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year

美 [jɪr]
英 [jɪə(r)]
  • n.年;年度;年级;年龄
  • 网络年份;一年;年代
复数:years  
year
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n.
1.
[c]
年;日历年the period from 1 January to 31 December, that is 365 or 366 days, divided into 12 months
in the year 1865
在 1865 年
I lost my job earlier this year.
今年早些时候,我失业了。
Elections take place every year.
每年都进行各项选举。
The museum is open all (the) year round(= during the whole year) .
博物馆全年开放。
2.
[c]
一年时间a period of 12 months, measured from any particular time
It's exactly a year since I started working here.
我来这里工作已经整整一年了。
She gave up teaching three years ago.
三年前,她放弃了教学工作。
in the first year of their marriage
在他们婚后第一年里
the pre-war/war/post-war years(= the period before/during/after the war)
战前的╱战争的╱战后的年代
I have happy memories of my years in Poland(= the time I spent there) .
在波兰的岁月给我留下了美好的回忆。
3.
[c]
与某事相关的一年;年度a period of 12 months connected with a particular activity
the academic/school year
学年
the tax year
财政年度
4.
[c]
年级;某年级的学生a level that you stay in for one year; a student at a particular level
We started German in year seven.
我们在七年级开始学习德语。
a year-seven pupil
七年级学生
The first years do French.
一年级学生学习法语。
She was in my year at school.
她上学时跟我同级。
5.
[c][usupl]
年岁;年纪;年龄age; time of life
He was 14 years old when it happened.
这件事情发生的时候,他 14 岁。
She looks young for her years.
她看上去比她的年龄小。
They were both only 20 years of age .
他们两人都只有 20 岁。
a twenty-year-old man
一名二十岁的男子
He died in his sixtieth year.
他是六十岁时去世的。
She's getting on in years(= is no longer young) .
她已经上年纪了。
6.
[pl]
(informal)
很久;好长时间a long time
It's years since we last met.
我们多年没有见面了。
They haven't seen each other for years .
他们彼此多年没有见面了。
That's the best movie I've seen in years .
那是我多年来看过的最好的电影。
We've had a lot of fun over the years .
这些年来我们过得很开心。