
她接受了一次电视采访,就此结束了她不在公开场合说话的状态。
The company's silence on the subject has been taken as an admission of guilt.
公司在这个问题上保持沉默被当作是承认有罪。
the right to silence(= the legal right not to say anything when you are arrested)
沉默权
There is a conspiracy of silence about what is happening(= everyone has agreed not to discuss it) .
对于发生的事情,大家一致保持缄默。
4.
[u]
互相不通音信的情形;无书信(或电话)联系a situation in which people do not communicate with each other by letter or telephone
The phone call came after months of silence.
几个月没有音信之后,打来了一个电话。
IDM
silence is golden
沉默是金it is often best not to say anything
v.
1.
~ sb/sth
使安静;使不说话to make sb/sth stop speaking or making a noise
She silenced him with a glare.
她瞪了他一眼,他就不作声了。
Our bombs silenced the enemy's guns(= they destroyed them) .
我们的轰炸把敌人的炮火打哑了。
2.
~ sb/sth
压制,使不再发表(反对意见)to make sb stop expressing opinions that are opposed to yours
All protest had been silenced.
一切反对的声音都被压了下去。
Her recent achievements have silenced her critics.
她近来取得的成果让那些批评她的人无话可说了。
int.
1.
(用以让人们安静)安静,静下来used to tell people to be quiet
Silence in court!
法庭内保持肃静!

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