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sink

美 [sɪŋk]
英 [sɪŋk]
  • v.下沉;沉没;沉降;下陷
  • adj.位于贫穷地区的;贫民窟的
  • n.洗碗槽
  • 网络水槽;洗涤槽;接收器
过去式:sank  过去式:sunk sunk  过去式:sunken  第三人称单数:sinks  现在分词:sinking  
sink
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v.
在水╱泥等里in water/mud, etc.
1.
[i]
下沉;下陷;沉没to go down below the surface or towards the bottom of a liquid or soft substance
The ship sank to the bottom of the sea.
船沉入海底。
We're sinking!
我们正在下沉!
The wheels started to sink into the mud.
车轮渐渐陷进泥里。
to sink like a stone
立即沉没
船只boat
2.
[t]
~ sth
使下沉;使沉没to damage a boat or ship so that it goes below the surface of the sea, etc.
a battleship sunk by a torpedo
被鱼雷击沉的战列舰
倒下;坐下fall/sit down
3.
[i]
+ adv./prep.
倒下;坐下to move downwards, especially by falling or sitting down
I sank into an armchair.
我坐到扶手椅上。
She sank back into her seat, exhausted.
她筋疲力尽,又坐回椅子上。
The old man had sunk to his knees .
老头跪在了地上。
下降move downwards
4.
[i]
下沉;下陷;沉降to move slowly downwards
The sun was sinking in the west.
太阳西下。
The foundations of the building are starting to sink.
楼房的地基开始下陷。
减弱become weaker
5.
[i]
降低;减少;减弱to decrease in amount, volume, strength, etc.
The pound has sunk to its lowest recorded level against the dollar.
英镑对美元的比价降到了有记录以来最低水平。
He is clearly sinking fast(= getting weaker quickly and will soon die) .
很明显,他的身体在急剧衰弱。
声音of voice
6.
[i]
变低;变小to become quieter
Her voice sank to a whisper.
她的声音变成了耳语。
在地上挖掘dig in ground
7.
[t]
~ sth
挖,掘(深坑、深洞)to make a deep hole in the ground
to sink a well/shaft/mine
掘水井╱竖井╱矿井
8.
[t]
~ sth (+ adv./prep.)
埋入;打下to place sth in the ground by digging
to sink a post into the ground
在地下埋入一根杆子
使不成功prevent success
9.
[t]
(informal)
~ sth/sb
使失败;使受挫;阻挠to prevent sb or sb's plans from succeeding
I think I've just sunk my chances of getting the job.
我想,我刚刚葬送了得到那份工作的机会。
If the car breaks down, we'll be sunk(= have serious problems) .
要是车坏了,咱们可就惨了。
ball
10.
[t]
~ sth
(高尔夫球)击球入洞;(斯诺克)击球入袋to hit a ball into a hole in golf or snooker
He sank a 12-foot putt to win the match.
他以一记 12 英尺的轻击入洞赢了比赛。
alcohol
11.
[t]
(informal)
~ sth
猛喝;灌to drink sth quickly, especially a large amount of alcohol
IDM
She just sat there, sunk in thought.
她只一味地坐在那儿,陷入了沉思。
be sunk in sth
陷入不快(或沉思)中to be in a state of unhappiness or deep thought
She just sat there, sunk in thought.
她只一味地坐在那儿,陷入了沉思。
(like rats) deserting/leaving a sinking ship
(比喻只顾自己而离开处于困境中的机构等)(像)逃离沉船(的老鼠)used to talk about people who leave an organization, a company, etc. that is having difficulties, without caring about the people who are left
sink your differences
摒弃分歧;搁置歧见to agree to forget about your disagreements
a/that sinking feeling
(informal)
不祥的感觉;沮丧之情an unpleasant feeling that you get when you realize that sth bad has happened or is going to happen
The new students were just left to sink or swim.
学校完全让新生自生自灭。
sink or swim
不自救,必沉沦;自己努力,以求生存to be in a situation where you will either succeed by your own efforts or fail completely
The new students were just left to sink or swim.
学校完全让新生自生自灭。
Stealing from your friends? How could you sink so low?
偷到你的朋友头上了?你怎么能堕落到这种地步呢?
I can't believe that anyone would sink to such depths.
我无法相信竟然有人能堕落到这种程度。
sink so low|sink to sth
堕落到这种地步;沉沦到某种程度to have such low moral standards that you do sth very bad
Stealing from your friends? How could you sink so low?
偷到你的朋友头上了?你怎么能堕落到这种地步呢?
I can't believe that anyone would sink to such depths.
我无法相信竟然有人能堕落到这种程度。
n.
1.
(厨房里的)洗涤池,洗碗槽a large open container in a kitchen that has taps/faucets to supply water and that you use for washing dishes in
Don't just leave your dirty plates in the sink!
别把脏盘子往洗碗槽里一放就不管了!
I felt chained to the kitchen sink(= I had to spend all my time doing jobs in the house) .
我觉得就像拴在了灶台上一样。
adj.
1.
[obn]
位于贫穷地区的;贫民窟的located in a poor area where social conditions are bad
the misery of life in sink estates
贫民窟里的悲惨生活
a sink school
贫困地区的学校

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