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spare

US [sper]
UK [speə(r)]
  • v.抽出;匀出;饶恕;不遗余力
  • adj.不用的;闲置的;备用的;外加的
  • n.备用品;备用轮胎
  • Web多余的;空闲的;节约
Simple Present:spares  Present Participle:sparing  Past Tense:spared  
spare
Show examples
adj.
用不着not used/needed
1.
[ubn]
不用的;闲置的that is not being used or is not needed at the present time
We've got a spare bedroom, if you'd like to stay.
要是愿意你就住下,我们空着一间卧室。
I'm afraid I haven't got any spare cash .
恐怕我手头没有多余的现金。
Are there any tickets going spare(= are there any available, not being used by sb else) ?
有多余的票吗?
外加extra
2.
[obn]
备用的;外加的kept in case you need to replace the one you usually use; extra
a spare key/tyre
备用钥匙╱轮胎
Take some spare clothes in case you get wet.
多带几件衣服,以备身上弄湿了好穿。
时间time
3.
空闲的;空余的available to do what you want with rather than work
He's studying music in his spare time .
他在空闲时间学音乐。
I haven't had a spare moment this morning.
我一上午一会儿也没闲着。
person
4.
瘦的;瘦高的thin, and usually quite tall
IDM
go spare
(informal)
气急败坏;焦虑万分to become very angry or upset
v.
时间、钱、房间、心思等time/money/room/thought, etc.
1.
抽出;拨出;留出;匀出to make sth such as time or money available to sb or for sth, especially when it requires an effort for you to do this
I'd love to have a break, but I can't spare the time just now.
我是想休息一下,可眼下找不出时间。
Could you spare one of your staff to help us out?
你能不能从你手下抽一个人过来帮帮我们?
We can only spare one room for you.
我们只能给你腾出一个房间。
You should spare a thought for(= think about) the person who cleans up after you.
你应该为随后打扫的人着想啊。
Surely you can spare me a few minutes?
你应该能为我空出几分钟时间吧?
免得痛苦╱麻烦save sb pain/trouble
2.
省得;免去to save sb/yourself from having to go through an unpleasant experience
He wanted to spare his mother any anxiety.
他不想让母亲有丝毫的担忧。
Please spare me(= do not tell me) the gruesome details .
那些让人毛骨悚然的细节就请你不要讲了。
You could have spared yourself an unnecessary trip by phoning in advance.
你要是先打个电话就用不着跑这一趟了。
She was spared from the ordeal of appearing in court.
她无须出庭受折磨了。
不伤害;不损坏not harm/damage
3.
[usupass]
~ sb/sth (from sth)
饶恕;赦免;放过;使逃脱to allow sb/sth to escape harm, damage or death, especially when others do not escape it
They killed the men but spared the children.
他们杀死了大人,但放过了孩子。
During the bombing only one house was spared(= was not hit by a bomb) .
在轰炸中,只有一座房子幸免。
Hong Kong was spared a direct hit, but the storm still brought heavy rains and powerful winds.
香港虽然未遭正面吹袭,但风暴还是带来了大雨和强风。
尽力、破费等no effort/ expense, etc.
4.
~ no effort, expense, etc.
不吝惜(时间、金钱)to do everything possible to achieve sth or to do sth well without trying to limit the time or money involved
He spared no effort to make her happy again.
为使她重新快乐起来,他想尽了办法。
No expense was spared in furnishing the new office.
装潢新办公室不惜工本。
努力工作work hard
5.
not ~ yourself
不遗余力to work as hard as possible
IDM
spare sbs blushes
不让某人难堪;免得某人丢面子to save sb from an embarrassing situation
spare sbs feelings
不惹某人难受;避免触及某人的痛处to be careful not to do or say anything that might upset sb
I've got absolutely no money to spare this month.
我这个月一点儿富余钱都没有。
We arrived at the airport with five minutes to spare.
我们赶到机场时还剩五分钟。
to spare
多余;富余if you have time, money, etc.to spare , you have more than you need
I've got absolutely no money to spare this month.
我这个月一点儿富余钱都没有。
We arrived at the airport with five minutes to spare.
我们赶到机场时还剩五分钟。
n.
1.
备用品;备用轮胎an extra thing that you keep in case you need to replace the one you usually use (used especially about a tyre of a car)
to get the spare out of the boot/trunk
从汽车行李箱中取出备用轮胎
I've lost my key and I haven't got a spare.
我把钥匙丢了,还没有备用的。

Sample Sentence

Definition:
Category:AllAll,OralOral,WrittenWritten,TitleTitle,TechnicalTechnical
Source:AllAll,DictionaryDictionary,WebWeb
Difficulty:AllAll,EasyEasy,MiddleMiddle,HardHard
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