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under

美 ['ʌndər]
英 ['ʌndə(r)]
  • prep.根据;不足;小于;在(或到、通过)…下面
  • adv.小于;在下面;在水下;少于
  • adj.较低的;下面的
  • 网络在…下;在……下面;在…之下
under
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prep.
1.
在(或到、通过)…下面in, to or through a position that is below sth
Have you looked under the bed?
你看了床底下没有?
She placed the ladder under(= just lower than) the window.
她把梯子立在窗户下面。
The dog squeezed under the gate and ran into the road.
狗从门底下钻出去,跑到大路上去了。
2.
在…表面下;由…覆盖着below the surface of sth; covered by sth
The boat lay under several feet of water.
那条船沉在水下好几英尺处。
3.
少于;小于;不足;比…年轻less than; younger than
an annual income of under £10 000
不到 1 万英镑的年收入
It took us under an hour.
这事花了我们不到一小时。
Nobody under 18 is allowed to buy alcohol.
未满 18 岁者不得买酒。
4.
由…控制(或管理、经营)used to say who or what controls, governs or manages sb/sth
The country is now under martial law.
这个国家目前在戒严中。
The coinage was reformed under Elizabeth I(= when she was queen) .
英国币制在伊丽莎白一世时代作了改革。
She has a staff of 19 working under her.
她手下有 19 个职员工作。
Under its new conductor, the orchestra has established an international reputation.
在新指挥的领导下,这个乐团建立了国际声誉。
5.
根据,按照(协议、法律或制度)according to an agreement, a law or a system
Six suspects are being held under the Prevention of Terrorism Act.
根据《反恐怖主义法》,六个嫌疑人被拘押。
Under the terms of the lease you had no right to sublet the property.
按租约条款的规定,你无权转租这房产。
Is the television still under guarantee?
这台电视机还在保修期内吗?
6.
在…过程中experiencing a particular process
The hotel is still under construction.
旅馆还在兴建中。
The matter is under investigation.
此事正在调查中。
7.
由…造成;受…影响affected by sth
The wall collapsed under the strain.
墙壁因承受不了重压而坍塌了。
I've been feeling under stress lately.
我最近感到压力很大。
I'm under no illusions about what hard work this will be.
对于这项工作的辛苦,我从不存错误的幻想。
You'll be under anaesthetic, so you won't feel a thing.
你将被麻醉,所以什么也感觉不到。
8.
用,以(某一名字)using a particular name
She also writes under the pseudonym of Barbara Vine.
她也用芭芭拉 ) 瓦因的化名从事写作。
9.
在…项下;在(书等中的)某部分found in a particular part of a book, list, etc.
If it's not under ‘sports’, try looking under ‘games’.
如果在“体育运动”项下查不到,就试试“游戏”项吧。
adv.
1.
在下面below sth
He pulled up the covers and crawled under.
他揭开被子钻到里面。
2.
在水下below the surface of water
She took a deep breath and stayed under for more than a minute.
她深吸了一口气,然后潜水一分多钟。
The boat was going under fast.
小船正迅速下沉。
3.
少于;小于;较年轻less; younger
prices of ten dollars and under
十元及以下的价格
children aged 12 and under
12 岁及以下的儿童
4.
在昏迷中;陷入昏迷状态in or into an unconscious state
He felt himself going under.
他觉得自己将要昏厥。
adj.
1.
[obn]
较低的;下面的lower; underneath
the under layer
下面的一层
the under surface of a leaf
叶子的背面

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