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turn

美 [tɜrn]
英 [tɜː(r)n]
  • v.转向;转身;翻;转弯
  • n.转向;转变;转动;旋动
  • linkv.成为;超过(某一年龄或时间)
  • 网络旋转;转牌;翻转
第三人称单数:turns  现在分词:turning  过去分词:turned  
turn
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v.
转动move round
1.
[i][t]
(使)转动,旋转to move or make sth move around a central point
The wheels of the car began to turn.
汽车的轮子开始转动起来。
I can't get the screw to turn.
我拧不动这个螺丝钉。
He turned the key in the lock.
他转动钥匙开锁。
She turned the wheel sharply to the left.
她猛地向左打方向盘。
改变位置╱方向change position/direction
2.
[i][t]
转身;扭转(身体部位)to move your body or part of your body so as to face or start moving in a different direction
We turned and headed for home.
我们转身朝家走去。
She turned to look at me.
她转过头来看着我。
He turned back to his work.
他回去继续工作。
I turned away and looked out of the window.
我扭过脸去望着窗外。
He turned his back to the wall.
他转身背对着墙。
She turned her head away.
她把头扭向别处。
3.
[t]
~ sth + adv./prep.
翻转;翻动;把…翻过来to move sth so that it is in a different position or facing a different direction
She turned the chair on its side to repair it.
她把椅子翻转过来修理。
Turn the sweater inside out before you wash it.
你把针织套衫里面翻过来再洗。
4.
[i][t]
(使)改变方向;转弯to change the direction you are moving or travelling in; to make sth change the direction it is moving in
He turned into a narrow street.
他拐进了一条狭窄的街道。
The man turned the corner and disappeared.
那男人转过街角就没影了。
I turned the car into the car park.
我转弯把汽车开进了停车场。
5.
[i]
(+ adv./prep.)
转向;转弯to curve in a particular direction
The road turns to the left after the church.
这条路过了教堂之后向左转弯。
瞄准;指向aim/point
6.
[t][i]
朝着;向…方向;对准to aim or point sth in a particular direction
Police turned water cannon on the rioters.
警察把高压水枪对准了闹事者。
He turned the gun on himself.
他把枪口对准了自己。
She looked at him then turned her attention back to me.
她看了看他,然后又把注意力转回到我的身上。
His thoughts turned to his dead wife.
他想起了自己已故的妻子。
海潮of tide in sea
7.
[i]
开始涨(或落)to start to come in or go out
The tide is turning─we'd better get back.
涨潮了,我们最好回去吧。
松开let sb/sth go
8.
[t]
(使)松开,释放to make or let sb/sth go into a particular place or state
They turned the horse into the field.
他们把马松开放到牧场里。
to turn the dogs loose
把狗放开
折叠fold
9.
[t]
~ sth + adv./prep.
折起;翻转to fold sth in a particular way
She turned down the blankets and climbed into bed.
她掀开毯子爬上床去。
He turned up the collar of his coat and hurried out into the rain.
他竖起大衣领子,冒雨匆匆走了。
侧手翻;筋斗cartwheel/somersault
10.
[t][nopass]
~ sth
表演(身体旋转动作)to perform a movement by moving your body in a circle
to turn cartwheels/somersaults
做侧手翻;翻筋斗
书页page
11.
[t][i]
翻,翻动(书页)if youturn a page of a book or magazine, you move it so that you can read the next page
He sat turning the pages idly.
他坐在那里无所事事地翻着书。
Turn to p.23.
翻到第 23 页。
比赛game
12.
[i][t]
~ (sth) (around)
(使)逆转if a gameturns or sbturns it, it changes the way it is developing so that a different person or team starts to win
stomach
13.
[i][t]
~ (your stomach)
作呕;恶心;使(胃)不适when your stomachturns or sthturns your stomach, you feel as though you will vomit
木材wood
14.
[t]
~ sth
(在车床上)车削to shape sth on a lathe
to turn a chair leg
在车床上车椅子腿
turned boxes and bowls
车削成的盒和碗
IDM
大多数含 turn 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及形容词相关词条找到,如 not turn a hair 在词条 hair 下。Most idioms containingturn are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for examplenot turn a hair is athair .
I didn't need my umbrella, as it turned out(= because it didn't rain) .
我果然没用上我的伞。
as it/things turned out
正如后来表明的;果然如此;果不其然as was shown or proved by later events
I didn't need my umbrella, as it turned out(= because it didn't rain) .
我果然没用上我的伞。
be well, badly, etc. turned out
穿着打扮得好(或不好等)to be well, badly, etc. dressed
How could she turn round and say that, after all I've done for her?
我为她做了这么多,她怎么竟会说出那种话来?
turn round/around and do sth
(informal)
(用以报告令人吃惊或不快的言行)竟会used to report what sb says or does, when this is surprising or annoying
How could she turn round and say that, after all I've done for her?
我为她做了这么多,她怎么竟会说出那种话来?
linkv.
变成become
1.
(使)变成,成为to change into a particular state or condition; to make sth do this
The leaves were turning brown.
叶子变黄。
The weather has turned cold.
天气变得寒冷了。
He turned nasty when we refused to give him the money.
我们不给他钱,他变得穷凶极恶。
He decided to turn professional .
他决定转为职业人员。
The heat turned the milk sour.
炎热的天气使得牛奶变酸了。
She turned a deathly shade of white when she heard the news.
她听到这个消息时面如死灰。
He's a lawyer turned politician(= he used to be a lawyer but is now a politician) .
他以前是个律师,现在成为政治家了。
年龄;时间age/time
2.
+ noun
到达,超过(某一年龄或时间)to reach or pass a particular age or time
She turns 21 in June.
她到六月份就满 21 岁了。
It's turned midnight.
已过了午夜。
n.
活动movement
1.
转动;旋动an act of turning sb/sth around
Give the handle a few turns.
转动几下把手。
道路;车辆of road/vehicle
2.
(车辆的)转弯,转向a change in direction in a vehicle
Make a left/right turn into West Street.
向左╱右拐入西大街。
3.
岔路口;拐弯处;转弯处a place where a road leads away from the one you are travelling on
4.
(道路的)弯道,转弯处a bend or corner in a road
a lane full of twists and turns
弯弯曲曲的小巷
时间time
5.
(依次轮到的)机会the time when sb in a group of people should or is allowed to do sth
When it's your turn, take another card.
轮到你时,再抓一张牌。
Please wait your turn .
请等着轮到你。
Whose turn is it to cook?
轮到谁做饭了?
Steve took a turn driving while I slept.
我睡觉时,史蒂夫接着开车。
变化change
6.
(异乎寻常或意外的)变化,转变an unusual or unexpected change in what is happening
a surprising turn of events
意想不到的事态变化
His health has taken a turn for the worse(= suddenly got worse) .
他的健康状况突然恶化。
Events took a dramatic turn in the weeks that followed.
在以后的几周里,事态急转直下。
The book is, by turns , funny and very sad.
这部书时而妙趣横生,时而悲悲戚戚。
表演performance
7.
短小节目a short performance or piece of entertainment such as a song, etc.
Everyone got up on stage to do a turn.
每个人都登台表演了一个小节目。
步行walk
8.
散步;转一圈a short walk
We took a turn around the park.
我们在公园里转了一圈。
疾病illness
9.
(疾病的)一阵发作;不适感a feeling of illness
a funny turn(= a feeling that you may faint)
感到一阵晕眩
IDM
At every turn I met with disappointment.
我事事都不顺心。
at every turn
处处;事事;每次everywhere or every time you try and do sth
At every turn I met with disappointment.
我事事都不顺心。
Well, that's my good turn for the day.
好啦,这就是我今天做的好事。
(do sb) a good turn
(为某人做)好事,善事;(做)有助于某人的事(to do) sth that helps sb
Well, that's my good turn for the day.
好啦,这就是我今天做的好事。
done to a turn
烹调得恰到火候cooked for exactly the right amount of time
give sb a turn
使大吃一惊;吓某人一跳to frighten or shock sb
The children called out their names in turn.
孩子们逐一自报姓名。
Increased production will, in turn, lead to increased profits.
增加生产会继而增加利润。
in turn
依次;轮流;逐个one after the other in a particular order
The children called out their names in turn.
孩子们逐一自报姓名。
相应地;转而as a result of sth in a series of events
Increased production will, in turn, lead to increased profits.
增加生产会继而增加利润。
one good turn deserves another
善须善报;要以德报德;好人应得好报you should help sb who has helped you
His luck is on the turn.
他就要时来运转了。
on the turn
即将变化going to change soon
His luck is on the turn.
他就要时来运转了。
speak/talk out of turn
说话出格(或冒失、鲁莽、不合时宜)to say sth that you should not because it is the wrong situation or because it offends sb
The male and female birds take turns in sitting on the eggs.
雄鸟和雌鸟轮流伏窝。
We take it in turns to do the housework.
我们轮流做家务。
take turns (in sth/to do sth)
依次;轮流if peopletake turns ortake it in turns to do sth, they do it one after the other to make sure it is done fairly
The male and female birds take turns in sitting on the eggs.
雄鸟和雌鸟轮流伏窝。
We take it in turns to do the housework.
我们轮流做家务。
It was built at the turn of the century.
这是在世纪之交修建的。
the turn of the century/year
世纪之交;新年伊始;辞旧迎新之际the time when a new century/year starts
It was built at the turn of the century.
这是在世纪之交修建的。
a turn of mind
思维方式;思想方法a particular way of thinking about things
a turn of phrase
措辞;表达方式;描述方式a particular way of describing sth
a turn of the screw
雪上加霜an extra amount of pressure, cruelty , etc. added to a situation that is already difficult to bear or understand
He put on an impressive turn of speed in the last lap.
他在最后一圈猛然加速。
a turn of speed
突然加速;加快进度;突然加快的能力a sudden increase in your speed or rate of progress; the ability to suddenly increase your speed
He put on an impressive turn of speed in the last lap.
他在最后一圈猛然加速。

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