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this

美 [ðɪs]
英 [ðɪs]
  • pron.这;这里;这时;(前述二物中的)后者
  • adj.这;即将来到的;今…
  • adv.这个;本;这样;这么
  • 网络这场;此;这位
复数:these  
this
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det.
1.
(指较近的人或事物)这,这个used to refer to a particular person, thing or event that is close to you, especially compared with another
How long have you been living in this country?
你在这个国家居住多久啦?
Well, make up your mind. Which do you want? This one or that one?
哎,拿定主意。你要哪一个?这个还是那个?
I think you'll find these more comfortable than those.
我想你会觉得这些比那些更舒适。
Is this your bag?
这是你的包吗?
2.
(指已提到过的人或事物)这,这个used to refer to sth/sb that has already been mentioned
There was a court case resulting from this incident.
这一事件引起一宗庭审案件。
The boy was afraid and the dog had sensed this.
男孩害怕了,狗已经察觉到这一点。
What's this I hear about you getting married?
我听说你结婚了,这是怎么回事?
3.
(介绍人或展示事物时用)这,这样used for introducing sb or showing sth to sb
Hello, this is Maria Diaz(= on the telephone) .
喂,我是玛丽亚 ) 迪亚兹。
Jo, this is Kate(= when you are introducing them) .
乔,这位是凯特。
This is the captain speaking.
我是船长。
Listen to this.
听听这个。
Do it like this(= in the way I am showing you) .
照这样去做。
4.
(与和现在有关的一段时间连用)今,本,这个,现在used with periods of time related to the present
this week/month/year
本周;本月;今年
I saw her this morning(= today in the morning) .
今天早晨我见到过她。
Do you want me to come this Tuesday(= Tuesday of this week) or next Tuesday?
你要我本周二还是下周二来?
Do it this minute(= now) .
现在就做。
He never comes to see me these days(= now, as compared with the past) .
近来他一直不来看我。
5.
(informal)
~ sth of sb's
(尤指说话者抱有既定看法的人或事物)…的这个(或这些)used to refer to sb/sth that is connected with a person, especially when you have a particular attitude towards it or them
These new friends of hers are supposed to be very rich.
她的这些新朋友想必都很富有。
6.
(informal)
(述说时用)有个used when you are telling a story or telling sb about sth
There was this strange man sitting next to me on the plane.
在飞机上有个奇怪的人坐在我身旁。
I've been getting these pains in my chest.
我胸部一直有一些疼痛感。
IDM
‘What did you talk about? ’ ‘Oh, this and that.’
“你们谈什么来着?”“噢,无所不谈。”
this and that|this, that and the other
(informal)
这样那样;各种事情;各种各样的活动various things or activities
‘What did you talk about? ’ ‘Oh, this and that.’
“你们谈什么来着?”“噢,无所不谈。”
adv.
1.
这样;这么to this degree; so
It's about this high(= as high as I am showing you with my hands) .
大约有这么高。
I didn't think we'd get this far.
我未曾想到我们会走得这么远。

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