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through

美 [θru]
英 [θruː]
  • adv.通过;直达;彻底;自始至终
  • prep.穿过;以;由于;贯穿
  • adj.结束;全程的;直通的;(道路或路线)直通的
  • 网络透过;经过;穿越
through
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prep.
1.
从…一端至另一端;穿过;贯穿from one end or side of sth/sb to the other
The burglar got in through the window.
盗贼是从窗户进来的。
The bullet went straight through him.
子弹从他身上穿了过去。
Her knees had gone through(= made holes in) her jeans.
她的膝盖把牛仔裤磨破了。
The sand ran through(= between) my fingers.
沙子从我的手指缝间漏了下去。
The path led through the trees to the river.
这条小路穿过树林通向河边。
The doctor pushed his way through the crowd.
医生挤过人群。
The Charles River flows through Boston.
查尔斯河流经波士顿。
2.
see, hear, etc. ~ sth
透过…看到;隔着…听到to see, hear, etc. sth from the other side of an object or a substance
I couldn't hear their conversation through the wall.
我隔墙听不到他们的交谈。
He could just make out three people through the mist.
透过薄雾他勉强能看出有三个人。
3.
自始至终;从头到尾from the beginning to the end of an activity, a situation or a period of time
The children are too young to sit through a concert.
这些孩子年纪太小,音乐会没完就坐不住了。
He will not live through the night.
他活不过今天晚上了。
I'm halfway through(= reading) her second novel.
她的第二部小说我看了一半了。
4.
通过(障碍、阶段或测试);穿过past a barrier, stage or test
Go through this gate, and you'll see the house on your left.
你穿过这道大门,就看到左面的房子了。
He drove through a red light(= passed it when he should have stopped) .
他开车闯了红灯。
First I have to get through the exams.
首先我必须通过这些考试。
The bill had a difficult passage through Parliament.
这项提案费了一番周折才在议会上通过。
I'd never have got through it all(= a difficult situation) without you.
假如没有您,我是绝对渡不过这个难关的。
5.
直至,一直到(所指时间包括在内)until, and including
We'll be in New York Tuesday through Friday.
我们从星期二到星期五将一直待在纽约。
6.
以;凭借;因为;由于by means of; because of
You can only achieve success through hard work.
你得孜孜不倦方能成功。
It was through him(= as a result of his help) that I got the job.
我全靠他的帮助才找到这份工作。
The accident happened through no fault of mine.
发生事故并不是我的过错。
adv.
1.
从一端到另一端;通过from one end or side of sth to the other
Put the coffee in the filter and let the water run through.
把咖啡放入过滤器里让水流过。
The tyre's flat─the nail has gone right through.
轮胎瘪了,让钉子扎穿了。
The onlookers stood aside to let the paramedics through.
围观的人闪开一条路,让医务辅助人员通过。
The flood was too deep to drive through.
洪水太深,汽车开不过去。
2.
自始至终;从头至尾from the beginning to the end of a thing or period of time
Don't tell me how it ends─I haven't read it all the way through yet.
先别告诉我书的结尾,我还没有看完呢。
I expect I'll struggle through until payday.
我想我会挨到发薪日的。
3.
通过(障碍、阶段或测试)past a barrier, stage or test
The lights were red but he drove straight through.
红灯亮着,但他开车闯了过去。
Our team is through to(= has reached) the semi-finals.
我们队打进了半决赛。
4.
直达;径直travelling through a place without stopping or without people having to get off one train and onto another
‘Did you stop in Oxford on the way?’ ‘No, we drove straight through.’
“你路经牛津时停车了吗?”“没有,我一直开过来的。”
This train goes straight through to York.
这列火车直达约克。
5.
(电话)接通着connected by telephone
Ask to be put through to me personally.
请接线员把电话直接接给我本人。
I tried to call you but I couldn't get through .
我给你打电话了,可是怎么也打不通。
6.
(用于形容词后)完全,彻底used after an adjective to mean ‘completely’
We got wet through.
我们浑身上下都湿透了。
IDM
He's British through and through.
他是地地道道的英国人。
through and through
完全;彻底;地地道道;彻头彻尾completely; in every way
He's British through and through.
他是地地道道的英国人。
adj.
1.
[obn]
(交通旅行)直达的,直通的,全程的through traffic travels from one side of a place to the other without stopping
2.
[obn]
(火车)直达的,直通的athrough train takes you to the final place you want to get to and you do not have to get off and get on another train
3.
[obn]
(道路或路线)直通的athrough road or route is open at both ends and allows traffic to travel from one end to the other
The village lies on a busy through road.
那村庄坐落在一条繁忙的直达公路上。
No through road(= the road is closed at one end) .
此路不通。
4.
[nbn]
~ (with sth/sb)
(使用)完成,结束;(关系)了结,断绝used to show that you have finished using sth or have ended a relationship with sb
Are you through with that newspaper?
你看完那份报纸了吗?
Todd and I are through.
托德和我吹了。

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