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strain

美 [streɪn]
英 [streɪn]
  • n.压力;品系;应力;张力
  • v.扭伤;拉紧;滤;损伤
  • 网络应变;紧张;菌株
第三人称单数:strains  现在分词:straining  过去式:strained  
strain
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n.
担忧;焦虑worry/anxiety
1.
[u][c]
压力;重负;重压之下出现的问题(或担忧等)pressure on sb/sth because they have too much to do or manage, or sth very difficult to deal with; the problems, worry or anxiety that this produces
Their marriage is under great strain at the moment.
眼下他们的婚姻关系非常紧张。
These repayments are putting a strain on our finances.
偿还这些债务对我们的财务状况形成了压力。
Relax, and let us take the strain(= do things for you) .
你歇一下,我们来顶一会儿。
The transport service cannot cope with the strain of so many additional passengers.
运输部门无法应对临时增加这么多乘客所带来的紧张局面。
You will learn to cope with the stresses and strains of public life.
你要学会怎样应付公众人物生活的紧张和辛劳。
I found it a strain having to concentrate for so long.
我觉得这么长时间全神贯注挺累的。
物理压力physical pressure
2.
[u][c]
压力;拉力;张力;应力the pressure that is put on sth when a physical force stretches, pushes, or pulls it
The rope broke under the strain .
绳子给拉断了。
You should try not to place too much strain on muscles and joints.
你要尽量不让肌肉和关节太吃力。
The ground here cannot take the strain of a large building.
这块地承受不住大型建筑的压力。
The cable has a 140kg breaking strain(= it will break when it is stretched or pulled by a force greater than this) .
这种缆索的断裂应变力为 140 公斤。
损伤injury
3.
[c][u]
劳损;拉伤;扭伤an injury to a part of your body, such as a muscle, that is caused by using it too much or by twisting it
a calf/groin/leg strain
腿肚子╱腹股沟╱腿部拉伤
muscle strain
肌肉劳损
动植物╱疾病种类type of plant/animal/disease
4.
[c]
(动、植物的)系,品系,品种;(疾病的)类型a particular type of plant or animal, or of a disease caused by bacteria, etc.
a new strain of mosquitoes resistant to the poison
对这种毒药有抗药性的新品种蚊子
This is only one of the many strains of the disease.
这种病有许多类型,这只是其中之一。
性格in sb's character
5.
[c][ususing]
个性特点;性格倾向;禀性a particular tendency in the character of a person or group, or a quality in their manner
He had a definite strain of snobbery in him.
他这个人明显有一股势利小人的气味。
音乐of music
6.
[c][usupl]
乐曲;曲调;旋律the sound of music being played or sung
She could hear the strains of Mozart through the window.
她听见从窗户飘出的莫扎特的旋律。
v.
损伤injure
1.
[t]
~ sth/yourself
损伤;拉伤;扭伤to injure yourself or part of your body by making it work too hard
to strain a muscle
拉伤肌肉
尽力make effort
2.
[t][i]
尽力;竭力;使劲to make an effort to do sth, using all your mental or physical strength
I strained my ears(= listened very hard) to catch what they were saying.
我竖起耳朵去听他们在说些什么。
Necks were strained for a glimpse of the stranger.
大家伸长了脖子想看一看这个陌生人。
People were straining to see what was going on.
人们翘首企足看发生了什么事。
He burst to the surface, straining for air.
他冲出水面,使劲吸气。
Bend gently to the left without straining.
轻轻向左弯,不要用力。
使达到极限stretch to limit
3.
[t]
~ sth
过度使用;使不堪承受to try to make sth do more than it is able to do
The sudden influx of visitors is straining hotels in the town to the limit.
游客突然涌入,城里的旅馆全都爆满。
His constant complaints were straining our patience.
他没完没了的抱怨让我们忍无可忍。
The dispute has strained relations between the two countries(= made them difficult) .
这场争端使两国关系紧张起来。
用力推╱拉push/pull hard
4.
[i]
+ adv./prep.
用力推(或拉);拉紧to push hard against sth; to pull hard on sth
She strained against the ropes that held her.
她使劲挣了挣拴着她的绳子。
The dogs were straining at the leash , eager to get to the park.
几条狗用力拽着皮带,急于要去公园。
过滤separate solid from liquid
5.
[t]
滤;过滤to pour food, etc. through sth with very small holes in it, for example a sieve , in order to separate the solid part from the liquid part
Use a colander to strain the vegetables.
把蔬菜放在漏筐里控控水。
Strain off any excess liquid.
滤掉多余的液体。
IDM
Like all youngsters, he's straining at the leash to leave home.
跟所有年轻人一样,他也急于离开家生活。
strain at the leash
(informal)
急于;迫不及待to want to do sth very much
Like all youngsters, he's straining at the leash to leave home.
跟所有年轻人一样,他也急于离开家生活。
strain every nerve/sinew (to do sth)
竭尽全力(做某事)to try as hard as you can to do sth

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