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state

美 [steɪt]
英 [steɪt]
  • n.状态;国家;状况;州
  • v.说明;陈述;声明;规定
  • adj.国家提供(或控制)的;国事礼仪(或规格)的;州的;邦的
  • 网络状态模式;政府;情形
复数:states  现在分词:stating  过去式:stated  
state
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n.
状态condition of sb/sth
1.
[c]
状态;状况;情况the mental, emotional or physical condition that a person or thing is in
a confused state of mind
思绪纷乱
He was in a state of permanent depression.
他一直处于消沉状态。
anxieties about the state of the country's economy
对于国家经济状况的担忧
The building is in a bad state of repair(= needs to be repaired) .
那座房子年久失修。
She was in a state of shock .
她震惊不已。
Look at the state of you! You can't go out looking like that.
看看你这副样子!你可不能就这么出去。
You're not in a fit state to drive.
你现在的状态不宜开车。
国家country
2.
[c]
国家a country considered as an organized political community controlled by one government
the Baltic States
波罗的海诸国
European Union member states
欧盟成员国
国家的一部分part of country
3.
[c]
州;邦an organized political community forming part of a country
the states of Victoria and Western Australia
维多利亚州和西澳大利亚州
the southern states of the US
美国南方各州
政府government
4.
[u][sing]
政府the government of a country
matters/affairs of state
国家大事
people who are financially dependent on the state
依靠国家救济的人
a state-owned company
国营公司
They wish to limit the power of the State.
他们希望限制政府权力。
正式礼仪official ceremony
5.
[u]
(适用于国家元首或政府首脑的)正式礼仪,隆重仪式the formal ceremonies connected with high levels of government or with kings and queens
The president was driven in state through the streets.
总统乘车隆重地从街上穿过。
美国the US
6.
[pl]
(informal)
美国the United States of America
I've never been to the States.
我从未去过美国。
IDM
She was in a real state about her exams.
她对考试感到很紧张。
What a state this place is in!
这地方真够乱的!
be in/get into a state
兴奋;紧张;焦虑to be/become excited or anxious
She was in a real state about her exams.
她对考试感到很紧张。
邋遢;凌乱;不整洁to be dirty or untidy
What a state this place is in!
这地方真够乱的!
in a state of grace
(天主教指灵魂上没有大罪的状态)受天主眷爱,蒙受恩宠(in the Roman Catholic Church) having been forgiven by God for the wrong or evil things you have done
This state of affairs can no longer be ignored.
再不能无视这种情况了。
a state of affairs
事态;情况;形势a situation
This state of affairs can no longer be ignored.
再不能无视这种情况了。
What is the current state of play in the peace talks?
和平谈判目前进展得怎么样?
the state of play
进展情况;发展阶段the stage that has been reached in a process, etc. which has not yet been completed
What is the current state of play in the peace talks?
和平谈判目前进展得怎么样?
(板球等比赛的)比分the score in a sports match, especially in cricket
adj.
政府government
1.
国家提供(或控制)的provided or controlled by the government of a country
state education
公办教育
families dependent on state benefits(= in Britain, money given by the government to people who are poor)
靠政府救济金生活的家庭
state secrets(= information that could be harmful to a country if it were discovered by an enemy)
国家机密
官方official
2.
国事礼仪(或规格)的connected with the leader of a country attending an official ceremony
The Queen is on a state visit to Moscow.
女王正对莫斯科进行国事访问。
the state opening of Parliament
隆重的议会开幕式
the state apartments(= used for official ceremonies)
国事活动厅
国家的一部分part of country
3.
州的;邦的connected with a particular state of a country, especially in the US
a state prison/hospital/university, etc.
州监狱、州立医院、州立大学等
state police/troopers
州警察
a state tax
州税
v.
1.
陈述;说明;声明to formally write or say sth, especially in a careful and clear way
He has already stated his intention to run for election.
他已声明打算参加竞选。
The facts are clearly stated in the report.
报道对事实真相作了清楚的说明。
There is no need to state the obvious(= to say sth that everyone already knows) .
显而易见的事实就不必陈述了。
State clearly how many tickets you require.
说清楚你需要多少张票。
He stated categorically that he knew nothing about the deal.
他明确表示对那笔交易一无所知。
It was stated that standards at the hospital were dropping.
据称,那家医院的医疗水准在不断下降。
The contract was stated to be invalid.
那份合同宣布作废。
2.
[usupass]
~ sth
规定;公布to fix or announce the details of sth, especially on a written document
This is not one of their stated aims.
在他们宣布的目标里没有这一条。
You must arrive at the time stated.
你必须在规定时间到达。
Do not exceed the stated dose(= of medicine) .
不要超过规定的剂量。

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