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would

美 [wʊd]
英 [wʊd]
  • auxv.会;愿意;大概;常
  • modalv.就;将会;老是;带出想象的结果
  • 网络将要;的用法;打算
would
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modalv.
1.
(will 的过去式,用于转述)将,将会used as the past form ofwill when reporting what sb has said or thought
He said he would be here at eight o'clock(= His words were: ‘I will be there at eight o'clock.’) .
他说他将在八点钟到达这里。
She asked if I would help.
她问我是否会帮忙。
They told me that they probably wouldn't come.
他们对我说他们多半不会来。
2.
(带出想象的结果)used for talking about the result of an event that you imagine
She'd look better with shorter hair.
她留短发会显得好看些。
If you went to see him, he would be delighted.
倘若你去看望他,他会高兴的。
Hurry up! It would be a shame to miss the beginning of the play.
快点儿!要是错过这出戏的开场就太可惜了。
She'd be a fool to accept it(= if she accepted) .
她倘若接受,那她就是个傻瓜。
3.
(表示可能发生的事情没有发生,是因为之前另一件事没有发生)就会used for describing a possible action or event that did not in fact happen, because sth else did not happen first
If I had seen the advertisement in time I would have applied for the job.
我要是及时看到了这则广告,我就应聘那份工作了。
They would never have met if she hadn't gone to Emma's party.
她如果不去参加埃玛的聚会,他们就永远不会相会。
4.
so that/in order that sb/sth ~
(说明动机)used for saying why sb does sth
She burned the letters so that her husband would never read them.
她把那些信都烧了以便永远不让她丈夫看见。
5.
wish (that) sb/sth ~
(表达愿望)会,将会used for saying what you want to happen
I wish you'd be quiet for a minute.
我希望你会安静一会儿。
6.
(表示不愿意)used to show that sb/sth was not willing or refused to do sth
She wouldn't change it, even though she knew it was wrong.
尽管她知道这错了,她也不肯改变。
My car wouldn't start this morning.
今天早晨我的汽车怎么也发动不起来。
7.
(客气地请求)used to ask sb politely to do sth
Would you mind leaving us alone for a few minutes?
你不介意让我们单独待一会吧?
Would you open the door for me, please?
请你给我开门好吗?
8.
(客气地建议或邀请)used in polite offers or invitations
Would you like a sandwich?
您来一个三明治好吗?
Would you have dinner with me on Friday?
请你星期五和我一起用餐好吗?
9.
~ like, love, hate, prefer, etc. sth/(sb) to do sth.~ rather do sth/sb did sth
(表示愿意、喜欢、不愿意等)used to say what you like, love, hate, etc.
I'd love a coffee.
我想喝杯咖啡。
I'd be only too glad to help.
我非常愿意帮忙。
I'd hate you to think I was criticizing you.
我可不愿意让你认为我是在批评你。
I'd rather come with you.
我倒愿意和你一起去。
I'd rather you came with us.
我倒愿意你和我们一块儿去。
10.
~ imagine, say, think, etc. (that)…
(提出拿不准的看法)used to give opinions that you are not certain about
I would imagine the job will take about two days.
我猜想这工作大概需要两天左右的时间吧。
I'd say he was about fifty.
我猜他五十岁上下。
11.
(提出忠告)used to give advice
I wouldn't have any more to drink, if I were you .
我要是你的话,我就不会再喝酒了。
12.
(带出过去常见的情况)总是,老是used for talking about things that often happened in the past
When my parents were away, my grandmother would take care of me.
我父母外出的时候,总是祖母照看我。
He'd always be the first to offer to help.
他总是第一个主动提出帮忙。
13.
(带出一贯的行为)总是,爱,好,就used for talking about behaviour that you think is typical
‘She said it was your fault.’ ‘Well, she would say that , wouldn't she? She's never liked me.’
“她说这是你的错。”“唉,她总是这么说,不是吗?她从来就没有喜欢过我。”
14.
~ that…
(用以表示强烈的愿望)used to express a strong wish
Would that he had lived to see it.
他要是能活到看见这该多好哇。

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