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tell

美 [tel]
英 [tel]
  • v.告诉;说;讲述;知道
  • n.【考古】(层层覆盖古代遗址的)人工丘阜;传闻
  • 网络吩咐;辨别;电话
过去式:told  第三人称单数:tells  现在分词:telling  
tell
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v.
提供信息give information
1.
[t]
告诉;告知to give information to sb by speaking or writing
He told the news to everybody he saw.
他逢人便讲这个消息。
He told everybody he saw the news.
他逢人便讲这个消息。
Did she tell you her name?
她告诉你她的姓名了吗?
What did I tell you ?(= you should have listened to my advice)
我跟你说什么来着?
Why wasn't I told about the accident?
为什么没人把这次事故告诉我?
They've told us (that) they're not coming.
他们已跟我们说过不来了。
I kept telling myself (that) everything was OK.
我不断告诉自己一切都没问题。
Are you telling me you didn't have any help with this?(= I don't believe what you have said)
你是说在这件事情上你没有得到过任何帮助吗?
Tell me where you live.
告诉我你住哪儿?
‘I'm ready to go now,’ he told her.
“我现在可以走了。”他对她说。
2.
[t]
提供(情况);说明;显示to give information about sth
The advertisement told us very little about the product.
这则广告提供的产品情况很少。
This gauge tells you how much fuel you have left.
这油表显示还剩有多少燃料。
The sound of his breathing told her (that) he was asleep.
她从他呼吸的声音中听出来他睡着了。
用言语表达express in words
3.
[t]
讲述;说;表达to express sth in words
to tell stories/jokes/lies
讲故事;说笑话;撒谎
Are you sure you're telling the truth ?
你说的真是实话吗?
I can't tell you how happy I am.
我无法向你表达我多么高兴。
秘密secret
4.
[i]
(informal)
泄露(秘密);告发to let sb know a secret
Promise you won't tell.
你要保证不往外讲。
‘Who are you going out with tonight?’ ‘ That would be telling !’(= it's a secret)
“你今晚要和谁约会?”“那可不能讲!”(是个秘密)
命令order
5.
[t]
命令;指示;吩咐to order or advise sb to do sth
He was told to sit down and wait.
有人吩咐他坐下等着。
There was a sign telling motorists to slow down.
有一个让汽车司机减速的指示牌。
I kept telling myself to keep calm.
我不断叮嘱自己要保持冷静。
Do what I tell you.
你要照我的吩咐做。
Children must do as they're told .
孩子们必须听话。
Don't tell me what to do!
别跟我说该怎么办!
The doctor told me (that) I should eat less fat.
医生嘱咐我要少吃油腻。
知道;判断know/judge
6.
[i][t]
知道;看出;确切地判断to know, see or judge sth correctly
I think he's happy. It's hard to tell .
我想他是幸福的。这很难说。
As far as I can tell , she's enjoying the course.
据我判断,她喜欢这门课程。
I could tell (that) he was angry from his expression.
从他的表情我看得出他生气了。
‘That's not an original.’ ‘How can you tell?’
“那不是正本。”“你怎么知道的?”
The only way to tell if you like something is by trying it.
要判定是否喜欢一件东西,唯一的办法是试一试。
辨别distinguish
7.
[t]
识别;分辨;区分;辨认to distinguish one thing or person from another
It was hard to tell the difference between the two versions.
很难分辨出这两个版本有什么区别。
Can you tell Tom from his twin brother?
你能分得出汤姆和他的孪生弟弟吗?
It's difficult to tell them apart .
很难把他们区分开来。
The kittens look exactly alike─how can you tell which is which ?
这些小猫看上去一模一样,你怎么能分辨出哪只是哪只呢?
有影响have effect
8.
[i]
~ (on sb)
产生效果,发生影响(尤指负面影响)to have an effect on sb/sth, especially a bad one
The strain was beginning to tell on the rescue team.
过度的疲劳开始让救援队吃不消了。

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