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spread

美 [spred]
英 [spred]
  • n.传播;蔓延;扩展;散布
  • v.传播;扩散;展开;散布
  • adj.广大的;大幅的;(宝石)薄而无光泽的
  • 网络价差;伸展;利差
第三人称单数:spreads  现在分词:spreading  
spread
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v.
展开;铺开open/arrange
1.
[t]
~ sth (out) (on/over sth)
展开;打开to open sth that has been folded so that it covers a larger area than before
to spread a cloth on a table
在桌上铺桌布
Sue spread the map out on the floor.
休在地板上摊开地图。
The bird spread its wings.
鸟展开翅膀。
2.
[t]
~ sth (out) (on/over sth)
摊开;使散开to arrange objects so that they cover a large area and can be seen easily
Papers had been spread out on the desk.
各种报纸摊在书桌上。
双臂;双腿arms/legs
3.
[t]
~ sth (out)
张开;伸开to move your arms, legs, fingers, etc. far apart from each other
She spread her arms and the child ran towards her.
她张开双臂,孩子向她跑来。
在人们中间among people
4.
[i][t]
传播;散布;(使)流传to affect or make sth affect, be known by, or used by more and more people
The disease spreads easily.
这种疾病容易传播。
Within weeks, his confidence had spread throughout the team.
短短几个星期,他的信心感染了全体队员。
Use of computers spread rapidly during that period.
在那个时期,计算机的应用迅速普及开来。
to spread rumours/lies about sb
散布关于某人的谣言╱谎言
The disease is spread by mosquitoes.
这种疾病通过蚊子传播。
覆盖大面积cover large area
5.
[i][t]
(使)蔓延,扩散,散开to cover, or to make sth cover, a larger and larger area
The fire rapidly spread to adjoining buildings.
大火迅速蔓延到了邻近的建筑物。
Water began to spread across the floor.
水开始漫过地板。
A smile spread slowly across her face.
微笑慢慢在她脸上绽开。
Using too much water could spread the stain.
用水太多可能使污迹扩散。
6.
[t]
~ sb/sth
使分散;使分布to cause sb/sth to be in a number of different places
Seeds and pollen are spread by the wind.
种子和花粉是随风传播的。
We have 10 000 members spread all over the country.
我们有 1 万名成员分布在全国各地。
7.
[i]
~ (out) + adv./prep.
延伸;伸展;扩张to cover a large area
The valley spread out beneath us.
山谷在我们下方延伸。
稀软的层面soft layer
8.
[t][i]
涂;敷to put a layer of a substance onto the surface of sth; to be able to be put onto a surface
to spread butter on pieces of toast
在烤面包片上抹黄油
pieces of toast spread with butter
抹了黄油的烤面包片
If the paint is too thick, it will not spread evenly.
油漆如果太稠就涂不均匀。
划分;分摊divide/share
9.
[t]
分(若干次)进行;由(若干人)分摊to separate sth into parts and divide them between different times or different people
Why not pay monthly and spread the cost of your car insurance?
你为什么不把汽车保险费按月分期支付呢?
A series of five interviews will be spread over two days.
一共五次面谈,分两天进行。
We attempted to spread the workload between the departments.
我们试图把工作分摊给各部门。
IDM
spread like wildfire
像野火般蔓延;迅速传开to become known by more and more people very quickly
They have spread their net far and wide in the search for a new team coach.
他们撒开网四处物色新的球队教练。
spread your net
考虑到多种可能;大面积地排查;撒开网(寻找)to consider a wide range of possibilities or cover a large area, especially to try to find sb/sth
They have spread their net far and wide in the search for a new team coach.
他们撒开网四处物色新的球队教练。
spread your wings
展翅高飞(更自信地尝试新事物)to become more independent and confident and try new activities, etc.
spread the word
散布消息to tell people about sth
spread yourself too thin
样样都抓哪样都抓不好to try to do so many different things at the same time that you do not do any of them well
n.
扩大increase
1.
[u]
传播;散布;扩展;蔓延an increase in the amount or number of sth that there is, or in the area that is affected by sth
to prevent the spread of disease
防止疾病的传播
to encourage the spread of information
促进信息的传播
the spread of a city into the surrounding areas
城市向周边地区的扩展
广泛;多样range/variety
2.
[c][ususing]
广泛;多样a range or variety of people or things
a broad spread of opinions
各种各样的意见
面包on bread
3.
[c][u]
抹在面包上的东西a soft food that you put on bread
Use a low-fat spread instead of butter.
不要抹黄油,抹点低脂肪的东西吧。
cheese spread
奶酪酱
所占区域area covered
4.
[c][ususing]
~ (of sth)
涉及区域;活动范围the area that sth exists in or happens in
The company has a good geographical spread of hotels in this country.
该公司在这个国家开设的饭店地理分布相当广。
5.
[c][ususing]
~ (of sth)
宽度;面积;翼展how wide sth is or the area that sth covers
The bird's wings have a spread of nearly a metre.
这只鸟翼展近一米。
报刊in newspaper/magazine
6.
[c]
(尤指横贯两版的)文章,广告an article or advertisement in a newspaper or magazine, especially one that covers two opposite pages
The story continued with a double-page spread on the inside pages.
这篇报道在报纸的内页有横贯两版的后续部分。
餐食meal
7.
[c]
(informal)
丰盛的餐食a large meal, especially one that is prepared for a special occasion
They had laid on a huge spread for the party.
他们为聚会安排了丰盛的食物。
陆地;水域of land/water
8.
[c][ususing]
~ (of sth)
区域;一大片an area of land or water
a vast spread of water
浩瀚的水域
They have a huge spread in California(= a large farm or ranch ) .
他们在加利福尼亚拥有大片的土地。
金融finance
9.
[u]
(两种价格或比率的)差额,差幅the difference between two rates or prices

例句

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